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  1. The relationship between intraoperative low bispectral index (BIS) values and poor clinical outcomes has been controversial. Intraoperative hypotension is associated with postoperative complication. The purpos...

    Authors: Soohyuk Yoon, Seokha Yoo, Min Hur, Sun-Kyung Park, Hyung-Chul Lee, Chul-Woo Jung, Jae-Hyon Bahk and Jin-Tae Kim

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:200

    Content type: Research article

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  2. α-receptor agonists have been reported to be safe and effective for treating or preventing spinal-induced hypotension during cesarean delivery. As a pure α1 adrenergic agonist, methoxamine has potential advantage...

    Authors: Feng Fu, Yu-wen Tang, Hong Chen, Cui-cui Jiao, Na Ma and Xin-zhong Chen

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:198

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Rectus sheath block (RSB) is known to attenuate postoperative pain and reduce perioperative opioid consumption. Thus, a retrospective study was performed to examine the effects of bilateral rectus sheath block...

    Authors: Shaoheng Wang, Pengfei Liu, Teng Gao, Lei Guan and Tianzuo Li

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:197

    Content type: Research article

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  4. In morbidly obese patients undergoing laparoscopic bariatric surgery, the combination of obesity-related comorbidities, pneumoperitoneum and extreme posture changes constitutes a high risk of perioperative hem...

    Authors: Ulf Lorenzen, Markus Pohlmann, Jonathan Hansen, Phil Klose, Matthias Gruenewald, Jochen Renner and Gunnar Elke

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:196

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Propofol sedation is effective for gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures, but its narrow therapeutic window highlights the importance of identifying an optimal administration technique regarding effectiveness...

    Authors: María E. García Guzzo, María S. Fernandez, Delfina Sanchez Novas, Sandra S. Salgado, Sergio A. Terrasa, Gonzalo Domenech and Carlos A. Teijido

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:195

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Hyperthermia is relatively rare during general anesthesia; however, a few studies have been conducted on hyperthermia and the neuromuscular blockade (NMB) induced by rocuronium, and the reversal of NMB by suga...

    Authors: Jin Sun Kim, Young Mu Kim, Ha Jung Kim, Jae Moon Choi, Yong Beom Kim, Jae Seok Song and Hong Seuk Yang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:194

    Content type: Research article

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  7. There is no consensus on whether intraoperative hypotension is associated with postoperative cognitive impairment. Hence, we performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the correlation of intraoperative hypotension ...

    Authors: Xiaojin Feng, Jialing Hu, Fuzhou Hua, Jing Zhang, Lieliang Zhang and Guohai Xu

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:193

    Content type: Research article

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  8. N-terminal pro brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and troponin T are released during myocardial wall stress and/or ischemia and are strong predictors for postoperative cardiovascular complications. However,...

    Authors: Christian Reiterer, Barbara Kabon, Alexander Taschner, Oliver Zotti, Andrea Kurz and Edith Fleischmann

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:192

    Content type: Research article

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  9. In the practice of postoperative pain management, pain is still poorly managed in low resource setting where the practice of epidural and opioid free analgesia is impractical. There has been a recent trend of ...

    Authors: Zemedu Aweke, Fetene Seyoum, Tewoderos Shitemaw and Derartu Neme Doba

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:191

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The efficacy and safety of spinal anesthesia by intrathecal dexmedetomidine (DEX) for parturients undergoing cesarean section are still lack of evidence. This aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy and ...

    Authors: Xiao-xiao Li, Yu-mei Li, Xue-li Lv, Xing-he Wang and Su Liu

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:190

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Preexisting cognitive impairment is emerging as a predictor of poor postoperative outcomes in seniors. Nevertheless, cognitive impairment in a large proportion of geriatric patients has not been well identifie...

    Authors: Shuyuan Gan, Yang Yu, Jiateng Wu, Xiaodong Tang, Yueying Zheng, Mingcang Wang and Shengmei Zhu

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:189

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Long-term mechanical ventilation with hyperoxia can induce lung injury. General anesthesia is associated with a very high incidence of hyperoxaemia, despite it usually lasts for a relatively short period of ti...

