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  1. In the previous randomized controlled trial by our research group, we evaluated the effect of remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) in 130 patients (65 per arm) on acute kidney injury (AKI) within 7 days of o...

    Authors: Yimeng Chen, Guyan Wang, Hui Zhou, Lijing Yang, Congya Zhang, Xiying Yang and Guiyu Lei

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:169

    Content type: Research article

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  2. YouTube™ (“YouTube”) is often used as an educational tool to instruct anesthesia providers on regional anesthesia nerve blocks. However, there is no current objective standard to assess the educational quality...

    Authors: George L. Tewfik, Adam N. Work, Steven M. Shulman and Patrick Discepola

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:168

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Individualized treatment is a common principle in hospitals. Treatment decisions are made based on the patient’s condition, including comorbidities. This principle is equally relevant out-of-hospital. Furtherm...

    Authors: Kristin Tønsager, Marius Rehn, Andreas J. Krüger, Jo Røislien and Kjetil G. Ringdal

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:167

    Content type: Research article

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  4. To investigate the effect of intravenous injection of dexmedetomidine combined with parecoxib sodium on sedation and anxiety and stress response of tracheal intubation in patients undergoing functional endosco...

    Authors: Xiaoxia Gu, Xiujuan Tan, Jinxian Chen, Jingjing Wang, Yue Lu and Liangqing Zhang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:166

    Content type: Research article

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  5. This study analyzed remnant kidney function recovery in living donors after laparoscopic nephrectomy to establish a risk stratification model for delayed recovery and further investigated clinically modifiable...

    Authors: Jaesik Park, Minju Kim, Yong Hyun Park, Misun Park, Jung-Woo Shim, Hyung Mook Lee, Yong-Suk Kim, Young Eun Moon, Sang Hyun Hong and Min Suk Chae

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:165

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Embolic stroke is a common complication of atrial myxoma, whereas multiple cerebral aneurysms associated with atrial myxoma is rare. The pathogenesis of the cerebral vascular disease related to an atrial myxom...

    Authors: Ran Zhang, Zhiyu Tang, Qing Qiao, Feroze Mahmood and Yi Feng

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:164

    Content type: Case report

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  7. A mouth gag is usually used during tonsillectomy and adenotonsillectomy surgeries, cleft palate repair, obstructive sleep apnea surgery, and intraoral tumor excision. The placement of the gag causes hemodynami...

    Authors: Başak Altiparmak, Melike Korkmaz Toker, Ali İhsan Uysal, Sabri Köseoğlu and Semra Gümüş Demirbilek

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:163

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The choice of anesthesia technique remains debatable in patients undergoing surgical repair of hip fracture. This meta-analysis was performed to compare the effect of neuraxial (epidural/spinal) versus general...

    Authors: Xinxun Zheng, Yuming Tan, Yuan Gao and Zhiheng Liu

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:162

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Ossification of the anterior longitudinal ligament (OALL) of the cervical spine is a common, but rarely symptomatic, condition mostly observed in the geriatric population. Although the condition usually requir...

    Authors: Min Xu, Yue Liu, Jing Yang, Hao Liu and Chen Ding

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:161

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Intraoperative hypotension is associated with increased morbidity and mortality after surgery. We hypothesized that intraoperative hypotension might also be associated with worse long-term survival after cance...

    Authors: Wen-Wen Huang, Wen-Zhi Zhu, Dong-Liang Mu, Xin-Qiang Ji, Xue-Ying Li, Daqing Ma and Dong-Xin Wang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:160

    Content type: Research article

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  11. For infants undergoing complex cardiac surgery, hemodynamic management after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is challenging because of severe myocardial edema, vasomotor dysfunction and weak tolerance to a change...

    Authors: Xuechao Hao and Wei Wei

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:159

    Content type: Case report

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  12. The control of endothelial progenitor cells (CD133+/CD34+ EPCs) migrating from bone marrow to peripheral blood is not completely understood. Emerging evidence suggests that stromal cell-derived factor-1α (SDF-...

