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Table 5 Procedural adverse reactions and postoperative complications

From: Landmark-guided versus modified ultrasound-assisted Paramedian techniques in combined spinal-epidural anesthesia for elderly patients with hip fractures: a randomized controlled trial

  Landmark group (n = 40) Ultrasound group (n = 40) P valuea
Radicular pain 2 (5.0%) 2 (5.0%) 1
Bloody tap 3 (7.5%) 1 (2.5%) 0.615
Unintentional dural puncture 2 (5.0%) 1 (2.5%) 1
Backache 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
Post-dural puncture headache 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
Paresthesia 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
Alternative technique 2 (5.0%) 0 (0%) 0.494
Conversion to general anesthesia 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
  1. Data are presented as n (%)
  2. aFisher’s exact test