    Authors: Xiao-Xia Wang, Xiao-Lan Sha, Yu-Lan Li, Chun-Lan Li, Su-Heng Chen, Jing-Jing Wang and Zhengyuan Xia

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:188

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The pathogenesis of Parkinson’s disease (PD) involves degeneration of dopaminergic neurons, which is influenced by innate and adaptive immunity. IL-17 is a characteristic cytokine secreted by Th17 cells, which...

    Authors: Won Jung Hwang, Min A. Joo and Jin Joo

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:187

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Tracheal extubation is commonly performed in the supine position. However, in patients undergoing abdominal surgery, the supine position increases abdominal wall tension, especially during coughing and deep br...

    Authors: Qiongfang Zhu, Zheyan Huang, Qiaomei Ma, Zehui Wu, Yubo Kang, Miaoyin Zhang, Tiantian Gan, Minxue Wang and Fei Huang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:185

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The 4th National Audit Project of The Royal College of Anaesthetists and The Difficult Airway Society (NAP4) reported a higher incidence of supraglottic airway device (SAD) related pulmonary aspiration in obes...

    Authors: Ina Ismiarti Shariffuddin, Sook Hui Chaw, Ling Wei Ng, Ching Hooi Lim, Mohd Fitry Zainal Abidin, Wan A. Wan Zakaria and Wendy H. Teoh

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:184

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Ultrasonography has been used to predict the necessary endotracheal tube (ETT) size by measuring the cricoid cartilage diameter. The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy of ultrasound to predict ETT...

    Authors: Jianhong Hao, Jie Zhang, Buhuai Dong and Zhenguo Luo

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:183

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a life-threatening condition and the identification of the underlying direct (pulmonary) or indirect (non-pulmonary) cause is mandatory for a successful treatment....

    Authors: Nils Theuerkauf, Tobias Weismüller, Carsten Weißbrich, Jens-Christian Schewe, Christian Putensen and Christian Bode

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:182

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Individualized fluid management (IFM) has been shown to be useful to improve the postoperative outcome of patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. A limited number of clinical studies have been done in ort...

    Authors: Lu Che, Xiu H. Zhang, Xu Li, Yue L. Zhang, Li Xu and Yu G. Huang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:181

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The ideal fraction of nitrous oxide (N2O) in oxygen (O2) for rapid lung collapse remains unclear. Accordingly, this prospective trial aimed to determine the 50% effective concentration (EC50) and 95% effective co...

    Authors: Chao Liang, Yuechang Lv, Yu Shi, Jing Cang and Changhong Miao

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:180

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Intraoperative mechanical ventilation may influence postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs). Current practice during thoracic surgery is not well described.

    Authors: Christopher Uhlig, Ary Serpa Neto, Meta van der Woude, Thomas Kiss, Jakob Wittenstein, Benjamin Shelley, Helen Scholes, Michael Hiesmayr, Marcos Francisco Vidal Melo, Daniele Sances, Nesil Coskunfirat, Paolo Pelosi, Marcus Schultz and Marcelo Gama de Abreu

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:179

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Sugammadex reduces postoperative complications. We sought to determine whether it could reduce the length of hospital stay, post-anesthetic recovery time, unplanned readmission, and charges for patients who un...

    Authors: Byung-Hun Min, Tak Kyu Oh, In-Ae Song and Young-Tae Jeon

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:178

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Since blood pressure tends to be unstable during induction of anesthesia in patients undergoing cardiovascular surgery, an artery catheter is often inserted before induction to continuously monitor arterial pr...

    Authors: Tadashi Tanioku, Akari Yoshida, Yuichi Aratani, Keisuke Fujii and Tomoyuki Kawamata

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:176

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Oral hydration has typically not been administered for between 4 and 6 h postoperative for children’s safety in China. But children are more likely to suffer from apnea, crying and agitation, wound bleeding, a...

    Authors: Xiaorong Yin, Xiaoqi Zeng, Ting Wang, Binbin Dong, Menghang Wu, Anna Jia and Ling Ye

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:174

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Although the intraoperative alveolar recruitment maneuver (RM) efficiently treats atelectasis, the effect of Fio2 on atelectasis during RM is uncertain. We hypothesized that a high Fio2 (1.0) during RM would lead...

