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  1. Research article

    Intraoperative continuous cerebral microcirculation measurement in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: preliminary data on the early administration of magnesium sulfate

    In patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), vasospasm remains one of the major complications. The application of intravenous magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) has been under discussion to prevent cerebral ischemia. O...

    Bjoern Sommer, Cornelia S. Weidinger, Dennis Wolf, Michael Buchfelder and Hubert Schmitt

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:143

    Published on: 17 October 2017

  2. Research article

    Role of tube size and intranasal compression of the nasotracheal tube in respiratory pressure loss during nasotracheal intubation: a laboratory study

    Small nasotracheal tubes (NTTs) and intranasal compression of the NTT in the nasal cavity may contribute to increasing airway resistance. Since the effects of size, shape, and partial compression of the NTT on...

    Koichi Futagawa, Yoshihiro Takasugi, Takeharu Kobayashi, Satoshi Morishita and Takahiko Okuda

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:141

    Published on: 17 October 2017

  3. Research article

    Gastrointestinal motility following thoracic surgery: the effect of thoracic epidural analgesia. A randomised controlled trial

    Impairment of gastrointestinal (GI) motility is an undesirable but inevitable consequence of surgery. This prospective randomised controlled study tested the hypothesis that postoperative thoracic epidural ana...

    Argyro Zoumprouli, Aikaterini Chatzimichali, Stamatios Papadimitriou, Alexandra Papaioannou, Evaghelos Xynos and Helen Askitopoulou

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:139

    Published on: 16 October 2017

  4. Research article

    A comparison of the use of propofol alone and propofol with midazolam for pediatric magnetic resonance imaging sedation – a retrospective cohort study

    Pediatric MRI sedation performed by a variety of specialists such as sedationists and anesthesiologists commonly uses propofol, which has similar effects to an ideal sedative agent for maintaining deep sedatio...

    RyungA Kang, Young Hee Shin, Nam-Su Gil, Ki Yoon Kim, Hyean Yeo and Ji Seon Jeong

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:138

    Published on: 11 October 2017

  5. Research article

    The EC90 of remifentanil for blunting cardiovascular responses to head fixation for neurosurgery under total intravenous anesthesia with propofol and remifentanil based on bispectral index monitoring: estimation with the biased coin up-and-down sequential method

    Head fixation can induce hemodynamic instability. Remifentanil is commonly used with propofol for total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) during neurosurgery. This study investigated the 90% effective concentratio...

    Jung-Man Lee, Jae-Hyon Bahk, Young-Jin Lim, Jiwon Lee and Leerang Lim

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:136

    Published on: 10 October 2017

  6. Research article

    Patients with glycogen storage diseases undergoing anesthesia: a case series

    Glycogen storage diseases are rare genetic disorders of glycogen synthesis, degradation, or metabolism regulation. When these patients are subjected to anesthesia, perioperative complications can develop, incl...

    Carmelina Gurrieri, Juraj Sprung, Toby N. Weingarten and Mary E. Warner

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:134

    Published on: 6 October 2017

  7. Research article

    Validation of the imperial college surgical assessment device for spinal anesthesia

    Traditionally, technical proficiency for spinal anesthesia has been assessed using observational scales such as global rating scales or task specific checklists. However more objective metrics are required in ...

    Marcia A. Corvetto, Carlos Fuentes, Andrea Araneda, Pablo Achurra, Pablo Miranda, Paola Viviani and Fernando R. Altermatt

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:131

    Published on: 29 September 2017

  8. Research article

    Levosimendan combined with epinephrine improves rescue outcomes in a rat model of lipid-based resuscitation from bupivacaine-induced cardiac arrest

    The effectiveness of a combination of a lipid emulsion with epinephrine in reversing local anesthetic-induced cardiac arrest has been confirmed. The combination of a lipid emulsion with levosimendan, was shown...

    Fubei Nan, Xixi Cai, Yingchao Ye, Xuzhong Xu, Zhengqian Li, Min Li and Limei Chen

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:128

    Published on: 15 September 2017

  9. Research article

    Incidence and severity of postoperative sore throat: a randomized comparison of Glidescope with Macintosh laryngoscope

    Postoperative sore throat (POST) is a common problem following endotracheal (ET) intubation during general anesthesia. The objective was to compare the incidence and severity of POST during routine intubation ...

