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  1. Content type: Research article

    Although mortality after cardiac surgery has significantly decreased in the last decade, patients still experience clinically relevant postoperative complications. Among others, atrial fibrillation (AF) is a c...

    Authors: Hristo Todorov, Inka Janssen, Stefanie Honndorf, Daniela Bause, Antje Gottschalk, Silke Baasner, Thomas Volkert, Valentin Faerber, John F. Stover, Martin Westphal and Björn Ellger

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:163

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  2. Content type: Research article

    McGrath MAC video laryngoscope offers excellent laryngosopic views and increases the success rate of orotracheal intubation in some cases. The aim of this study was to determine the usefulness of McGrath MAC f...

    Authors: Aiji Sato (Boku), Kazuya Sobue, Eisuke Kako, Naoko Tachi, Yoko Okumura, Mayuko Kanazawa, Mayumi Hashimoto and Jun Harada

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:160

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  3. Content type: Correction

    Following publication of the original article [1], the authors reported that additional file 10 contained a typing error in the table “Percentage of responders (≥50% max TOTPAR) over two, four, six and eight h...

    Authors: R. A. Moore, H. J. McQuay, J. Tomaszewski, G. Raba, D. Tutunaru, N. Lietuviete, J. Galad, L. Hagymasy, D. Melka, J. Kotarski, T. Rechberger, B. Fülesdi, A. Nizzardo, C. Guerrero-Bayón, S. Cuadripani, B. Pizà-Vallespir…

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:159

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    The original article was published in BMC Anesthesiology 2016 16:9

  4. Content type: Research article

    Preoperative anxiety is common in pediatric patients. When dexmedetomidine is used alone for sedation as premedication, children tend to awaken when separated from their parents, and body movements occur durin...

    Authors: Hui Qiao, Zhi Xie and Jie Jia

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:158

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Airway management of the obese patient presenting for surgery is more likely to be a challenging problem. Supraglottic airway device has been adopted as a bridge to connect ventilation and tracheal intubation ...

    Authors: Haixia Wang, Xue Gao, Wei Wei, Huihui Miao, Hua Meng and Ming Tian

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:156

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Evidence to date suggests that capnography monitoring during gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures (GEP) reduces the incidence of hypoxemia, but the association of capnography monitoring with the incidence of...

    Authors: Michael W. Jopling and Jiejing Qiu

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:157

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Emergence agitation (EA) is a common phenomenon in preschool children during emergence from general anesthesia. This study evaluated the safety and efficacy of dezocine for emergence agitation in preschool chi...

    Authors: Li-Jun An, Yang Zhang, Zheng Su, Xian-Long Zhang, Hai-Lin Liu, Zhi-Jie Zhang, Jian-Lin Hu and Shi-Tong Li

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:154

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Thoracic epidural anesthesia (TEA) exacerbates hypotension due to peripheral vasodilator effects following the use of general anesthetics. This study aimed to compare the hemodynamic changes caused by three di...

    Authors: Jeong-Min Hong, Hyeon Jeong Lee, Young-Jae Oh, Ah Rhem Cho, Hyae Jin Kim, Do-Won Lee, Wang-Seok Do, Jae-Young Kwon and Haekyu Kim

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:153

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies have shown that cyclooxygenase-2, a key enzyme that converts arachidonic acid to prostaglandins, is involved in anxiety and cognitive processes, but few studies have investigated the effects o...

    Authors: Bo Wang, Xin Jin, Xin Kuang and Shaowen Tian

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:152

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  10. Content type: Research article

    While most Direct laryngoscopy leads to dental injury in 25–39% of cases. Dental injury occurs when the forces and impacts applied to the teeth exceed the ability of the structures to dissipate energy and stre...

    Authors: Milo Engoren, Lauryn R. Rochlen, Matthew V. Diehl, Sarah S. Sherman, Elizabeth Jewell, Mary Golinski, Paul Begeman and John M. Cavanaugh

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:151

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Persistent post-surgical pain is a difficult clinical problem. In this study, we intend to explore the mechanism underlying the persistent post-surgical pain in SMIR (skin/muscle incision and retraction) rats.

    Authors: Zhisong Li, Yaru Li, Jing Cao, Xuemin Han, Weihua Cai, Weidong Zang, Jitian Xu and Wei Zhang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:150

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Lung protective mechanical ventilation with limited peak inspiratory pressure has been shown to affect cardiac output in patients with ARDS. However, little is known about the impact of lung protective mechani...

    Authors: Rudolf Hering, Stefan Kreyer and Christian Putensen

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:149

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Studies have found that propofol can inhibit endotoxin-induced monocyte-macrophages to produce various inflammatory factors. This study is to disclose whether the propofol affects the expression of high-mobili...

    Authors: Jie Jia, Yijuan Sun, Zurong Hu, Yi Li and Xiangcai Ruan

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:148

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  14. Content type: Editorial

    While the long-term negative effects of obesity on health is a well-studied phenomenon, its effects on acute illnesses seem to be the contrary. Several studies have indicated the possibility of an ‘obesity par...

