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Call for papers: Acute care anesthesiology

Guest editors:

Athanasios Chalkias, University of Thessaly, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Anesthesiology, Larisa, Greece

Vladimir Cerny, Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative Medicine and Intensive Care, J.E. Purkinje University, Masaryk Hospital, Usti nad Labem, Czech Republic; Department of Anesthesia, Pain Management and Perioperative Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada

Anesthesiology has greatly evolved during the past decade, changing from a specialty consisting of taking care of patients in the operating room to a specialty that requires expertise in all aspects of perioperative medicine. This is most important for emergency cases, which represent a significant proportion of the surgical operations worldwide. Nevertheless, emergency surgery in critically ill patients continues to be associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality.

The nature of critical illness or injury and the significant costs required to treat these patients challenge both health care providers and health systems. The perioperative management of critically ill patients may be demanding due to the diminished physiological reserve and comorbidities, the systemic response to surgery, the administration of anesthetics, and/or the available resources. All these have significant implications on treatment strategy and optimal care necessitates a fully controlled environment with optimally trained and motivated personnel.  

Acute Care Anesthesiology focuses on the perioperative management of extremely critically ill patients and the early provision of individualized, goal-directed perioperative treatment. The preoperative period begins with the alert of the acute care anesthesiologist who provides expert individualized vital function support in the Emergency Department or the Ward, aiming at an ideal preoperative management and determining when the patient is optimized for surgery. Then, the individualized resuscitation efforts continue in the Operating Room, addressing the unique needs of the patient and managing any unpredictable events. After the end of emergency surgery, the acute care anesthesiologist is the most suitable individual for providing early postoperative critical care due to the familiarization with the patient's physiological status and his/her response to treatment.

In order to explore the interests of our audience, and to make our colleagues in the field aware, BMC Anesthesiology is pleased to launch a thematic series dedicated to Acute Care Anesthesiology. The principle motivation of this series is to further expand the role of anesthesiologist into the state-of-the-art perioperative resuscitation. We especially welcome submissions from centres or individuals whose findings have the potential to significantly improve the perioperative management of extremely critically ill patients. Topics include: i) preoperative management in the Emergency Department or the Ward and optimization of physiology for emergency/acute care surgery (e.g. emergency airway management, advanced cardiac life support, trauma resuscitation, permissive hypotension, pre-warming, lung-protective mechanical ventilation, etc..); ii) intraoperative resuscitation (fluid management, arrhythmias, multiple organ failure, invasive and non-invasive monitoring, lung-protective ventilation, massive transfusion, coagulation disorders, drugs, hemodynamics, microcirculation, temperature management, non-technical skills, etc.); iii) early and late postoperative critical care in the Postanesthesia Care Unit or the Intensive Care Unit, respectively. We hope that beyond the state-of-art, this thematic series will also stimulate high-quality research that will improve the perioperative management and resuscitation of extremely critically ill patients.

Please submit directly to BMC Anesthesiology, stating in your cover letter that it is for the “Acute Care Anesthesiology” thematic series. Alternatively, you can email your pre-submission queries to the Editor of BMC Anesthesiology at

  1. Our primary objective was to explore the association between estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and all-cause mortality in acute pancreatitis (AP) admission to intensive care units.

    Authors: Fang Gong, Quan Zhou, Chunmei Gui and Shaohua Huang
    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2023 23:121
  2. Propofol is an intravenous (IV) anesthetic medication widely used for procedural sedation, operative anesthesia, and in intensive care unit (ICU), but the incidence of pain during IV infusion can reach 28–90%....

    Authors: Meiyun Tan, Chunyuan Zhang, Wei Zeng, Maofang Chen, Zehui Huang and Ding Huang
    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2022 22:368
  3. The study aimed at exploring an optimal temperature model of forced air warming during the first hour after induction and intraoperation to prevent hyperthermia for elderly patients undergoing laparoscopic abd...

    Authors: Jingyu Wang, Ping Fang, Gangqiang Sun and Ming Li
    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2022 22:40
  4. COVID-19 can induce acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). In patients with congenital heart disease, established treatment strategies are often limited due to their unique cardiovascular anatomy and pass...

    Authors: Götz Schmidt, Christian Koch, Matthias Wolff and Michael Sander
    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:280
  5. Multifunction surveillance alerting systems have been found to be beneficial for the operating room and labor and delivery. This paper describes a similar system developed for in-hospital acute care environmen...

    Authors: Douglas A. Colquhoun, Ryan P. Davis, Theodore T. Tremper, Jenny J. Mace, Jan M. Gombert, William D. Sheldon, Joseph J. Connolly, Justin F. Adams and Kevin K. Tremper
    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:196
  6. Central venous catheters (CVCs) play an important role during cardiac surgery. Topical tissue adhesives form a thin film of coating that becomes bound to keratin in the epidermis. The advantage of this “super ...

    Authors: Naruemol Prachanpanich, Sunthiti Morakul and Napanont Kiatmongkolkul
    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:70
  7. Surgical-related inflammatory responses have negative effects on postoperative recovery. Intravenous (IV) lidocaine and dexmedetomidine inhibits the inflammatory response. We investigated whether the co-admini...