    Authors: Antonella Cotoia, Olga Cela, Gaetano Palumbo, Sabrina Altamura, Flavia Marchese, Nicoletta Mangialetto, Daniela La Bella, Vincenzo Lizzi, Nazzareno Capitanio and Gilda Cinnella

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:158

    Content type: Research article

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  13. In women presenting for caesarean section under spinal anesthesia, continuous measurement of circulatory aspects, such as blood pressure and cardiac output, is often needed. At present, invasive techniques are...

    Authors: Ivar N. Omenås, Christian Tronstad and Leiv Arne Rosseland

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:157

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Awake craniotomy requires specific sedation procedure in an awake patient who should be able to cooperate during the intraoperative neurological assessment. Currently, limited number of literatures on the appl...

    Authors: Ping Yi, Qiong Li, Zhoujing Yang, Li Cao, Xiaobing Hu and Huahua Gu

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:156

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Major abdominal surgery is associated with endothelial glycocalyx disruption. The anti-inflammatory effects of lidocaine were recently associated with endothelial barrier protection.

    Authors: Marco Pustetto, Nicolas Goldsztejn, Karim Touihri, Edgard Engelman, Brigitte Ickx and Luc Van Obbergh

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:155

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Sufentanil is one of the opioids currently used to induce general anesthesia, and cough is one of the most common complications. Many drugs have been used to prevent sufentanil-induced cough (SIC), and dezocin...

    Authors: Zhencheng Xiong, Ping Yi, Jipeng Song and Mingsheng Tan

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:154

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Peripheral perfusion index (PPI) is an indicator reflecting perfusion. Patients undergoing long time surgeries are more prone to hypoperfusion and increased lactate. Few studies focusing on investigating the a...

    Authors: Xinge Shi, Ming Xu, Xu Yu and Yibin Lu

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:153

    Content type: Research article

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  18. After prehospital insertion of i-gel, a popular supraglottic airway (SGA), fiberoptic-guided intubation through i-gel is often required to switch the i-gel to a definitive airway for anticipated difficult airw...

    Authors: Yun Jeong Chae, Heirim Lee, Bokyeong Jun and In Kyong Yi

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:152

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Endotracheal intubation requires optimum position of the head and neck. In obese females, the usual ramped position might not provide adequate intubating conditions. We hypothesized that a new position, termed...

    Authors: Ahmed Hasanin, Hager Tarek, Maha M. A. Mostafa, Amany Arafa, Ahmed G. Safina, Mona H. Elsherbiny, Osama Hosny, Ahmed A. Gado, Tarek Almenesey, Ghada Adel Hamden, Mohamed Mahmoud and Sarah Amin

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:151

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Double-lumen tube (DLT) intubation is necessary for thoracic surgery and other operations with the need for lung separation. However, DLT insertion is complex and might result in airway trauma. A new videolary...

    Authors: Joachim Risse, Ann-Kristin Schubert, Thomas Wiesmann, Ansgar Huelshoff, David Stay, Michael Zentgraf, Andreas Kirschbaum, Hinnerk Wulf, Carsten Feldmann and Karl Matteo Meggiolaro

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:150

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Propofol is among the most frequently used anesthetic agents, and it has the potential for abuse. The N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors are key mediators neural plasticity, neuronal development, addiction,...

    Authors: Bei-ping Chen, Xi-xi Huang, Dong-mei Dong, Hui Wu, Tian-qi Zhu and Ben-fu Wang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:149

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Acute renal injury (AKI) caused by hypotension often occurs in elderly patients after gastrointestinal tumor surgery. Although vasoactive drugs can increase effective filtration pressure, they may increase ren...

    Authors: Xiaowei Guo, Jie Hu, Hanbing Xiao, Tianyu Liu, Zheng Niu, Min Wang and Dunyi Qi

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:148

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Dramatic hemodynamic fluctuation occurs frequently during surgery for pheochromocytoma or paraganglioma. However, the criteria of intraoperative hemodynamic instability vary widely, and most of them were defin...