    Authors: Bo Rim Kim, Seohee Lee, Hansu Bae, Minkyoo Lee, Jae-Hyon Bahk and Susie Yoon

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:173

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Local anesthetic wound infusion has become an invaluable technique in multimodal analgesia. The effectiveness of wound infusion of 0.2% ropivacaine delivered by patient controlled analgesia (PCA) pump has not ...

    Authors: Gordan Mijovski, Matej Podbregar, Juš Kšela, Matej Jenko and Maja Šoštarič

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:172

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The objectives of the present study was to evaluate the effect of fluid challenge (FC) on ventriculo-arterial (V-A) coupling, its determinants: arterial elastance and ventricular elastance, and ability to pred...

    Authors: Pierre Huette, Osama Abou-Arab, Dan Longrois and Pierre-Grégoire Guinot

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:171

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The laryngeal mask airway (LMA) is occasionally used in internal fixation of rib fractures. We evaluated the feasibility of general anesthesia with an LMA associated to a thoracic paravertebral block (TPB) and...

    Authors: Jun Cao, Xiaoyun Gao, Xiaoli Zhang, Jing Li and Junfeng Zhang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:170

    Content type: Technical advance

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  28. In the previous randomized controlled trial by our research group, we evaluated the effect of remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) in 130 patients (65 per arm) on acute kidney injury (AKI) within 7 days of o...

    Authors: Yimeng Chen, Guyan Wang, Hui Zhou, Lijing Yang, Congya Zhang, Xiying Yang and Guiyu Lei

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:169

    Content type: Research article

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  29. YouTube™ (“YouTube”) is often used as an educational tool to instruct anesthesia providers on regional anesthesia nerve blocks. However, there is no current objective standard to assess the educational quality...

    Authors: George L. Tewfik, Adam N. Work, Steven M. Shulman and Patrick Discepola

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:168

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Individualized treatment is a common principle in hospitals. Treatment decisions are made based on the patient’s condition, including comorbidities. This principle is equally relevant out-of-hospital. Furtherm...

    Authors: Kristin Tønsager, Marius Rehn, Andreas J. Krüger, Jo Røislien and Kjetil G. Ringdal

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:167

    Content type: Research article

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  31. To investigate the effect of intravenous injection of dexmedetomidine combined with parecoxib sodium on sedation and anxiety and stress response of tracheal intubation in patients undergoing functional endosco...

    Authors: Xiaoxia Gu, Xiujuan Tan, Jinxian Chen, Jingjing Wang, Yue Lu and Liangqing Zhang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:166

    Content type: Research article

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  32. This study analyzed remnant kidney function recovery in living donors after laparoscopic nephrectomy to establish a risk stratification model for delayed recovery and further investigated clinically modifiable...

    Authors: Jaesik Park, Minju Kim, Yong Hyun Park, Misun Park, Jung-Woo Shim, Hyung Mook Lee, Yong-Suk Kim, Young Eun Moon, Sang Hyun Hong and Min Suk Chae

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:165

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Embolic stroke is a common complication of atrial myxoma, whereas multiple cerebral aneurysms associated with atrial myxoma is rare. The pathogenesis of the cerebral vascular disease related to an atrial myxom...

    Authors: Ran Zhang, Zhiyu Tang, Qing Qiao, Feroze Mahmood and Yi Feng

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:164

    Content type: Case report

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  34. A mouth gag is usually used during tonsillectomy and adenotonsillectomy surgeries, cleft palate repair, obstructive sleep apnea surgery, and intraoral tumor excision. The placement of the gag causes hemodynami...

    Authors: Başak Altiparmak, Melike Korkmaz Toker, Ali İhsan Uysal, Sabri Köseoğlu and Semra Gümüş Demirbilek

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:163

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The choice of anesthesia technique remains debatable in patients undergoing surgical repair of hip fracture. This meta-analysis was performed to compare the effect of neuraxial (epidural/spinal) versus general...

    Authors: Xinxun Zheng, Yuming Tan, Yuan Gao and Zhiheng Liu

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:162

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Ossification of the anterior longitudinal ligament (OALL) of the cervical spine is a common, but rarely symptomatic, condition mostly observed in the geriatric population. Although the condition usually requir...