    Authors: Siqi Xu, Shenghong Hu, Xia Ju, Yuanhai Li, Qing Li and Shengbin Wang
    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:3
  8. We explored the analgesic outcomes on postoperative day (POD) 1 in patients undergoing robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) who received intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV-PCA), rectus sh...

    Authors: Jung-Woo Shim, Yun Jeong Cho, Minhee Kim, Sang Hyun Hong, Hyong Woo Moon, Sung Hoo Hong and Min Suk Chae
    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:291

    The Correspondence to this article has been published in BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:81

    The Correspondence to this article has been published in BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:82

  9. Enhancing postoperative recovery of the donor is important to encourage living kidney donation. We investigated the effects of anesthetic agents (intravenous [IV] propofol versus inhaled [IH] sevoflurane) on t...

    Authors: Sangbin Han, Jaesik Park, Sang Hyun Hong, Soojin Lim, Yong Hyun Park and Min Suk Chae
    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:273
  10. The prognosis of hospitalized patients after emergent endotracheal intubation (ETI) remains poor. Our aim was to evaluate the 30-d hospitalization mortality of subjects undergoing ETI during daytime or off-hou...

    Authors: Jun-Le Liu, Jian-Wen Jin, Zhong-Meng Lai, Jie-Bo Wang, Jian-Sheng Su, Guo-Hua Wu, Wen-Hua Chen and Liang-Cheng Zhang
    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:265
  11. Most trauma patients admitted to the hospital alive and die later on, decease during the initial care in the emergency department or the intensive care unit (ICU). However, a number of patients pass away after...

    Authors: Uwe Hamsen, Niklas Drotleff, Rolf Lefering, Julius Gerstmeyer, Thomas Armin Schildhauer and Christian Waydhas
    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:243

    The Review to this article has been published in BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:42

    The Correspondence to this article has been published in BMC Anesthesiology 2021 21:40

  12. The peri-operative effectiveness of ultrasound-guided great auricular nerve block (GANB) in patients, especially in adult patients undergoing middle ear microsurgery remains unclear. We hypothesized that ultra...

    Authors: Jinsheng Liu, Kezhi Yuan, Hongling Zhou, Li Li, Guyan Wang and Tianzuo Li
    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:234
  13. Our study aimed to test the hypothesis that the addition of intrathecal morphine (ITM) results in reduced postoperative opioid use and enhanced postoperative analgesia in patients undergoing open liver resecti...

    Authors: Jefferson Tang, Leonid Churilov, Chong Oon Tan, Raymond Hu, Brett Pearce, Luka Cosic, Christopher Christophi and Laurence Weinberg
    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:207
  14. Abnormal laryngeal structures are likely to be associated with a difficult laryngoscopy procedure. Currently, laryngeal structures can be measured by ultrasonography, however, little research has been performe...

    Authors: Hongwei Ni, Chunming Guan, Guangbao He, Yang Bao, Dongping Shi and Yijun Zhu
    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:134
  15. Preventing the frequent perioperative hypothermia incidents that occur during elective caesarean deliveries would be beneficial. This trial aimed at evaluating the effect of preoperative forced-air warming alo...

    Authors: Ting-ting Ni, Zhen-feng Zhou, Bo He and Qing-he Zhou
    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:48
  16. This study were designed to investigate the usefulness of the videolaryngoscope-guided insertion technique compared with the standard digital technique for the insertion success rate and insertion conditions o...

    Authors: Ulku Ozgul, Feray Akgul Erdil, Mehmet Ali Erdogan, Zekine Begec, Cemil Colak, Aytac Yucel and Mahmut Durmus
    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:244
  17. The endothelial glycocalyx (EG) is the thin sugar-based lining on the apical surface of endothelial cells. It has been linked to the physiological functioning of the microcirculation and has been found to be d...

    Authors: David Astapenko, Jan Benes, Jiri Pouska, Christian Lehmann, Sufia Islam and Vladimir Cerny
    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:238
  18. Iatrogenic tracheal ruptures are rare but life-threatening airway complications that often require surgical repair. Data on perioperative vital functions and anesthetic regimes are scarce. The goal of this stu...

    Authors: Manuel F. Struck, Gunther Hempel, Uta C. Pietsch, Johannes Broschewitz, Uwe Eichfeld, Robert Werdehausen and Sebastian Krämer
    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:194
  19. Patients undergoing emergency surgery may present with the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) or develop this syndrome postoperatively. The incidence of ARDS in the postoperative period is relatively l...

    Authors: Denise Battaglini, Chiara Robba, Patricia Rieken Macêdo Rocco, Marcelo Gama De Abreu, Paolo Pelosi and Lorenzo Ball
    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:153
  20. Tracheobronchial lacerations from trauma can be life-threatening and present significant challenges for safe anesthetic management. Early recognition of tracheal injuries and prompt airway control can be lifes...

    Authors: Penghui Wei, Dong Yan, Jiapeng Huang, Lili Dong, Ying Zhao, Fei Rong, Jing Li, Wenxi Tang and Jianjun Li
    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:149

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