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  1. Content type: Case report

    Severe deformity of the thoracolumbar spine may cause difficulty in airway management during induction of anesthesia. Therefore, special attention must be devoted to patient safety.

    Authors: Hyungmo Jeong, Minchul Chae, Hyungseok Seo, Jae-Woo Yi, Jong-Man Kang and Bong-Jae Lee

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:92

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Neuromuscular blocking drugs (NMBD) are administered intra-operatively to facilitate intubation and to achieve muscle relaxation for surgical procedures. Incomplete reversal of NMBD can lead to adverse events ...

    Authors: Khawaja Rashid Hafeez, Arvind Tuteja, Mandeep Singh, David T. Wong, Mahesh Nagappa, Frances Chung and Jean Wong

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:91

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Perioperative hyperglycemia and its associated increase in morbidity and mortality have been well studied in the critical care and cardiac surgery literature. However, there is little data regarding the impact...

    Authors: Amy M. Shanks, Derek T. Woodrum, Sathish S. Kumar, Darrell A. Campbell Jr and Sachin Kheterpal

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:90

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  4. Content type: Research article

    A major challenge in sepsis intervention is unclear risk stratification. We postulated that a panel of biomarkers of lymphocyte apoptosis and immune function, termed the “lymphocyte apoptosis model,” would be ...

    Authors: Wenqiang Jiang, Wenhong Zhong, Yiyu Deng, Chunbo Chen, Qiaosheng Wang, Maohua Zhou, Xusheng Li, Cheng Sun and Hongke Zeng

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:89

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Due to its potential beneficial effects, intra- and postoperative application of intravenous lidocaine has become increasingly accepted over the last couple of years, e.g. in patients undergoing laparoscopic s...

    Authors: Christian P. Both, Jörg Thomas, Philipp K. Bühler, Achim Schmitz, Markus Weiss and Tobias Piegeler

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:88

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Interleukin 2 (IL-2) influences the development and severity of pain due to its antinociceptive and immunomodulatory effects. Its production is influenced by the increased expression of c-Cbl (Casitas B-lineag...

    Authors: Ji Seon Jeong, Ha Yeon Kim, Byung Seop Shin, Ae Ryoung Lee, Ji Hyun Yoon, Tae Soo Hahm and Ja Eun Lee

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:87

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The main objective of this review is to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the existing evidence related to the analgesic efficacy with the use of conventional, upper arm intravenous regional ane...

    Authors: Valerie Dekoninck, Yasmine Hoydonckx, Marc Van de Velde, Jean-Paul Ory, Jasperina Dubois, Luc Jamaer, Hassanin Jalil and Björn Stessel

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:86

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Ketogenic diet (KD) and exogenous ketone supplements can evoke sustained ketosis, which may modulate sleep and sleep-like effects. However, no studies have been published examining the effect of ketosis on the...

    Authors: Csilla Ari, Zsolt Kovács, Cem Murdun, Andrew P. Koutnik, Craig R. Goldhagen, Christopher Rogers, David Diamond and Dominic P. D’Agostino

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:85

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Inhalation of sevoflurane can induce neuronal apoptosis, cognitive impairment and abnormal behaviors. Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can secret neurotrophic factors and cytokines to protect from oxi...

    Authors: Yanyong Cheng, Yunfeng Jiang, Lei Zhang, Jiayi Wang, Dongdong Chai, Rong Hu, Chunzhu Li, Yu Sun and Hong Jiang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:84

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Current pain assessment and treatment does not address every patient’s requirements. Although the Polish national guidelines for post-operative pain management have been published, many patients experience sev...

    Authors: Michał Borys, Klaudia Zyzak, Agata Hanych, Michał Domagała, Piotr Gałkin, Katarzyna Gałaszkiewicz, Agata Kłaput, Kai Wróblewski, Justyna Miękina, Dariusz Onichimowski and Mirosław Czuczwar

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:83

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Fentanyl and remifentanil are widely used opioids in surgery, but it has not been evaluated whether the choice of opioids during surgery affects the patients’ postoperative quality of recovery. Accordingly, we...

    Authors: Ayako Asakura, Takahiro Mihara and Takahisa Goto

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:81

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Management of a patient’s body temperature is an important aspect of care that should be addressed by targeted temperature management (TTM). Often, non-invasive methods like forced-air blankets are used. Espec...

