Skip to main content

Table 2 Comparisons between the respiratory complication and non-complication groups

From: Clinical usefulness of capnographic monitoring when inserting a feeding tube in critically ill patients: retrospective cohort study

  Overall (n = 445) Respiratory complication group (n = 16) Non-complication group (n = 429) P-value
Age (years) 67 (56–75) 69 (53–80) 67 (56–75) 0.669
Gender (male) 294 (66) 15 (94) 279 (65) 0.015
Major reasons for ICU admission
 Respiratory failure 209 (47) 9 (56) 200 (47) 0.493
 Cardiovascular 72 (16) 3 (19) 69 (16)
 Severe sepsis or septic shock 81 (18) 1 (6) 80 (19)
 Neurological 49 (11) 1 (6) 48 (11)
 Post-operation 17 (4) 1 (6) 16 (4)
 Multiple trauma 8 (2) 0 (0) 8 (2)
 Other 9 (2) 1 (6) 8 (2)
Use of mechanical ventilator 332 (75) 14 (88) 318 (74) 0.379
Artificial airway 366 (82) 15 (94) 351 (82) 0.326
 Endotracheal tube 250 (55) 111 (60) 139 (51)
 Tracheal tube 129 (28) 53 (29) 76 (28)
Location
 MICU 165 (37) 8 (50) 157 (37) 0.706
 SICU 12 (3) 1 (6) 11 (3)
 CCU 46 (10) 1 (6) 45 (10)
 Cardiac SICU 11 (2) 0 (0) 11 (3)
 Oncology MICU 118 (27) 3 (19) 115 (27)
 Oncology SICU 93 (21) 3 (19) 90 (21)
GCS 13 (11–15) 14 (12–15) 13 (11–15) 0.915
RASS 0 (−2–1) 1 (−1–1.3) 0 (−2–1) 0.153
Delirium 203 (59) 8 (62) 195 (59) 0.860
Use of sedative drug 207 (47) 10 (63) 197 (46) 0.211
Two-step technique 102 (23) 6 (38) 96 (22) 0.220
Use of capnography 170 (38) 2 (13) 168 (39) 0.035
  1. ICU intensive care unit, MICU medical intensive care unit, SICU surgical intensive care unit, CCU cardiac intensive care unit, GCS Glasgow Coma Scale, RASS Richmond Agitation Sedation Scale