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  1. Megaloblastic anemia or bone marrow changes could occur after prolonged nitrous oxide inhalation via vitamin B12 inactivation related DNA synthesis impairment. Previous researches have studied hematological chang...

    Authors: Ruoxi Wang, Ling Lan, Li Xu, Bo Zhu and Yuguang Huang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:171

    Content type: Research

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  2. Transoral thyroidectomy can be performed using nasal or oral intubation. Recently, we encountered two cases of vocal cord granuloma that were suspected to result from intraoperative compression by the oral end...

    Authors: Tsung-Jung Liang, Nai-Yu Wang, Shiuh-Inn Liu and I-Shu Chen

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:170

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Continuous peripheral nerve catheters (CPNCs) have been used for postoperative pain relief. A common problem encountered with CPNCs is pericatheter leakage, which can lead to dressing adhesive failure. Frequen...

    Authors: Theerawat Chalacheewa, Vanlapa Arnuntasupakul, Lisa Sangkum, Rungrawan Buachai and Jiravud Chanvitayapongs

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:169

    Content type: Research Article

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  4. There was no “gold standard” to assess the success or failure of thoracic paravertebral block (TPVB). Measurement of skin temperature with infrared thermography (IT) would be a reliable method to evaluate the ...

    Authors: Shuang Zhang, Yong Liu, Xiaohu Liu, Tianzhu Liu, Pengcheng Li and Wei Mei

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:168

    Content type: Research

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  5. The Surgical Pleth Index (SPI) is an objective tool that can reflect nociception-antinociception balance and guide the use of intraoperative analgesics. Multimodal analgesia has been neglected in many previous...

    Authors: Jian Guo, Weigang Zhu, Qinye Shi, Fangping Bao and Jianhong Xu

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:167

    Content type: Research

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  6. No previous study investigated the dexmedetomidine-based opioid-free anesthesia (OFA) protocol in cardiac surgery. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and the postoperative opioid-...

    Authors: Clément Aguerreche, Gaspard Cadier, Antoine Beurton, Julien Imbault, Sébastien Leuillet, Alain Remy, Cédrick Zaouter and Alexandre Ouattara

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:166

    Content type: Research

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  7. Although regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rScO2) monitoring has been widely used in clinical practice, the relationship between hemoglobin (dHB) content and rScO2 is incompletely understood. The aim of this s...

    Authors: Lin Liu, Zhipeng Qiang, Jianmin Zhang, Yi Ren, Xin Zhao, Wenya Fu, Zhong Xin, Zenghua Xu, Fang Wang, Lijing Li, Nan Zou, Xuemei Zhang, Lei Feng and Shuxuan Ma

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:165

    Content type: Research

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  8. Pulmonary artery catheter insertion is a routine practice in high-risk patients undergoing cardiac surgery. However, pulmonary artery catheter insertion is associated with numerous complications that can be de...

    Authors: Hoon Choi, Joon Pyo Jeon, Jaewon Huh, Youme Kim and Wonjung Hwang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:73

    Content type: Case report

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  9. An increase in blood flow in the forearm arteries has been reported after brachial plexus block (BPB). However, few studies have quantitatively analysed the blood flow of the forearm arteries after BPB or have...

    Authors: Yang Xu, Derong Cui, Junfeng Zhang, Qian Ding, Jing Dong and Yan Wang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:164

    Content type: Research Article

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  10. Fluid warming, recommended for fluid rates of > 500 ml h-1, is an integral part of patient temperature management strategies. Fluid warming devices using an uncoated aluminium containing heating element have been...

    Authors: Thorsten Perl, N. Kunze-Szikszay, A. Bräuer, M. Quintel, T. Roy, K. Kerpen and U. Telgheder

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:163

    Content type: Research

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  11. Nicolaides-Baraitser syndrome (NCBRS) is a rare disease caused by mutations in the SMRCA2 gene, which affects chromatin remodelling and leads to a wide range of symptoms including microcephaly, distinct facial...

    Authors: Marie Goehring, Suma Choorapoikayil, Kai Zacharowski and Leila Messroghli

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:162

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Exhaled propofol concentrations correlate with propofol concentrations in adult human blood and the brain tissue of rats, as well as with electroencephalography (EEG) based indices of anesthetic depth. The pha...

    Authors: Sebastian Heiderich, Tara Ghasemi, Nils Dennhardt, Robert Sümpelmann, Vanessa Rigterink, Katja Nickel, Oliver Keil, Dietmar Böthig and Christiane E. Beck

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:161

    Content type: Research

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  13. Unrelieved postoperative pain afflicts millions each year in low and middle income countries (LMIC). Despite substantial advances in the study of pain, this area remains neglected. Current systematic review wa...

