Skip to main content

Table 2 Pre-Virtual Reality and Post-Virtual Reality psychological outcomes

From: The use of pre-operative virtual reality to reduce anxiety in women undergoing gynecological surgeries: a prospective cohort study

Variables Pre-VR Post-VR P value
STAI S-anxiety score 39.59 ± 11.14
STAI T-anxiety score 40.10 ± 9.07
STAI total score 79.69 ± 18.78
HADS score
 Anxiety 7.23 ± 3.27 4.62 ± 3.03 < 0.0001
 Depression 4.12 ± 3.34 2.92 ± 2.51 < 0.0001
EQ-5D-3L dimensions anxiety/depression    < 0.0001
 Not anxious/depressed 62 (57.41) 90 (83.33)  
 Having anxious/depressed 46 (42.59) 18 (16.67)  
EQ-5D-3L dimensions Pain/Discomfort    0.0073
 No pain/discomfort 72 (66.67) 84 (77.78)  
 Having pain/discomfort 36 (33.33) 24 (22.22)  
EQ-5D-3L VAS health state 71.57 ± 17.75 76.05 ± 15.07 < 0.0001
  1. Values are represented as mean ± standard deviation (SD) or number (%)
  2. HADS Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, STAI State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, VAS Visual analog scale, VR Virtual reality