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Table 3 Comparison of analgesic efficacy and recovery criteria between both groups

From: Combined opioid free and loco-regional anaesthesia enhances the quality of recovery in sleeve gastrectomy done under ERAS protocol: a randomized controlled trial

  Group I (MMA)
(N = 52)
Group II (OFA)
(N = 51)
P value
PACU morphine analgesia (mg) 10 [10–20] 10 [0–10] 0.024
Total postoperative morphine consumption (mg) [PACU and Ward] 20 [10–30] 10 [10–20] 0.005
Number (%) of patients did not receive opioids in PACU 10 (19.2) 18 (35.3) 0.068
Number (%) of patients did not receive opioids in ward 17 (32.7) 24 (47.1) 0.136
Number (%) of patients did not receive opioids in PACU or ward 7 (13.5) 7 (13.7) 0.969
Median proportion of events NRS > 3 0.58 [0.41–0.66] 0.50 [0.16–0.66] 0.008
Extubation time (min) 5.50 [4.0–9.5] 9.0 [9.0–11.0] 0.0002
PACU stay (min) 20.0 [20.0–25.0] 30.0 [25.0–35.0] <0.0001
Time of first rescue analgesia 120.0 [69.0–152.0] 228.0 [122.5–229.0] <0.0001
Ramsay Sedation score in the PACU 3.0 [3.0–3.0] 4.0 [3.0–4.0] <0.0001
Time to ambulate (min) 169 [122.5–216.5] 150 [107.5–195.5] 0.190
Time to oral fluid tolerance (min) 238 [150.5–346.0] 175 [97.5–274.5] 0.022
Time to readiness for home discharge (min) 504.5 [439–625.5] 444.0 [356–529] 0.0009
  1. Analysis between groups was done using Mann-Whitney test
  2. Values are given as median, [IQR] -P value < 0.05 is considered significant