    Authors: Gauhar Afshan, Robyna Irshad Khan, Aliya Ahmed, Ali Sarfraz Siddiqui, Azhar Rehman, Syed Amir Raza, Rozina Kerai and Khawaja Mustafa

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:160

    Content type: Research Article

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  14. The effect of a combination of a goal-directed fluid protocol and preoperative carbohydrate loading on postoperative complications in elderly patients still remains unknown. Therefore, we designed this trial t...

    Authors: Xia Liu, Peng Zhang, Meng Xue Liu, Jun Li Ma, Xin Chuan Wei and Dan Fan

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:157

    Content type: Research Article

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  15. Remimazolam besylate is a newer benzodiazepine with characteristics of quick onset of effects, short maintenance and recovery times without accumulation in tissues. This trial was conducted to confirm the effi...

    Authors: Xiaoqiang Zhang, Shuang Li and Jing Liu

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:156

    Content type: Research

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:173

  16. The surge of critically ill patients due to the coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) overwhelmed critical care capacity in areas of northern Italy. Anesthesia machines have been used as alternatives to traditio...

    Authors: Maurizio Bottiroli, Angelo Calini, Riccardo Pinciroli, Ariel Mueller, Antonio Siragusa, Carlo Anelli, Richard D. Urman, Ala Nozari, Lorenzo Berra, Michele Mondino and Roberto Fumagalli

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:155

    Content type: Research

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  17. The role of dexmedetomidine in preventing postoperative delirium (POD) after cardiac surgery remains controversial because of several recent trials with negative results. We aimed to perform an updated meta-an...

    Authors: Peng Li, Lu-xi Li, Zhen-zhen Zhao, Jian Xie, Cheng-long Zhu, Xiao-ming Deng and Jia-feng Wang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:153

    Content type: Research Article

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  18. Measuring blood pressure in patients with obesity is challenging. The ClearSight™ finger cuff (FC) uses the vascular unloading technique to provide continuous non-invasive blood pressure measurements. We aimed...

    Authors: Victoria Eley, Rebecca Christensen, Louis Guy, Kerstin Wyssusek, Anita Pelecanos, Benjamin Dodd, Michael Stowasser and Andre van Zundert

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:152

    Content type: Research

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  19. Anesthetic management of an adult with failing Fontan physiology is complicated given inherent anatomical and physiological alterations. Neurosurgical interventions including thromboembolectomy may be particul...

    Authors: Caroline Eden, Hugo Clifford, Arthur Wang, Asif Mohammed and Peter Yim

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:151

    Content type: Case report

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  20. The obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is characterized by intermittent cerebral hypoxia which can cause cognitive alterations. Likewise, hypoxia induced neurocognitive deficits are detectable after gener...

    Authors: Soeren Wagner, Lorenz Sutter, Fabian Wagenblast, Andreas Walther and Jan-Henrik Schiff

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:150

    Content type: Research Article

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  21. Preoperative anxiety is prevalent and has harmful effects on postoperative outcomes. However, to date, it is still unclear (i) to what extent patients perceive preoperative anxiety as emotionally distressful, ...

    Authors: Stefan Salzmann, Stephen Rienmüller, Stefan Kampmann, Frank Euteneuer and Dirk Rüsch

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:149

    Content type: Research

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  22. For successful lighted stylet intubation, bending the lighted stylet with an appropriate angle is a prerequisite. The purpose of this study was to compare three different bend angles of 70, 80, and 90 degrees ...

    Authors: Dongwook Won, Jung-Man Lee, Jiwon Lee, Jin-Young Hwang, Tae Kyong Kim, Jee-Eun Chang, Hyerim Kim, Seoyoung Ma and Seong-Won Min

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:148

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  23. Intravenous epinephrine has been a key treatment in cardiopulmonary arrest since the early 1960s. The ideal timing for the first dose of epinephrinee is uncertain. We aimed to investigate the association of im...

    Authors: Abdullah Bakhsh, Maha Safhi, Ashwaq Alghamdi, Amjad Alharazi, Bedoor Alshabibi, Rajwa Alobaidi and Maryam Alnashri

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:147

    Content type: Research

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  24. Flow-controlled ventilation (FCV) is a novel ventilation method increasingly being used clinically, particularly during the current COVID-19 pandemic. However, the continuous flow pattern in FCV during inspira...

    Authors: Patrick Spraider, Gabriel Putzer, Robert Breitkopf, Julia Abram, Simon Mathis, Bernhard Glodny and Judith Martini

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:145

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  25. Nebulized lidocaine reduced stress response for endotracheal intubation. However, the impact of novel lidocaine aerosol inhalation for intubation by ultrasonic atomizer was unclear. Hence, we designed aerosol ...

    Authors: Qiaoqiao Xu, Zhiqiang Zhou, Ling Ai, Jieqiong Liu and Xuebi Tian

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:144

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  26. Epidural catheters are routinely placed for many surgical procedures and to treat various pain conditions. Known complications arising from epidural catheter equipment malfunction include epidural pump failure...

