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  1. Some studies have been performed to assess the effects of levosimendan on cardiac function when administered to cardiac surgery patients with low cardiac output syndrome (LCOS) in the immediate postoperative p...

    Authors: Jose Luis Guerrero Orriach, I. Navarro Arce, P. Hernandez Rodriguez, A. Raigón Ponferrada, A. Malo Manso, M. Ramirez Aliaga, A. Ramirez Fernandez, J. J. Escalona Belmonte, I. Bellido Estevez, A. Gomez Luque, R. Barrera Serrano, C. S. Toledo Medina, M. Rubio Navarro and J. Cruz Mañas

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:212

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. We aimed to evaluate a modified endotracheal tube containing upper and lower balloons for anesthetic administration among patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

    Authors: Yuenong Zhang, Zhiwen Zeng, Guangwen Xiao, Weiqiang Zhang, Weixiong Lin and Jingdan Deng

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:211

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Following publication of the original article [1], the authors reported that there has been a mistake regarding the unit of duration of surgery, consciousness recovery time, and extubation time in Table 1; the...

    Authors: Xiaoxi Li, Ling Yu, Jiaonan Yang and Hongyu Tan

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:210

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:167

  4. Hypoxic preconditioning (HPC) may protect multiple organs from various injuries. We hypothesized that HPC would reduce lung injury in patients undergoing thoracoscopic lobectomy.

    Authors: Wenjing Zhang, Mo Chen, Hongbin Li, Jia Yuan, Jingjing Li, Feixiang Wu and Yan Zhang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:209

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Spinal anesthesia using the midline approach might be technically difficult in geriatric population. We hypothesized that pre-procedural ultrasound (US)-guided paramedian technique and pre-procedural US-guided...

    Authors: Marwan S. Rizk, Carine A. Zeeni, Joanna N. Bouez, Nathalie J. Bteich, Samia K. Sayyid, Waseem S. Alfahel and Sahar M. Siddik-Sayyid

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:208

    Content type: Research article

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  6. We studied the influence of ephedrine or phenylephrine infusion administered immediately after spinal anesthesia (SA) on hemodynamics in elderly orthopedic patients.

    Authors: Miodrag Žunić, Nevenka Krčevski Škvarč and Mirt Kamenik

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:207

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Patient outcomes are influenced by intraoperative temperature management. Oesophageal/pharyngeal temperature monitoring is the standard of care at our institute but is not well tolerated in awake patients. Man...

    Authors: G. Simpson and R. N. Rodseth

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:206

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Surgical stress induces the release of neuroendocrine mediators and cytokines during perioperative period, which may have adverse effects on cancer patients. While the surgical stress responsse can be affected...

    Authors: Ruizhu Liu, Haiyan Qin, Meng Wang, Kai Li and Guoqing Zhao

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:205

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Frailty is a frequent and underdiagnosed functional syndrome involving reduced physiological reserves and an increased vulnerability against stressors, with severe individual and socioeconomic consequences. A ...

    Authors: Oliver Birkelbach, Rudolf Mörgeli, Claudia Spies, Maria Olbert, Björn Weiss, Maximilian Brauner, Bruno Neuner, Roland C. E. Francis, Sascha Treskatsch and Felix Balzer

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:204

    Content type: Research article

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  10. While much effort has been devoted to correcting intraoperative hypothermia, less attention has been directed to preventing redistribution hypothermia. In this study, we compared three different anesthetic ind...

    Authors: Jonathan V. Roth, Leonard E. Braitman and Lacy H. Hunt

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:203

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The incidence and risk factors of postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) during robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) in extreme Trendelenburg positioning and pneumoperitoneum are still controversial. T...

    Authors: Yue Li, Dan Huang, Diansan Su, Jie Chen and Liqun Yang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:202

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Significant bleeding is a well known complication after cardiac surgical procedures and is associated with worse outcome. Thrombelastometry (ROTEM®) allows point-of-care testing of the coagulation status but o...

    Authors: Martin Haensig, Joerg Kempfert, Pia-Maria Kempfert, Evaldas Girdauskas, Michael Andrew Borger and Sven Lehmann

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:201

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Previous studies have demonstrated that the common laryngoscopic approach (right-sided) and midline approach are both used for endotracheal intubation by direct laryngoscopy. Although the midline approach is c...

    Authors: Lianxiang Jiang, Shulin Qiu, Peng Zhang, Weidong Yao, Yan Chang and Zeping Dai

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:200

    Content type: Research article

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  14. General anesthesia induction with the initiation of positive pressure ventilation creates a vulnerable phase for patients. The impact of positive intrathoracic pressure on cardiac performance has been studied ...