    Authors: Pauline Yeung Ng and Matthias Eikermann

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:147

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Rotational elastometry (ROTEM) has been shown useful to monitor coagulation in trauma patients and in major elective surgery. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the utility of ROTEM to identify hemostatic dis...

    Authors: Christoph Ellenberger, Najia Garofano, Gleicy Barcelos, John Diaper, Gordana Pavlovic and Marc Licker

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:146

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  16. Content type: Technical advance

    Hemodynamic resuscitation in septic shock requires aggressive fluid replacement and appropriate use of vasopressors to optimize arterial pressure (AP) and cardiac output (CO). Because responses to these drugs ...

    Authors: Kazunori Uemura, Toru Kawada, Can Zheng, Meihua Li and Masaru Sugimachi

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:145

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  17. Content type: Research article

    In patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), vasospasm remains one of the major complications. The application of intravenous magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) has been under discussion to prevent cerebral ischemia. O...

    Authors: Bjoern Sommer, Cornelia S. Weidinger, Dennis Wolf, Michael Buchfelder and Hubert Schmitt

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:143

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  18. Content type: Review

    Sugammadex, a modified gamma-cyclodextrin, has changed clinical practice of neuromuscular reversal dramatically. With the introduction of this selective relaxant binding agent, rapid and reliable neuromuscular...

    Authors: Hajime Iwasaki, J. Ross Renew, Takayuki Kunisawa and Sorin J. Brull

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:140

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Small nasotracheal tubes (NTTs) and intranasal compression of the NTT in the nasal cavity may contribute to increasing airway resistance. Since the effects of size, shape, and partial compression of the NTT on...

    Authors: Koichi Futagawa, Yoshihiro Takasugi, Takeharu Kobayashi, Satoshi Morishita and Takahiko Okuda

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:141

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  20. Content type: Case report

    Paragangliomas are catecholamine-secreting tumors of the paraganglia. Perioperative mortality of children with paraganglioma is high, but preoperative therapy and anesthetic management of paraganglioma resecti...

    Authors: Xixi Jia, Xiangyang Guo and Qing Zheng

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:142

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Impairment of gastrointestinal (GI) motility is an undesirable but inevitable consequence of surgery. This prospective randomised controlled study tested the hypothesis that postoperative thoracic epidural ana...

    Authors: Argyro Zoumprouli, Aikaterini Chatzimichali, Stamatios Papadimitriou, Alexandra Papaioannou, Evaghelos Xynos and Helen Askitopoulou

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:139

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Pediatric MRI sedation performed by a variety of specialists such as sedationists and anesthesiologists commonly uses propofol, which has similar effects to an ideal sedative agent for maintaining deep sedatio...

    Authors: RyungA Kang, Young Hee Shin, Nam-Su Gil, Ki Yoon Kim, Hyean Yeo and Ji Seon Jeong

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:138

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Head fixation can induce hemodynamic instability. Remifentanil is commonly used with propofol for total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) during neurosurgery. This study investigated the 90% effective concentratio...

    Authors: Jung-Man Lee, Jae-Hyon Bahk, Young-Jin Lim, Jiwon Lee and Leerang Lim

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:136

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  24. Content type: Research article

    When encountering a difficult airway with an Airway Scope (AWS) a bougie can be inserted into the endotracheal tube in the AWS channel. The angulated tip of the bougie can be guided toward the glottis by rotat...

    Authors: Ichiro Takenaka, Kazuyoshi Aoyama, Tamao Iwagaki and Yukari Takenaka

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:133

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Traditionally, technical proficiency for spinal anesthesia has been assessed using observational scales such as global rating scales or task specific checklists. However more objective metrics are required in ...

    Authors: Marcia A. Corvetto, Carlos Fuentes, Andrea Araneda, Pablo Achurra, Pablo Miranda, Paola Viviani and Fernando R. Altermatt

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:131

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Dexmedetomidine is a highly selective adrenergic receptor agonist, which has a dose-dependent sedative hypnotic effect. Furthermore, it also has pharmacological properties, and the ability to inhibit sympathet...

    Authors: Wan-Wei Jiang, Qing-Hui Wang, Ya-Jing Liao, Pai Peng, Min Xu and Li-Xin Yin

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:130

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Lubrication of cuffed tracheal tubes (CTTs) reduces liquid leakage. However, it is not clear how cuff lubrication influences air leakage. We aimed to test the hypothesis that pretreatment with K-Y jelly, a wat...

    Authors: Hiroko Nishioka, Yutaka Usuda, Go Hirabayashi, Koichi Maruyama and Tomio Andoh

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:129

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The effectiveness of a combination of a lipid emulsion with epinephrine in reversing local anesthetic-induced cardiac arrest has been confirmed. The combination of a lipid emulsion with levosimendan, was shown...

    Authors: Fubei Nan, Xixi Cai, Yingchao Ye, Xuzhong Xu, Zhengqian Li, Min Li and Limei Chen

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:128

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Postoperative sore throat (POST) is a common problem following endotracheal (ET) intubation during general anesthesia. The objective was to compare the incidence and severity of POST during routine intubation ...

