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Table 3 Pain characteristics during Post Anesthesia Care Unit (PACU) and ward stay

From: A preliminary assessment of vital-signs-integrated patient-assisted intravenous opioid analgesia (VPIA) for postsurgical pain

ParametersNo. of patientsMean (SD) / Median [range] / Percentage
During PACU stay19 
Morphine (mg)193.6 (3.0)
Last pain score before discharge (0–10)193 [0–6]
Last sedation score before discharge (0–3)191 [0–2]
Nausea/vomiting before discharge (0–3)190 [0–1]
During Ward stay
12 h Post-op19 
  Pain score (at rest) (0–10)192 [0–6]
  Pain score (movement) (0–10)195 [0–10]
  Sedation score (0–3)190 [0–1]
  Nausea/vomiting (0–3)180 [0–3]
24 h Post-op19 
  Pain score (at rest) (0–10)190 [0–7]
  Pain score (movement) (0–10)193 [0–8]
  Sedation score (0–3)190 [0–1]
  Nausea/vomiting (0–3)190 [0–1]
  Morphine consumption (24 h; mg)1912.5 (7.1)
 Side effect
  Nausea / vomiting631.6%
  Pruritus15.3%