    Authors: Harry Magunia, Anne Jordanow, Marius Keller, Peter Rosenberger and Martina Nowak-Machen

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:199

    Content type: Research article

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  15. As a part of multimodal analgesia for laparoscopic cholecystectomy, both intraoperative lidocaine and esmolol facilitate postoperative analgesia. Our objective was to compare these two emerging strategies that...

    Authors: Joshan Lal Bajracharya, Asish Subedi, Krishna Pokharel and Balkrishna Bhattarai

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:198

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Phenylephrine is the most commonly used vasopressor for prophylaxis against maternal hypotension during cesarean delivery; however, the best regimen for its administration is not well established. Although var...

    Authors: Ahmed Hasanin, Sara Habib, Yaser Abdelwahab, Mohamed Elsayad, Maha Mostafa, Marwa Zayed, Mohamed Maher Kamel, Kareem Hussein, Sherin Refaat, Ahmed Y. Fouda, Ahmed A. Wali, Khaled A. Elshafaei, Doaa Mahmoud and Sarah Amin

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:197

    Content type: Research article

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  17. As the field of interventional pulmonology (IP) expands, anesthesia services are increasingly being utilized when complex procedures of longer duration are performed on sicker patients with high risk co-morbid...

    Authors: Kyle M. Behrens and Richard E. Galgon

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:196

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Continuous interscalene block is widely used for pain management in shoulder surgery. However, continuous interscalene block performed using the catheter-through-needle method is reportedly associated with adv...

    Authors: Meishu Tanijima, Kenichi Takechi, Kazuo Nakanishi and Toshihiro Yorozuya

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:195

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Iatrogenic tracheal ruptures are rare but life-threatening airway complications that often require surgical repair. Data on perioperative vital functions and anesthetic regimes are scarce. The goal of this stu...

    Authors: Manuel F. Struck, Gunther Hempel, Uta C. Pietsch, Johannes Broschewitz, Uwe Eichfeld, Robert Werdehausen and Sebastian Krämer

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:194

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The coracoid approach is a simple method to perform ultrasound-guided brachial plexus regional anesthesia (RA) but its simplicity is counterbalanced by a difficult needle visualization. We hypothesized that th...

    Authors: Andrés Felipe Gil Blanco, Pascal Laferrière-Langlois, David Jessop, Frédérick D’Aragon, Yanick Sansoucy, Natalie Albert, Pascal Tétreault and Pablo Echave

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:193

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Postoperative delirium is common in older adults, especially in those patients undergoing spine surgery, in whom it is estimated to occur in > 30% of patients. Although previously thought to be transient, it i...

    Authors: Charles H. Brown IV, Emily L. Jones, Charles Lin, Melody Esmaili, Yara Gorashi, Richard A. Skelton, Daniel Kaganov, Elizabeth A. Colantuoni, Lisa R. Yanek, Karin J. Neufeld, Vidyulata Kamath, Frederick E. Sieber, Clayton L. Dean, Charles C. Edwards II and Charles W. Hogue

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:192

    Content type: Study protocol

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  22. Goal Directed Fluid Therapy (GDFT) represents an objective fluid replacement algorithm. The effect of provider variability remains a confounder. Overhydration worsens perioperative morbidity and mortality; the...

    Authors: R. Ryan Field, Tuan Mai, Samouel Hanna, Brian Harrington, Michael-David Calderon and Joseph Rinehart

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:191

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Hypothermia and shivering are common complications after spinal anaesthesia, especially after uroscopic procedures in which large amounts of cold intraluminal irrigation fluids are used. Magnesium sulfate and ...

    Authors: Heba Omar, Wessam Adel Aboella, Mohammed Mahmoud Hassan, Amany Hassan, Passaint Hassan, Ahmed Elshall, Dalia Khaled, Maha Mostafa, Pierre Zarif Tawadros, Mona Hossam Eldin, Mai Wedad and Bassant Mohamed Abdelhamid

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:190

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The differences in post-operative pain are unclear between the primiparas who underwent a primary cesarean section and multiparas who underwent their first repeat cesarean section. The study aimed to explore t...

    Authors: Guangyou Duan, Guiying Yang, Jing Peng, Zhenxin Duan, Jie Li, Xianglong Tang and Hong Li

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:189

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Opioids have long been the mainstay of drugs used for intra-operative analgesia. Due to their well-known short and long term side effects, the use of non-opioid analgesics has often been encouraged to decrease...