    Authors: Jörg Peter, Kathrin Klingert, Wilfried Klingert, Karolin Thiel, Alfred Königsrainer, Christian Grasshoff, Wolfgang Rosenstiel and Martin Schenk

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:80

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Maternal early warning systems reduce maternal morbidity. We developed an electronic maternal surveillance system capable of visually summarizing the labor and delivery census and identifying changes in clinic...

    Authors: Thomas T. Klumpner, Joanna A. Kountanis, Elizabeth S. Langen, Roger D. Smith and Kevin K. Tremper

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:78

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Perioperative myocardial injury (PMI) is common in elective inpatient abdominal surgery and correlates with mortality risk. Simple measures for reducing PMI in this cohort are needed. This study evaluated whet...

    Authors: Stefan Samad Antonowicz, Davina Cavallaro, Nicola Jacques, Abby Brown, Tom Wiggins, James B. Haddow, Atul Kapila, Dominic Coull and Andrew Walden

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:76

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Acute liver injury in patients with ARDS decreases survival but early stages may be easily missed due to the lack of sufficient biomarkers signalling its onset. Accordingly, we tested in ARDS patients the hypo...

    Authors: Tim Rahmel, Katharina Rump, Michael Adamzik, Jürgen Peters and Ulrich H. Frey

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:75

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Studies have shown that dexmedetomidine (Dex) can prolong the duration of analgesia when added to local anaesthetic as an adjuvant in a central or peripheral nerve block. We hypothesized that intrathecal Dex c...

    Authors: Feng Xia, Xiangyang Chang, Yinfa Zhang, Lizhong Wang and Fei Xiao

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:74

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Short acting inhalational anesthetic (Desflurane) produces emergence agitation (EA) in pediatrics with an incidence up to 80%. The aim of the present study was to examine the role of Gabapentin oral solution i...

    Authors: Ahmed A. Badawy, Samaa A. Kasem, Doaa Rashwan, Tarek Al Menesy, Ghada Adel, Ali M. Mokhtar and Yasmin A. Badawy

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:73

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) requires pneumoperitoneum and the Trendelenburg position to optimize surgical exposure, which can increase intracranial pressure (ICP). Anesthetic agents also i...

    Authors: Jihion Yu, Jun Hyuk Hong, Jun-Young Park, Jai-Hyun Hwang, Seong-Sik Cho and Young-Kug Kim

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:72

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  19. Content type: Case report

    Acute liver failure (ALF) is a life-threatening entity particularly when infectious complications worsen the clinical course. Urgent liver transplantation (LT) is frequently the only curative treatment. Howeve...

    Authors: Matthias Buechter, Guido Gerken, Dieter P. Hoyer, Stefanie Bertram, Jens M. Theysohn, Viktoria Thodou and Alisan Kahraman

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:71

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Acute ethanol intoxication has been shown to have contrasting effects on outcomes in sepsis. The aim of this study was to explore the effects of acute ethanol intoxication on hemodynamics, renal function, brai...

    Authors: Koji Hosokawa, Fuhong Su, Fabio Silvio Taccone, Emiel Hendrik Post, Jacques Creteur and Jean-Louis Vincent

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:70

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) can be measured by several indirect methods; however, the urinary bladder is largely preferred. The aim of this study was to compare intra-bladder pressure (IBP) at different lev...

    Authors: Abdulla Ahmed Al-Abassi, Azan Saleh Al Saadi and Faisal Ahmed

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:69

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  22. Content type: Research article

    ABO-incompatible living-donor kidney transplantation (LDKT) requires immunotherapy and plasma exchange therapy (PEX). PEX with albumin replacement fluid reportedly decreases fibrinogen levels. However, no repo...

    Authors: Kazuhiro Shirozu, Naoyuki Fujimura, Yuji Karashima, Mizuko Ikeda, Hidehisa Kitada, Yasuhiro Okabe, Kei Kurihara, Tomoko Henzan and Sumio Hoka

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:68

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  23. Content type: Research article

    To investigate the effect of paravertebral dexmedetomidine as an adjuvant to ropivacaine on independent lung injury during one-lung ventilation.

    Authors: Wei Zhang, Shanfeng Zhang, Bing Li, Mingyang Sun and Jiaqiang Zhang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:67

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  24. Content type: Research article

    It is unknown to what extent hypotension frequently observed following administration of propofol for induction of general anesthesia is caused by overdosing propofol. Unlike clinical signs, electroencephalon-...