    Authors: Nan Li, Hao Kong, Shuang-Ling Li, Sai-Nan Zhu, Zheng Zhang and Dong-Xin Wang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:147

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Loss of resistance (LOR) technique is a widely used method to identify the epidural space. However, cases of inadequate epidural anesthesia in cesarean section were frequently reported. Also, the success rate ...

    Authors: Young Sung Kim, Hyo Sung Kim, Hyerim Jeong, Chung Hun Lee, Mi Kyoung Lee and Sang Sik Choi

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:146

    Content type: Research article

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  25. We developed a Vital-signs-integrated Patient-assisted Intravenous opioid Analgesia (VPIA) analgesic infusion pump, a closed-loop vital signs monitoring and drug delivery system which embodied in a novel algor...

    Authors: Ban Leong Sng, Daryl Jian’an Tan, Chin Wen Tan, Nian-Lin Reena Han, Rehena Sultana and Alex Tiong Heng Sia

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:145

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Caudal ketamine has been shown to provide an effective and prolonged post-operative analgesia with few adverse effects. However, the effect of caudal ketamine on the minimum local anesthetic concentration (MLA...

    Authors: Huai-Zhen Wang, Ling-Yu Wang, Hui-Hong Liang, Yan-Ting Fan, Xing-Rong Song and Ying-Jun She

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:144

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Previous studies showed that remifentanil-induced anesthesia can inhibit surgical stress response in non-diabetic adult patients and that low-dose glucose loading during anesthesia may attenuate fat catabolism...

    Authors: Kohei Fukuta, Asuka Kasai, Noriko Niki, Yuki Ishikawa, Ryosuke Kawanishi, Nami Kakuta, Yoko Sakai, Yasuo M. Tsutsumi and Katsuya Tanaka

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:143

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The volume effect of iso-oncotic colloid is supposedly larger than crystalloid, but such differences are dependent on clinical context. The purpose of this single center observational study was to compare the ...

    Authors: Daisuke Toyoda, Yuichi Maki, Yasumasa Sakamoto, Junki Kinoshita, Risa Abe and Yoshifumi Kotake

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:141

    Content type: Research article

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  29. There has been a global increase in the incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI), including among critically-ill surgical patients. AKI prediction score provides an opportunity for early detection of patients wh...

    Authors: Konlawij Trongtrakul, Jayanton Patumanond, Suneerat Kongsayreepong, Sunthiti Morakul, Tanyong Pipanmekaporn, Osaree Akaraborworn and Sujaree Poopipatpab

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:140

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Spinal anesthesia is optimal choice for transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), but the sensory block should not cross the T10 level. With advancing age, the sensory blockade level increases after spin...

    Authors: Wei Bing Wang, Ai Jiao Sun, Hong Ping Yu, Jing Chun Dong and Huang Xu

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:139

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Several neuraxial techniques have demonstrated effective post-cesarean section analgesia. According to previous reports, it is likely that patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) without opioids is inferi...

    Authors: Izumi Sato, Hajime Iwasaki, Sarah Kyuragi Luthe, Takafumi Iida and Hirotsugu Kanda

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:138

    Content type: Research article

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  32. As a component of multimodal analgesia, the administration of systemic lidocaine is a well-known technique. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of lidocaine infusion on postoperative pain-related outcomes in pat...

    Authors: Anup Ghimire, Asish Subedi, Balkrishna Bhattarai and Birendra Prasad Sah

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:137

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The application of bedside ultrasound to evaluate gastric content and volume can assist in determining aspiration risk. Applying positive pressure ventilation via supraglottic airway devices (SAD) can result i...

    Authors: Qiuping Ye, Di Wu, Weiping Fang, Gordon Tin Chun Wong and Yao Lu

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:136

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Abnormal laryngeal structures are likely to be associated with a difficult laryngoscopy procedure. Currently, laryngeal structures can be measured by ultrasonography, however, little research has been performe...