    Authors: Mansoor Aqil, Mueen Ullah Khan, Saara Mansoor, Saad Mansoor, Rashid Saeed Khokhar and Abdul Sattar Narejo

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:127

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  30. Content type: Research article

    During facemask ventilation, gastric insufflation is defined as appearance of a comet-tail or an acoustic shadow on ultrasonography. Ultrasonographic measurement of antral cross-section area (CSA) may reflect ...

    Authors: Xiaowei Qian, Qiong Hu, Hang Zhao, Bo Meng, Yang Nan, Hong Cao, Qingquan Lian and Jun Li

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:126

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Isoflurane-induced neuroapoptosis and cognitive impairment has been previously reported. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) has been shown to be a neuromodulator that is thought to have anti-apoptotic, anti-inflammatory, and...

    Authors: Xueyuan Hu, Li Luan, Wei Guan, Shuai Zhang, Bei Li, Wei Ji and Honggang Fan

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:123

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  32. Content type: Research article

    There are growing concerns that anaesthetic exposure can cause extensive apoptotic degeneration of neurons and the impairment of normal synaptic development and remodelling. However, little attention has been ...

    Authors: Haiyun Guo, Zhengwu Peng, Liu Yang, Xue Liu, Yaning Xie, Yanhui Cai, Lize Xiong and Yi Zeng

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:124

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The Supreme™ and ProSeal™ laryngeal mask airways (LMAs) are widely used in paediatric anaesthesia; however, LMA use in infants is limited because many anaesthesiologists prefer to use tracheal intubation in in...

    Authors: Sibel Oba, Hacer Sebnem Turk, Canan Tulay Isil, Huseyin Erdogan, Pinar Sayin and Ali Ihsan Dokucu

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:125

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Noninvasive ventilation is used worldwide in many settings. Its effectiveness has been proven for common clinical conditions in critical care such as cardiogenic pulmonary edema and chronic obstructive pulmona...

    Authors: A. Cortegiani, V. Russotto, M. Antonelli, E. Azoulay, A. Carlucci, G. Conti, A. Demoule, M. Ferrer, N.S. Hill, S. Jaber, P. Navalesi, P. Pelosi, R. Scala and C. Gregoretti

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:122

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  35. Content type: Erratum

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:121

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    The original article was published in BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:83

  36. Content type: Research article

    The majority of critically ill patients experience distress during their stay in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU), resulting from systemic illness, multiple interventions and environmental factors. Providing huma...

    Authors: Katarzyna Kotfis, Małgorzata Zegan-Barańska, Maciej Żukowski, Krzysztof Kusza, Mariusz Kaczmarczyk and E. Wesley Ely

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:120

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Supraglottic airway devices (SGA) are commonly used in pediatric anesthesia and serve as primary or back-up devices for difficult airway management. Most SGA are marketed without proper clinical evaluation. Th...

    Authors: Maren Kleine-Brueggeney, Anne Gottfried, Sabine Nabecker, Robert Greif, Malte Book and Lorenz Theiler

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:119

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The role of increased body mass index (BMI) in sepsis is controversial. We aimed to evaluate the associations between overweight (25 kg/m2 < BMI ≤ 29.9 kg/m2), obese (30 kg/m2 < BMI ≤ 39.9 kg/m2) and morbidly obe...

    Authors: Sicong Wang, Xu Liu, Qixing Chen, Can Liu, Changshun Huang and Xiangming Fang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:118

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  39. Content type: Research article

    The role of non-infective inflammatory response (IR) in the aetiology of postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is still controversial. The aim of this controlled, prospective observational study was to as...

    Authors: Endre Nemeth, Katalin Vig, Kristof Racz, Kinga B. Koritsanszky, Klara I. Ronkay, Fumiko P. Hamvas, Csaba Borbély, Ajandek Eory, Bela Merkely and Janos Gal

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:113

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  40. Content type: Case report

    Cor triloculare biventriculare accounts for approximately 0.31% of cases of congenital heart disease (CHD). Moreover, people with cor triloculare biventriculare always have shorter life spans, and cases of ges...

    Authors: Yuan Han, Zhenfeng Zhang, Qingchun Sun, Ke Ding, Liu Han, Mengmeng Dong, Yifan Xu and Lei Ge

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:115

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  41. Content type: Case report

    Mitochondria are the energy producing organelles practically in every human cell except erythrocytes. Indeed mitochondria are widespread in high energy requiring organs like brain, heart and muscles. Currently...

    Authors: Emmanuel Lilitsis, Elisavet Astyrakaki, Evaggelos Blevrakis, Sofia Xenaki, George Chalkiadakis and Emmanuel Chrysos

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:116

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Seizure duration in electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is positively related with patients’ outcome. This study sought to investigate the impact of anesthetic management on seizure duration, and the impact of sel...

    Authors: Alexander Tzabazis, Michaela E. Wiernik, Jan Wielopolski, Wolfgang Sperling, Harald Ihmsen, Hubert J. Schmitt and Tino Münster

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:114

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