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Table 2 Characteristics of patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenal resection with and without complications

From: The impact of fluid intervention on complications and length of hospital stay after pancreaticoduodenectomy (Whipple’s procedure)

  Overall Complications No complications p value
(n = 150) (n = 86) (n = 64)
Patient characteristics     
Male 89 (59%) 53 (62%) 36 (56%) 0.507
Age 67 (15–84) 67 (41–84) 66 (15–82) 0.496
BMI 26 (18–42) 26 (18–37) 24 (19–42) 0.046*
ASA Class I 1 (1%) 1 (1%) 0 (0%) 1.0
     II 35 (23%) 20 (23%) 15 (23%)  
     III 114 (76%) 65 (76%) 49 (77%)  
Diabetes 35 (23%) 24 (28%) 11 (17%) 0.125
COPD 12 (8%) 9 (11%) 3 (5%) 0.237
Pre-operative laboratory tests     
Hemoglobin (g/l) 130 (79–173) 130 (82–173) 129 (79–156) 0.410
WCC (×109/l) 7.5 (3.0–31.6) 7.6 (4.1–31.6) 7.0 (3.0–16.8) 0.160
Platelets (×109/l) 292 (21–744) 293 (21–733) 290 (139–744) 0.605
Bilirubin (μmol/l) 29 (5–405) 35 (5–405) 19 (6–352) 0.109
Albumin (g/l) 34 (13–49) 34 (20–46) 35 (13–49) 0.045*
Urea (mmol/l) 5.3 (0.9–15.4) 5.3 (0.9–12.2) 5.2 (1.1–15.4) 0.987
Creatinine (μmol/l) 76 (10–241) 79 (10–241) 70 (28–186) 0.036*
  1. ASA – American society of anesthesiologists; BMI – body mass index; WCC – white cell count, COPD – Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; Missing values; BMI -24 Hemoglobin 5 WCC 9 Platelets 7 Bilirubin 32, Albumin 35, Urea 10, Creatinine 10 *p ≤ 0.05 Chi-Square/Fisher’s exact test/Mann–Whitney U test.