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Table 1 Characteristics of parturient women included in the study

From: Epidural analgesia information sessions provided by anesthetic nurses: impact on satisfaction and anxiety of parturient women a prospective sequential study

  Period 1 Period 2 P value
n = 178 n = 188
Age, years 31.6 (29.0–35.0) 32.2 (28.1–35.2) 0.65
Gravida 2 (1–2) 1 (1–2) 0.21
Parity 0 (0–1) 0 (0–1) 0.83
Multipara, n (%) 86 (48%) 88 (47%) 0.83
Previous epidural analgesia in multiparous women, n (%) 72 (84%) 79 (90%) 0.27
Satisfaction of previous epidural analgesia, yes/no 61/11 61/18 0.30
Socio-professional grade, n (%)
 Non-working 44 (25%) 56 (30%)  
 Students 9 (5%) 8 (4%)  
 Workers 0 (0%) 0 (0%)  
 Employees 49 (27%) 50 (27%) 0.92
 Craftsman, merchant, self-employed 12 (7%) 11 (6%)  
 Middle class, intermediate profession 41 (23%) 38 (20%)  
 Upper Class 23 (13%) 25 (13%)  
Childbirth preparation classes following, n (%) 86 (48%) 84 (45%) 0.53
Pre-eclampsia 7 (4%) 4 (2%) 0.37
Twin pregnancy 2 (1%) 0 (0%) 0.24
Preterm birth 4 (2%) 4 (2%) 0.99
Complicated vaginal delivery
 Instrumental vaginal delivery 26 (15%) 28 (15%) 0.99
 Episiotomy 26 (15%) 16 (9%) 0.07
 Perineal tear 74 (42%) 102 (54%) 0.02
 Manual uterine exploration 16 (9%) 19 (10%) 0.73
Conversion to caesarean section 37 (21%) 30 (16%) 0.28
Post-partum hemorrhage
 Immediate 8 (4%) 10 (5%) 0.83
 Delayed 2 (1%) 2 (1%)
Fetal distress during delivery
 Fetal heart rate abnormalities 35 (20%) 41 (22%) 0.70
 Meconium-stained amniotic fluid 23 (13%) 22 (12%) 0.75
 New-born resuscitation 0 (0%) 0 (0%) -
  1. Continuous variables are reported as median (25th-75th percentile). Distributions were compared between the two periods with the chi-square or Fisher exact test, as appropriate, for qualitative variables and with the Mann–Whitney-Wilcoxon test for continuous variables