Correction: ClearSight™ finger cuff versus invasive arterial pressure measurement in patients with body mass index above 45 kg/m2
BMC Anesthesiology volume 23, Article number: 75 (2023)
Correction: BMC Anesthesiol 21, 152 (2021)
Following publication of the original article , we provide here additional analyses and results pertaining to non-invasive blood pressure measurements recorded during the study. Upper arm non-invasive blood pressure (NIBP) measurements from 29 of the 30 participants were recorded during the study. It was subsequently identified that the arm cuffs used did not comply with the manufacturer’s recommendations for using a particular cuff size for the specific patient arm circumference . Therefore comparative analyses were not included in the original reporting of this methods comparison analysis. For this reason we urge caution in drawing any conclusions from interpretation of these results.
The methods for obtaining invasive blood pressure measurements from the radial artery (INV) and non-invasive measurements from the ClearSight™ finger cuff (FC) have been published previously . According to institutional protocol, the NIBP cuff was allocated by pre-operative nursing staff and approved by the anesthesia team. The institution uses Welch Allyn Flexiport™ Reusable cuffs (Welch Allyn Australia P/L, Macquarie Park NSW, Australia) which come in size 11 (adult: to fit a mid-arm circumference 25 – 24 cm), size 12 (large adult: 32 – 43 cm) and size 13 (thigh: 40 – 55 cm). There is no cuff size available for a mid-arm circumference >55 cm . The NIBP cuff was placed on the upper arm on the same side as the radial artery catheter, except for cases in which this was not possible due to placement of intravenous access. NIBP measurements were obtained using an E-PSMP Carescape Module™ (GE Healthcare, Chicago, IL, USA).
Systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) were recorded digitally at 5-minute intervals from the initial blood pressure measurement for each patient for up to one hour, or until cessation of anesthesia, whichever occurred first.
Data from 29 participants were analysed. The correct cuff was allocated in two (7%) patients, according to the manufacturer’s recommendations and based on the measured mid-arm circumference. Of the incorrectly allocated cuffs, all were too small. In two participants, the arm circumference was outside the range provided for by the manufacturer. Eight (28%) patients had ipsilateral NIBP and INV arm measurements. Patients had complete data until 35 minutes of general anesthesia. Thereafter it ranged between 24 and 28 readings per method, as the length of surgery differed between patients.
We firstly present here the output of the analysis comparing the measurements obtained from the ClearSight™ finger cuff and the NIBP upper arm cuffs. Table 1 shows the results of the modified Bland-Altman analysis comparing these two methods. Figure 1 shows the Bland-Altman plots of MAP, SBP and diastolic blood pressure DBP comparing these two methods. Figure 2 shows the four-quadrant plots for SBP, MAP and DBP. An error-grid analysis was not undertaken, as this analysis requires one of the methods to be a gold-standard technique.
We also present the output of the analysis comparing the measurements obtained from the invasive arterial monitoring with the measurements obtained from the NIBP arm cuffs. Table 2 shows the modified Bland-Altman analysis comparing these two methods. Figure 3 shows the Bland-Altman plots of MAP, SBP and DBP comparing these two methods. Figure 4 shows the four-quadrant plots for SBP, MAP and DBP. Figure 5 shows the error grid analysis comparing SBP and MAP measurements from INV and NIBP.
In a methods comparison analysis, each technique should be undertaken according to manufacturer’s recommendations. For this reason we urge caution in drawing any conclusions from interpretation of these results.
In the original paper we stated: “Comparison of the FC with automated oscillotonometric NIBP cuff readings would have added to our study.” This statement would have been better expressed “Comparison of the FC with accurately measured automated oscillotonometric NIBP cuff readings would have added to our study.” Our intention was to comply with recommendations of the European Society of Hypertension  and the Association of the Advancement for Medical Instrumentation , that were current at the time of our protocol design.
Eley VA, Christensen R, Guy L, et al. ClearSight™ finger cuff versus invasive arterial pressure measurement in patients with body mass index above 45 kg/m2. BMC Anesthesiol. 2021;21:152. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12871-021-01374-x.
Welch Allyn. Blood Pressure Cuffs: FlexiPort Reusable Blood Pressure Cuffs 2018. Available from https://www.welchallyn.com/en/products/categories/bloodpressure-measurement/blood-pressure-cuffs.html. Accessed 22 May 2020.
O’brien E, Atkins N, Stergiou G, et al. European Society of Hypertension International Protocol revision 2010 for the validation of blood pressure measuring devices in adults. Blood Press Monit. 2010;15:23–38.
Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation. American National Standard. ANSI/AAMI/ISO 81060–2:2013 Non-invasive sphygmomanometers-Part 2: Clinical investigation of automated measurement type. Arlington, VA: Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation; 2013.
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Eley, V., Christensen, R., Guy, L. et al. Correction: ClearSight™ finger cuff versus invasive arterial pressure measurement in patients with body mass index above 45 kg/m2. BMC Anesthesiol 23, 75 (2023). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12871-023-02034-y