    Authors: Dirk Rüsch, Christian Arndt, Leopold Eberhart, Scarlett Tappert, Dennis Nageldick and Hinnerk Wulf

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:66

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  25. Content type: Research article

    In the course of neurological early rehabilitation, decannulation is attempted in tracheotomized patients after weaning due to its considerable prognostic significance. We aimed to identify predictors of a suc...

    Authors: Maria-Dorothea Heidler, Annett Salzwedel, Michael Jöbges, Olaf Lück, Christian Dohle, Michael Seifert, Andrea von Helden, Wibke Hollweg and Heinz Völler

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:65

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Enhanced recovery after surgery programs may improve recovery and reduce duration of hospital stay after joint replacement surgery. However, uptake is incomplete, and the relative importance of program compone...

    Authors: Nicole Lay Tin Tan, Justin Lindley Hunt and Stella May Gwini

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:64

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  27. Content type: Research article

    The bone cement implantation syndrome (BCIS) is a frequent and potentially disastrous intraoperative complication in patients undergoing cemented hip arthroplasty. Several risk factors have been identified, ho...

    Authors: Kai B. Kaufmann, Wolfgang Baar, Judith Rexer, Thomas Loeffler, Sebastian Heinrich, Lukas Konstantinidis, Hartmut Buerkle and Ulrich Goebel

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:63

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Spinal block is a common procedure for lower limbs surgery. Fentanyl, a synthetic opioid and dexmedetomidine, a selective α2 agonist have been used as adjuvants in spinal anesthesia to prolong intraoperative a...

    Authors: Poupak Rahimzadeh, Seyed Hamid Reza Faiz, Farnad Imani, Pooya Derakhshan and Saeed Amniati

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:62

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Contribution of the small intestine to systemic inflammation after cardiac arrest (CA) is poorly understood. The objective was to evaluate whether an in vivo rat model of 6 min CA is suitable to initiate intes...

    Authors: Daniel C. Schroeder, Alexandra C. Maul, Esther Mahabir, Isabell Koxholt, Xiaowei Yan, Stephan A. Padosch, Holger Herff, Insa Bultmann-Mellin, Anja Sterner-Kock, Thorsten Annecke, Tim Hucho, Bernd W. Böttiger and Maria Guschlbauer

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:61

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  30. Content type: Case report

    In order to reduce the irritation of the airway during tracheobronchial foreign body (TFB) removal, tracheal surface anesthesia is usually performed using a laryngotracheal topical anesthesia (LTA) kit (LTA20,...

    Authors: Xi-Yang Zhang, Yun Han, Ya-Bing Zhang, Ke-Xuan Liu and Bin Liu

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:60

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Arytenoid dislocation (AD) is a rare but severe complication after general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation. We conducted a case-control study at Peking Union Medical College Hospital to identify risk f...

    Authors: Lingeer Wu, Le Shen, Yuelun Zhang, Xiuhua Zhang and Yuguang Huang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:59

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  32. Content type: Correction

    Unfortunately, after publication of this article [1], it was noticed that the name of Ashraf A. Dahaba is incorrectly displayed as Ashraf Dahaba. The full, corrected author list can be seen here.

    Authors: D. John Doyle, Ashraf A. Dahaba and Yannick LeManach

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:58

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    The original article was published in BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:39

  33. Content type: Case report

    Poland syndrome is a rare congenital disease, characterized by agenesis/hypoplasia of the pectoralis major muscle, usually associated with variable thoracic anomalies that needed chest wall reconstruction unde...

    Authors: Lingli Gui, Shiqian Shen and Wei Mei

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:57

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies have shown that sugammadex resulted in the prolongation of prothrombin time and activated partial thromboplastin time. In this study, we aimed to investigate the in vitro effects of exogenous ...

    Authors: Il Ok Lee, Young Sung Kim, Hae Wone Chang, Heezoo Kim, Byung Gun Lim and Mido Lee

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:56

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Functional hemodynamic parameters such as stroke volume and pulse pressure variation (SVV and PPV) have been shown to be reliable predictors of fluid responsiveness in mechanically ventilated patients. Today, ...

    Authors: Michael T. Ganter, Martin Geisen, Sonja Hartnack, Omer Dzemali and Christoph K. Hofer

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:55

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  36. Content type: Research article

    The association of troponin-I levels and outcome in medical-surgical ICU patients has been studied before in populations with low to moderate prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors. The objective in this ar...