    Authors: Hongwei Ni, Chunming Guan, Guangbao He, Yang Bao, Dongping Shi and Yijun Zhu

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:134

    Content type: Research article

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  35. This retrospective study aimed to compare the clinical outcomes of parturients with placenta previa (PP) and placenta accreta (PA) according to their severity, when they were managed with intraoperative abdomi...

    Authors: Peng Li, Xia Liu, Xiangkui Li, Xinchuan Wei and Juan Liao

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:133

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Propofol provides a prominent sedation effect in colonoscopy. However, anesthesia and sedation induced with propofol in the elderly might result in cardiopulmonary complications, especially when it is combined...

    Authors: Mengmeng Chen, Yi Lu, Haoran Liu, Qingxia Fu, Jun Li, Junzheng Wu and Wangning Shangguan

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:132

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Patients undergoing endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) require adequate sedation or general anesthesia. To date, there is lack of consensus regarding who should administer sedation in these ...

    Authors: Chengcheng C. Zhang, Nicole Ganion, Phillip Knebel, Christian Bopp, Thorsten Brenner, Markus A. Weigand, Peter Sauer and Anja Schaible

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:131

    Content type: Research article

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  38. It is unclear whether regional anesthesia with infraclavicular nerve block or general anesthesia provides better postoperative analgesia after distal radial fracture fixation, especially when combined with reg...

    Authors: Stanley S. Wong, Wing S. Chan, Christian Fang, Chi W. Chan, Tak W. Lau, Frankie Leung and Chi W. Cheung

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:130

    Content type: Research article

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  39. This study determined whether the relationship between predicted propofol effect site concentration (Ce) and observer’s assessment of alertness/sedation scale (OAA/S) or Bispectral Index (BIS) was similar comp...

    Authors: Frederick Sieber, Karin Neufeld, Esther S. Oh, Allan Gottschalk and Nae-Yuh Wang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:129

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) are common and significant problems for oral and maxillofacial surgery patients. Dexmedetomidine (DEX), an α2-adrenoreceptor agonist, has been proven having lung prote...

    Authors: Yun Liu, Xi Zhu, Dan Zhou, Fang Han and Xudong Yang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:127

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Retrospective analysis and pre-clinical studies suggest that local anesthetics have anti-tumoral effects. However, the association between cancer recurrence and the use of local anesthesia is inconclusive and ...

    Authors: Guanhua Zhu, Ling Zhang, Jiapeng Dan and Qiong Zhu

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:126

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The anesthesia of patients with large mediastinal mass is at high-risk. Avoidance of general anesthesia in these patients is the safest option, if this is unavoidable, maintenance of spontaneous ventilation is...

    Authors: Zhuo Liu, Qianqian Jia and Xiaochun Yang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:125

    Content type: Case report

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  43. Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a complex endoscopic procedure that requires moderate to deep sedation. Propofol is the sedative agent of choice for sedation in ERCP due to its fast di...

    Authors: Adhrie Sugiarto, Christopher Kapuangan, Aida Rosita Tantri and Vincent Chrisnata

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:123

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The use of Spinal Cord Stimulation (SCS) system to treat medically refractory neuropathic pain is increasing. Severe neuropathic pain can be found in giant chest wall arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), exceed...

    Authors: Bruno Antonio Zanfini, Salvatore De Martino, Luciano Frassanito, Stefano Catarci, Francesco Vitale di Maio, Pietro Paolo Giuri, Gian Luigi Gonnella and Gaetano Draisci

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:122

    Content type: Case report

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  45. The glycocalyx layer is a key structure in the endothelium. Tourniquet-induced ischemic periods are used during orthopedic surgery, and the reactive oxygen species generated after ischemia-reperfusion may medi...

    Authors: Felipe Maldonado, Diego Morales, Rodrigo Gutiérrez, Maximiliano Barahona, Oscar Cerda and Mónica Cáceres

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:121

    Content type: Research article

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