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Table 2 Postoperative recovery

From: Analgesic effects of sufentanil in combination with flurbiprofen axetil and dexmedetomidine after open gastrointestinal tumor surgery: a retrospective study

  ALL n = 640 MPCIA n = 552 OPCIA n = 48 PCEA n = 40 Difference [95% CI] Statistical value p value
MPCIA vs OPCIA MPCIA vs PCEA OPCIA vs PCEA
Time from the end of surgery to the resumption of activity, h, M ± Std First anal exhaust 71.2 ± 31.4 69.2 ± 30.1 93.7 ± 32.2 69.9 ± 36.3 −24.52* [−36.65,-13.39] −0.64 [−12.75,11.46] 23.88* [8.09,39.67] 14.027 < 0.001*
Drinking water 62.1 ± 38.7 58.1 ± 35.4 92.7 ± 51.0 78.1 ± 43.4 −34.62* [−53.19,-16.05] −20.06* [− 37.55,-2.57] 14.56 [−9.96,39.08] 22.779 <  0.001*
Off-bed activity 54.9 ± 24.7 53.6 ± 23.4 63.9 ± 31.1 61.2 ± 30.9 −10.23 [−21.58,1.11] −7.60 [− 20.00,4.80] 2.63 [− 13.53,18.79] 5.234 0.006*
Remove catheter 101.3 ± 41.0 99.8 ± 40.6 108.3 ± 41.3 112.2 ± 44.3 −8.53 [−23.36,6.29] −12.39 [− 28.52,3.73] −3.86 [− 24.89,17.17] 2.472 0.085
Remove abdominal drainage tube 145.7 ± 66.2 142.0 ± 60.4 175.0 ± 103.6 160.8 ± 74.6 −33.03 [−73.31,7.25] −18.76 [−52.08,14.55] 14.26 [− 36.06,64.60] 5.799 0.003*
Remove stomach tube 70.1 ± 52.5 70.4 ± 52.2 75.3 ± 56.5 61.3 ± 51.0 −4.88 [−25.51,15.75] 9.13 [−13.76,32.02] 14.01 [−15.75,25.51] 0.693 0.500
Length of postoperative hospital stay, d, M ± Std 7.7 ± 3.0 7.6 ± 3.0 8.6 ± 3.5 7.8 ± 2.6 −0.92 [−2.01,0.17] −0.16 [−1.35,1.03] 0.76 [− 0.79,2.32] 2.059 0.128
  1. Abbreviation: n = number, = hour(s), = Mean, Std = Standard deviation, d = day(s)
  2. *: The difference was statistically significant, p < 0.05