    Authors: Min Xu, Yue Liu, Jing Yang, Hao Liu and Chen Ding

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:161

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Intraoperative hypotension is associated with increased morbidity and mortality after surgery. We hypothesized that intraoperative hypotension might also be associated with worse long-term survival after cance...

    Authors: Wen-Wen Huang, Wen-Zhi Zhu, Dong-Liang Mu, Xin-Qiang Ji, Xue-Ying Li, Daqing Ma and Dong-Xin Wang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:160

    Content type: Research article

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  38. For infants undergoing complex cardiac surgery, hemodynamic management after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is challenging because of severe myocardial edema, vasomotor dysfunction and weak tolerance to a change...

    Authors: Xuechao Hao and Wei Wei

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:159

    Content type: Case report

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  39. The control of endothelial progenitor cells (CD133+/CD34+ EPCs) migrating from bone marrow to peripheral blood is not completely understood. Emerging evidence suggests that stromal cell-derived factor-1α (SDF-...

    Authors: Antonella Cotoia, Olga Cela, Gaetano Palumbo, Sabrina Altamura, Flavia Marchese, Nicoletta Mangialetto, Daniela La Bella, Vincenzo Lizzi, Nazzareno Capitanio and Gilda Cinnella

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:158

    Content type: Research article

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  40. In women presenting for caesarean section under spinal anesthesia, continuous measurement of circulatory aspects, such as blood pressure and cardiac output, is often needed. At present, invasive techniques are...

    Authors: Ivar N. Omenås, Christian Tronstad and Leiv Arne Rosseland

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:157

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Awake craniotomy requires specific sedation procedure in an awake patient who should be able to cooperate during the intraoperative neurological assessment. Currently, limited number of literatures on the appl...

    Authors: Ping Yi, Qiong Li, Zhoujing Yang, Li Cao, Xiaobing Hu and Huahua Gu

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:156

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Major abdominal surgery is associated with endothelial glycocalyx disruption. The anti-inflammatory effects of lidocaine were recently associated with endothelial barrier protection.

    Authors: Marco Pustetto, Nicolas Goldsztejn, Karim Touihri, Edgard Engelman, Brigitte Ickx and Luc Van Obbergh

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:155

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Sufentanil is one of the opioids currently used to induce general anesthesia, and cough is one of the most common complications. Many drugs have been used to prevent sufentanil-induced cough (SIC), and dezocin...

    Authors: Zhencheng Xiong, Ping Yi, Jipeng Song and Mingsheng Tan

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:154

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Peripheral perfusion index (PPI) is an indicator reflecting perfusion. Patients undergoing long time surgeries are more prone to hypoperfusion and increased lactate. Few studies focusing on investigating the a...

    Authors: Xinge Shi, Ming Xu, Xu Yu and Yibin Lu

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:153

    Content type: Research article

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  45. After prehospital insertion of i-gel, a popular supraglottic airway (SGA), fiberoptic-guided intubation through i-gel is often required to switch the i-gel to a definitive airway for anticipated difficult airw...

    Authors: Yun Jeong Chae, Heirim Lee, Bokyeong Jun and In Kyong Yi

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:152

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Endotracheal intubation requires optimum position of the head and neck. In obese females, the usual ramped position might not provide adequate intubating conditions. We hypothesized that a new position, termed...

    Authors: Ahmed Hasanin, Hager Tarek, Maha M. A. Mostafa, Amany Arafa, Ahmed G. Safina, Mona H. Elsherbiny, Osama Hosny, Ahmed A. Gado, Tarek Almenesey, Ghada Adel Hamden, Mohamed Mahmoud and Sarah Amin

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:151

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Double-lumen tube (DLT) intubation is necessary for thoracic surgery and other operations with the need for lung separation. However, DLT insertion is complex and might result in airway trauma. A new videolary...

    Authors: Joachim Risse, Ann-Kristin Schubert, Thomas Wiesmann, Ansgar Huelshoff, David Stay, Michael Zentgraf, Andreas Kirschbaum, Hinnerk Wulf, Carsten Feldmann and Karl Matteo Meggiolaro

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:150

    Content type: Research article

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