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Table 2 Illustration of procedural characteristics and radiation exposure in seconds

From: Risk of whole body radiation exposure and protective measures in fluoroscopically guided interventional techniques: a prospective evaluation

  Group I Group II Group III
Per Procedure 12.0* ± 0.49 (330) 9.0# ± 0.37 (662) 7.5 ± 0.27 (827)
Lumbar Facet Joint Nerve Blocks 11.7* ± 0.56 [143] 7.0# ± 0.32 [208] 5.7 ± 0.17 [180]
Cervical Facet Joint Nerve Blocks 10.4* ± 0.65 [73] 5.5 ± 0.23 [131] 5.9 ± 0.14 [265]
Caudal/Interlaminar Epidurals 11.7* ± 1.41 [56] 8.7# ± 0.96 [95] 3.7 ± 0.29 [141]
Lumbar/Cervical Transforaminal Epidural 14.0 ± 1.77 [26] 15.0# ± 1.23 [80] 10.6 ± 0.60 [92]
Percutaneous Adhesiolysis 20.8 ± 5.65 [5] 14.5 ± 1.69 [28] 18.9 ± 1.72 [50]
Thoracic Facet Joint Nerve Blocks 11.5* ± 2.17 [13] 7.9 ± 1.14 [29] 5.6 ± 0.56 [29]
Sacroiliac Joint Injection 15.0* ± 4.89 [5] 3.7 ± 0.28 [50] 7.5 ± 3.20 [4]
Intercostal / Paravertebral / Lumbar Sympathetic Nerve Blocks 10.0 [1] 12.5 ± 3.40 [13] 7.4 ± 1.09 [27]
  1. () Indicates number of procedures * Indicates significant difference: Group III vs Group I & II # Indicates significant difference: Group II vs Group I Procedures performed less than 25 [total] were not listed in this table, however utilized in calculating the exposure and per procedure.