    Authors: Daniel A. Nahrwold, Aaron R. Muncey, Nasrin N. Aldawoodi, Raymond M. Evans and Jamie P. Hoffman

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:143

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  27. Although continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the first line treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients, the perioperative adherence rate is unclear. The objective of this study was to deter...

    Authors: Colin Suen, Jean Wong, Kahiye Warsame, Yamini Subramani, Tony Panzarella, Rida Waseem, Dennis Auckley, Rabail Chaudhry, Sazzadul Islam and Frances Chung

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:142

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. Polytrauma patients are at a higher risk of delayed gastric emptying. To assess the gastric volume, a reliable diagnostic tool is needed to prevent the occurrence of aspiration pneumonia, which remains a serio...

    Authors: Mohamed S. Shorbagy, Amr A. Kasem, Ahmed A. Gamal Eldin and Ramy Mahrose

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:140

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  29. Thoracic epidural analgesia has long been a common method of postoperative analgesia for major open abdominal surgeries and is frequently used within enhanced recovery after surgery programs. An alternative po...

    Authors: David Miller, Peter Andriakos, Justin VanBacker, Erin Macbeth, Igor Galay, Dilip Sidhu, Divya Cherukupalli, Edward Lee, Brian Valerian, A. David Chismark, Jonathan Canete and Farzana Afroze

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:137

    Content type: Research

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  30. Preventing emergence cough after nasal surgery is critical. Emergence cough can provoke immediate postoperative bleeding, which leads to upper airway obstruction. In the present study, we compared the effect-s...

    Authors: Ha Yeon Kim, Hyun Jeong Kwak, Dongchul Lee, Ji Hyea Lee, Sang Kee Min and Jong Yeop Kim

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:136

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  31. The potential relationship between a mild acute kidney injury (AKI) observed in the immediate postoperative period after major surgery and its effect on long term renal function remains poorly defined. Accordi...

    Authors: Alexandre Joosten, Brigitte Ickx, Zakaria Mokthari, Luc Van Obbergh, Valerio Lucidi, Vincent Collange, Salima Naili, Philippe Ichai, Didier Samuel, Antonio Sa Cunha, Brenton Alexander, Matthieu Legrand, Fabio Silvio Taccone, Anatole Harrois, Jacques Duranteau, Jean-Louis Vincent…

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:135

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  32. Pernicious placenta previa (PPP) can increase the risk of perioperative complications. During caesarean section in patients with adherent placenta, intraoperative blood loss, hysterectomy rate and transfusion ...

    Authors: Fei Huo, Hansheng Liang and Yi Feng

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:134

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  33. Labor epidural analgesia (LEA) effectively relieves the labor pain, but it is still not available consistently for multiparous women in many institutions because of their obviously shortened labor length.

    Authors: Shuzhi Luo, Zhaowen Chen, Xujian Wang, Changyu Zhu and Shili Su

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:133

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  34. Undiagnosed obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with adverse perioperative outcomes. The STOP-Bang questionnaire is a validated screening tool for OSA. However, its precision may vary among different p...

    Authors: Lisa Sangkum, Chama Wathanavaha, Visasiri Tantrakul, Munthana Pothong and Cherdkiat Karnjanarachata

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:132

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. The study investigated the success rate of the great saphenous venous catheter placement performed by ultrasound-assisted technique compared with the conventional puncture method in infants and toddlers with c...

    Authors: Yong Bian, Yanhui Huang, Jie Bai, Jijian Zheng and Yue Huang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:131

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  36. The pathogenesis of postoperative cognitive decline (POCD) is still poorly understood; however, the inflammatory response to surgical procedures seems likely to be involved. In addition, our recent randomized ...

    Authors: Sandro Glumac, Goran Kardum, Lidija Sodic, Cristijan Bulat, Ivan Covic, Mladen Carev and Nenad Karanovic

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:129

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. The elderly population is highly susceptible to develop post-operative complications after major surgeries. It is not clear whether the comprehensive geriatric care models are effective in reducing adverse eve...

    Authors: Aparna Saripella, Sara Wasef, Mahesh Nagappa, Sheila Riazi, Marina Englesakis, Jean Wong and Frances Chung

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:127

    Content type: Research Article

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  38. Nasotracheal intubation is a very useful technique for orofacial or dental surgery. However, the technique itself can be more traumatic than that of orotracheal intubation. Complications such as turbinectomy o...

    Authors: Joungmin Kim, Taehee Pyeon, Hyun Jung Lee and Hyung Chae Yang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:126

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  39. Respiratory compromise (RC) including hypoxia and hypoventilation is likely to be missed in the postoperative period. Integrated pulmonary index (IPI) is a comprehensive respiratory parameter evaluating ventil...

    Authors: Yasutoshi Kuroe, Yuko Mihara, Shuji Okahara, Kenzo Ishii, Tomoyuki Kanazawa and Hiroshi Morimatsu

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:123

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

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