    Authors: Venkatesan Thiruvenkatarajan, Richard Wood, Richard Watts, John Currie, Medhat Wahba and Roelof M. Van Wijk

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:188

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The use of neostigmine after neuromuscular blockade (NMB) has been associated with postoperative respiratory complications. In previous studies, we found lower diaphragmatic activity after neostigmine reversal...

    Authors: Tom Schepens, Koen Janssens, Sabine Maes, Davina Wildemeersch, Jurryt Vellinga, Philippe G. Jorens and Vera Saldien

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:187

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Ultrasound-guided lateral transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block can provide definite analgesia to the anterior abdominal wall. However, whether this method is useful in renal surgery through the lateral abdo...

    Authors: Xue Li, Zhen-Zhen Xu, Xue-Ying Li, Ting-Ting Jiang, Zeng-Mao Lin and Dong-Xin Wang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:186

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Secondary infection has a higher incidence in septic patients and affects clinical outcomes. This study aims to investigate the clinical characteristics, risk factors, immune status and prognosis of secondary ...

    Authors: Yao Chen, Yanyan Hu, Jin Zhang, Yue Shen, Junling Huang, Jun Yin, Ping Wang, Ying Fan, Jianli Wang, Su Lu, Yilin Yang, Lei Yan, Keyong Li, Zhenju Song, Chaoyang Tong and Shilin Du

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:185

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Early postoperative ambulation and reduction of hospital stay necessitate efficient postoperative analgesia. Quadrates Lumborum Block (QLB) has been described to provide adequate postoperative analgesia after ...

    Authors: Abeer Ahmed, Maher Fawzy, Mohamed A. R. Nasr, Ayman M. Hussam, Eman Fouad, Hesham Aboeldahb, Dalia Saad, Safinaz Osman, Rania Samir Fahmy, Mohamed Farid and Mohsen M. Waheb

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:184

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The optimal perioperative analgesic strategy in video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) for anatomic lung resections remains an open issue. Regional analgesic concepts as thoracic paravertebral or epidural anal...

    Authors: Benedikt Haager, Daniel Schmid, Joerg Eschbach, Bernward Passlick and Torsten Loop

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:183

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The significance of intraoperative anesthesia handoffs on patient outcomes are unclear. One aspect differentiating the disparate results is the treatment of confounding factors, such as patient comorbidities a...

    Authors: Vikas N. O’Reilly-Shah, Victoria G. Melanson, Cinnamon L. Sullivan, Craig S. Jabaley and Grant C. Lynde

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:182

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Intravenous dexmedetomidine is known to attenuate stress response in patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery. We investigated whether the addition of the highly selective alpha-2 adrenergic agonist dexmedetom...

    Authors: Zhaojun Qin, Chunyan Xiang, Hongbo Li, Tingting Liu, Leyun Zhan, Zhengyuan Xia, Min Zhang and Jianping Lai

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:181

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Older people are currently the fastest growing segment of the worldwide population. The present study aimed to estimate propofol dose in older patients based on size descriptors measured by bioelectrical imped...

    Authors: Ana M. Araújo, Humberto S. Machado, Amílcar C. Falcão and Patrício Soares-da-Silva

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:180

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Delayed gastric emptying and the resultant “full stomach” is the most important risk factor for perioperative pulmonary aspiration. Using point-of-care gastric sonography, we aimed to investigate the prevalenc...

    Authors: Li Zhou, Yi Yang, Lei Yang, Wei Cao, Heng Jing, Yan Xu, Xiaojuan Jiang, Danfeng Xu, Qianhui Xiao, Chunling Jiang and Lulong Bo

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:179

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Increase of pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) is an efficient method of modulating pulmonary and systemic blood flows (Qp/Qs) for patients with left-to-right (L-R) shunt, and is also closely associated with ...

    Authors: Peiyi Li, Jun Zeng, Wei Wei and Jing Lin

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:178

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting (PONV) is a dreadful and uncomfortable experience that significantly detracts patients’ quality of life after surgery. This study aimed to examine the antiemetic effect of a s...

    Authors: Sylvanus Kampo, Alfred Parker Afful, Shiraj Mohammed, Michael Ntim, Alexis D. B. Buunaaim and Thomas Winsum Anabah

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:177

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Patients with left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy may suffer ischemia-reperfusion injuries at the time of cardiac surgery with impairment in left ventricular function. Using transesophageal echocardiography (TEE...