    Mansoor Aqil, Mueen Ullah Khan, Saara Mansoor, Saad Mansoor, Rashid Saeed Khokhar and Abdul Sattar Narejo

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:127

    Published on: 12 September 2017

  10. Research article

    Determination of the optimal inspiratory pressure providing adequate ventilation while minimizing gastric insufflation using real-time ultrasonography in Chinese children: a prospective, randomized, double-blind study

    During facemask ventilation, gastric insufflation is defined as appearance of a comet-tail or an acoustic shadow on ultrasonography. Ultrasonographic measurement of antral cross-section area (CSA) may reflect ...

    Xiaowei Qian, Qiong Hu, Hang Zhao, Bo Meng, Yang Nan, Hong Cao, Qingquan Lian and Jun Li

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:126

    Published on: 11 September 2017

  11. Research article

    Hydrogen sulfide attenuates isoflurane-induced neuroapoptosis and cognitive impairment in the developing rat brain

    Isoflurane-induced neuroapoptosis and cognitive impairment has been previously reported. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) has been shown to be a neuromodulator that is thought to have anti-apoptotic, anti-inflammatory, and...

    Xueyuan Hu, Li Luan, Wei Guan, Shuai Zhang, Bei Li, Wei Ji and Honggang Fan

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:123

    Published on: 5 September 2017

  12. Research article

    TREK-1 mediates isoflurane-induced cytotoxicity in astrocytes

    There are growing concerns that anaesthetic exposure can cause extensive apoptotic degeneration of neurons and the impairment of normal synaptic development and remodelling. However, little attention has been ...

    Haiyun Guo, Zhengwu Peng, Liu Yang, Xue Liu, Yaning Xie, Yanhui Cai, Lize Xiong and Yi Zeng

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:124

    Published on: 5 September 2017

  13. Research article

    Comparison of the Supreme™ and ProSeal™ laryngeal mask airways in infants: a prospective randomised clinical study

    The Supreme™ and ProSeal™ laryngeal mask airways (LMAs) are widely used in paediatric anaesthesia; however, LMA use in infants is limited because many anaesthesiologists prefer to use tracheal intubation in in...

    Sibel Oba, Hacer Sebnem Turk, Canan Tulay Isil, Huseyin Erdogan, Pinar Sayin and Ali Ihsan Dokucu

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:125

    Published on: 5 September 2017

  14. Research article

    Ten important articles on noninvasive ventilation in critically ill patients and insights for the future: A report of expert opinions

    Noninvasive ventilation is used worldwide in many settings. Its effectiveness has been proven for common clinical conditions in critical care such as cardiogenic pulmonary edema and chronic obstructive pulmona...

    A. Cortegiani, V. Russotto, M. Antonelli, E. Azoulay, A. Carlucci, G. Conti, A. Demoule, M. Ferrer, N.S. Hill, S. Jaber, P. Navalesi, P. Pelosi, R. Scala and C. Gregoretti

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:122

    Published on: 4 September 2017

  15. Research article

    Multicenter assessment of sedation and delirium practices in the intensive care units in Poland - is this common practice in Eastern Europe?

    The majority of critically ill patients experience distress during their stay in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU), resulting from systemic illness, multiple interventions and environmental factors. Providing huma...

    Katarzyna Kotfis, Małgorzata Zegan-Barańska, Maciej Żukowski, Krzysztof Kusza, Mariusz Kaczmarczyk and E. Wesley Ely

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:120

    Published on: 2 September 2017

  16. Research article

    Pediatric supraglottic airway devices in clinical practice: A prospective observational study

    Supraglottic airway devices (SGA) are commonly used in pediatric anesthesia and serve as primary or back-up devices for difficult airway management. Most SGA are marketed without proper clinical evaluation. Th...

    Maren Kleine-Brueggeney, Anne Gottfried, Sabine Nabecker, Robert Greif, Malte Book and Lorenz Theiler

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:119

    Published on: 2 September 2017

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