    Authors: Abdulaleem Alatassi, Mohamad Habbal, Hani Tamim, Musharaf Sadat, Eman Al Qasim and Yaseen M. Arabi

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:54

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  37. Content type: Research article

    While opioids are the mainstay for post-operative analgesia after lower segment caesarean section, they are associated with various untoward effects. Ultrasound guided transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block h...

    Authors: Ashok Jadon, Priyanka Jain, Swastika Chakraborty, Mayur Motaka, Sudhansu Sekhar Parida, Neelam Sinha, Amit Agrawal and Asit Kumar Pati

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:53

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Ketamine and hyperoxia are widely used in obstetric and pediatric settings. Either ketamine or hyperoxia has been reported to cause neuroapoptosis in the developing brain, and ketamine-induced neuronal apoptos...

    Authors: Changyi Wu, Jun Wang, Xiangyang Guo and Ying Zhang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:52

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Intra-articular local anaesthetics are widely used for providing postoperative analgesia and decreasing the need for opioids. Procaine has proven positive effects in carpal tunnel syndrome and chondromalacia p...

    Authors: Aysun Ankay Yilbas, Basak Akca, Berkem Buyukakkus, Elham Bahador Zirh, Dilara Zeybek, Filiz Uzumcugil and Fatma Saricaoglu

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:51

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Epidural analgesia is a popular choice for labour pain relief. Patient satisfaction is an important patient-centric outcome because it can significantly influence both mother and child. However, there is limit...

    Authors: Daryl Jian An Tan, Rehena Sultana, Nian Lin Reena Han, Alex Tiong Heng Sia and Ban Leong Sng

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:50

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Patients undergoing abdominal surgery for solid tumours frequently develop major postoperative complications, which negatively affect quality of life, costs of care and survival. Few studies have identified th...

    Authors: Claudia M. Simões, Maria J. C. Carmona, Ludhmila A. Hajjar, Jean-Louis Vincent, Giovanni Landoni, Alessandro Belletti, Joaquim E. Vieira, Juliano P. de Almeida, Elisangela P. de Almeida, Ulysses Ribeiro Jr, Ana L. Kauling, Celso Tutyia, Lie Tamaoki, Julia T. Fukushima and José O. C. Auler Jr

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:49

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  42. Content type: Research article

    There is increasing interest in whether anesthetic agents affect the risk or progression of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). To mitigate many of the methodological issues encountered in human retrospective cohort stu...

    Authors: Adele Woodhouse, Carmen Maria Fernandez-Martos, Rachel Alice Kathryn Atkinson, Kelsey Anne Hanson, Jessica Marie Collins, Aidan Ryan O’Mara, Nico Terblanche, Marcus Welby Skinner, James Clement Vickers and Anna Elizabeth King

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:47

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Bacterial translocation (BT) has been proposed as a trigger for stimulation of the immune system with consequent hemodynamic alteration in patients with liver cirrhosis. However, no information is available re...

    Authors: Heba A. Moharem, Fawzia Aboul Fetouh, Hamed M. Darwish, Doaa Ghaith, Mohamed Elayashy, Amr Hussein, Riham Elsayed, Mohammad M. Khalil, Amr Abdelaal, Mahmoud ElMeteini and Ahmed Mukhtar

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:46

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  44. Content type: Case report

    Hypoglycemia is one of the most fatal complications during the perioperative period. General anesthesia or sedation can mask a hypoglycemia-altered mental status. Acute hypoglycemia might result in permanent b...

    Authors: Chunhua Xi, Chuxiong Pan and Tianzuo Li

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:45

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Dexmedetomidine (DEX) has sedative, sympatholytic and analgesic effects and might be beneficial if used as an adjuvant to: improve analgesia; modulate haemodynamic responses to intubation and pneumoperitoneum ...

    Authors: Kateryna Bielka, Iurii Kuchyn, Volodymyr Babych, Kseniia Martycshenko and Oleksii Inozemtsev

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:44

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Despite risks, complications and negative impact to quality of life, tracheostomy is widely used to bypass upper airway obstruction after major oral cancer surgery (MOCS). Decision to tracheostomy is frequentl...

    Authors: Axel Schmutz, Rolf Dieterich, Johannes Kalbhenn, Pit Voss, Torsten Loop and Sebastian Heinrich

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:43

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