    Authors: Marc Licker, John Diaper, Tornike Sologashvili and Christoph Ellenberger

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:175

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Since inadequate heparin anticoagulation and insufficient reversal can result in complications during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) surgery, heparin anticoagulation monitoring by point-of-care (POC) activated c...

    Authors: Daniel Dirkmann, Elisabeth Nagy, Martin W. Britten and Jürgen Peters

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:174

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Central arterial pressure can be derived from analysis of the peripheral artery waveform. The aim of this study was to compare central arterial pressures measured from an intra-aortic catheter with peripheral ...

    Authors: Sabino Scolletta, Antoine Herpain, Salvatore Mario Romano, Fabio Silvio Taccone, Katia Donadello, Boris Lubicz, Federico Franchi, Keitiane Michele Kaefer, Enrico Polati, Jean-Louis Vincent and Daniel De Backer

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:173

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Following publication of the original article [1], the authors reported that one of the co-authors has a mistake in the author name; the middle name and surname are switched. This is the correct information.

    Authors: Elena Spinelli, Tommaso Mauri, Alberto Fogagnolo, Gaetano Scaramuzzo, Annalisa Rundo, Domenico Luca Grieco, Giacomo Grasselli, Carlo Alberto Volta and Savino Spadaro

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:172

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:140

  41. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication following non-cardiac surgery with adverse short- and long- term morbidity and mortality. Evidence shows that hypoalbuminemia is associated with increased AKI...

    Authors: Nan Li, Hong Qiao, Jing-Fei Guo, Hong-Yun Yang, Xue-Ying Li, Shuang-Ling Li, Dong-Xin Wang and Li Yang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:171

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Using a minimum dose of neuromuscular blockade (NMB) to achieve intubation condition is one of the goals in anaesthesia management of patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) for thoracoscopic (VATS) thymectomy. H...

    Authors: Shoujun Fei, Hengfu Xia, Xiaowei Chen, Dazhi Pang and Xuebing Xu

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:170

    Content type: Research article

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  43. We previously demonstrated that lubrication of an endotracheal tube (ETT) cuff with K-Y™ jelly strongly and significantly inhibited the increase in cuff pressure during nitrous oxide (N2O) exposure in vitro. Howe...

    Authors: Moriyoshi Oji, Yukihide Koyama, Hiroyuki Oshika, Masashi Kohno, Yusuke Nakahashi, Sayano Fukushima, Hidemasa Iwakura and Tomio Andoh

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:169

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Nasotracheal intubation can potentially result in microbial contamination from the upper respiratory tract to the lower respiratory tracts. However, an ideal nasotracheal disinfection method is yet to be deter...

    Authors: Aiji Sato-Boku, Keiji Nagano, Yoshiaki Hasegawa, Yuji Kamimura, Yoshiki Sento, MinHye So, Eisuke Kako, Masahiro Okuda, Naoko Tachi, Hidekazu Ito, Yushi Adachi and Kazuya Sobue

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:168

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Thyroidectomy is a common procedure that causes mild trauma. Nevertheless, postoperative pain remains a major challenge in patient care. Multimodal analgesia comprising a combination of analgesics and analgesi...

    Authors: Xiaoxi Li, Ling Yu, Jiaonan Yang and Hongyu Tan

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:167

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:210

  46. King Vision and McGrath MAC video laryngoscopes (VLs) are increasingly used. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance of nasotracheal intubation in patients with predicted difficult intubation...

    Authors: Haozhen Zhu, Jinxing Liu, Lulu Suo, Chi Zhou, Yu Sun and Hong Jiang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:166

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  47. Nerve block of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN) is a predominantly sensory block. It reduces pain following total hip arthroplasty (THA), but the non-responder rate is high. We hypothesized, that an ...

    Authors: Frederik Vilhelmsen, Mariam Nersesjan, Jakob Hessel Andersen, Jakob Klim Danker, Leif Broeng, Daniel Hägi-Pedersen, Ole Mathiesen and Kasper Højgaard Thybo

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:165

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  48. Intravenous use of sufentanil can elicit cough. This study aimed to evaluate the inhibitory effect of pre-injection of a mall dose of remifentanil on sufentanil-induced cough during the induction of general an...

    Authors: Wendong Lin, Jiehao Sun and Shuying Fu

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:164

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  49. Nasotracheal intubation (NTI) is frequently performed for oral and maxillofacial surgeries. This study evaluated whether NTI is easier when guided by Disposcope endoscopy or fibreoptic bronchoscopy.

    Authors: Junma Yu, Rui Hu, Lining Wu, Peng Sun and Zhi Zhang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:163

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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