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  1. Content type: Research article

    Current international guideline recommends to maintain blood glucose level ≤ 180 mg/dL in acute ill patients, irrespective of presence of premorbid diabetes. However, there are studies suggested that optimal a...

    Authors: Mai Hokka, Moritoki Egi and Satoshi Mizobuchi

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:180

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Regional anesthesia could affect the homeostatic system functions resulting frequently in perioperative hypothermia and consequently shivering. The objective of this trial was to evaluate the efficacy of dexme...

    Authors: Joseph Makram Botros, Atef Mohamed Sayed Mahmoud, Safaa Gaber Ragab, Mohammed Awad Alsaeid Ahmed, Hany Maher Salib Roushdy, Hany Mahmoud Yassin, Maged Labib Bolus and Abeer Shaban Goda

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:179

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Surgery for aortic coarctation requires special care during anesthesia due to severe pain during the lateral thoracotomy incision, intraoperative hemodynamic instability and the need for large doses of intra- ...

    Authors: Amany H. Saleh, Passaint F. Hassan, Mohamed Elayashy, Hamza M. Hamza, Mona H. Abdelhamid, Mai A. Madkour, Pierre Z. Tawadros, Heba Omar, Mohamed M. Kamel, Marwa Zayed and Mohamed Helmy

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:178

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Surgery-induced neuroinflammation plays an important role in postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD). Gut microbiota is a key regulator of neurological inflammation. Nurturing with prebiotics is an effectiv...

    Authors: Xu-Dong Yang, Li-Kuan Wang, Hai-Yin Wu and Liang Jiao

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:177

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Epidural catheter re-siting in parturients receiving labour epidural analgesia is distressing to the parturient and places them at increased complications from a repeat procedure. The aim of this study was to ...

    Authors: John Song En Lee, Rehena Sultana, Nian Lin Reena Han, Alex Tiong Heng Sia and Ban Leong Sng

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:176

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Successful resuscitation from asystole induced by bupivacaine requires the reestablishment of a sufficient coronary flow (CF) quickly. This study was designed to test whether levosimendan was superior to epine...

    Authors: Hongfei Chen, Fangfang Xia, Zhousheng Jin, Kejian Shi, Yun Xia, Le Liu, Thomas J. Papadimos, Xuzhong Xu and Limei Chen

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:174

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  7. Content type: Correction

    After publication of this article [1], the authors noted that the corresponding email address is incorrect.

    Authors: Kai-Kai Guo, Cheng-Qi Deng, Gui-Jun Lu and Guo-Li Zhao

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:173

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    The original article was published in BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:132

  8. Content type: Research article

    Mortality in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) remains high. These patients require mechanical ventilation strategies that include high positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP). It remain...

    Authors: Lanqi Guo, Jianfeng Xie, Yingzi Huang, Chun Pan, Yi Yang, Haibo Qiu and Ling Liu

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:172

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Sevoflurane preconditioning induces brain ischemic tolerance, but the mechanism remains poorly elucidated. Nitration is an important form of post-translational modification in pathological signaling. This stud...

    Authors: Shiquan Wang, Yuheng Li, Jinlong Wei, Pei Li and Qianzi Yang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:171

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Tenascin-C is a pro-inflammatory glycoprotein with various biological functions. High expression of tenascin-C is found in inflammation, tissue remodeling, and autoimmune diseases. However, its expression and ...

    Authors: Weifang Yuan, Wei Zhang, Xiaofang Yang, Liyuan Zhou, Ziwei Hanghua and Kailiang Xu

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:170

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Cavity effusion is common in patients with infectious diseases. However, the incidence rate and characteristics of serous cavity effusions (SCE) in septic patients are not clear to date. The objective of this ...

    Authors: Ling-Yu Xing, Jun Yin, Mian Shao, Yi-Lin Yang, Ke-Yong Li, Ming-Ming Xue, Su-Cheng Mu, Zhan Sun, Ya-Ping Zhang, Chen-Ling Yao, Xun Chu, Chao-Yang Tong and Zhen-Ju Song

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:169

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Fluid overloading is detrimental to organ function and results in a poor prognosis. It is necessary to evaluate fluid responsiveness before fluid loading. We performed a systematic meta-analysis to evaluate th...

    Authors: Bo Yao, Jian-yu Liu and Yun-bo Sun

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:168

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Although propofol is a common anesthetic agent for the induction of general anesthesia, hemodynamic fluctuations are occasionally prominent during induction/intubation. The aims of this study were to determine...

    Authors: Sho Kawasaki, Chikako Kiyohara, Shoji Tokunaga and Sumio Hoka

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:167

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  14. Content type: Review

    High flow nasal therapy (HFNT) is a technique in which humidified and heated gas is delivered to the airways through the nose via small nasal prongs at flows that are higher than the rates generally applied du...

    Authors: Andrea Cortegiani, Giuseppe Accurso, Sebastiano Mercadante, Antonino Giarratano and Cesare Gregoretti

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:166

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  15. Content type: Research article

    In-wound catheters for infusion of local anaesthetic for post-caesarean section analgesia are well tolerated in parturients. Few studies have examined continuous in-wound infusion of a combination of local ana...

    Authors: Jozica Wagner-Kovacec, Petra Povalej-Brzan and Dusan Mekis

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:165

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The ratio of T helper 1 (Th1) to T helper 2 (Th2) as well as T helper 17 (Th17) to regulatory T cells (Treg) represents the state and direction of immune response. Recent studies demonstrated that dexmedetomid...

    Authors: Jae-Myeong Lee, Hyo-Jo Han, Won-Kyu Choi, Subin Yoo, Soojin Baek and Jaemin Lee

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:164

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  17. Content type: Case report

    Anaphylaxis in general anaesthesia occurs with a frequency of 1:5000-1:20000. This clinical summary reports on the use of an effective risk management strategy employing second line anaesthesia agents and alte...

    Authors: Ana Licina

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:163

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  18. Content type: Research article

    It is unclear if anaesthesia maintenance with propofol is advantageous or beneficial over inhalational agents. This study is intended to compare the effects of propofol vs. inhalational agents in maintaining g...

    Authors: Stefan Schraag, Lorenzo Pradelli, Abdul Jabbar Omar Alsaleh, Marco Bellone, Gianni Ghetti, Tje Lin Chung, Martin Westphal and Sebastian Rehberg

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:162

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  19. Content type: Case report

    The Auditory brainstem implant (ABI) is a new surgical option for hearing impaired children. Intraoperative neurophysiology monitoring includes brainstem mapping of cranial nerve (CN) IX, X, XI, XII and their ...

    Authors: Charis Khoo, A. H. NurHafiizhoh, Angela Tan, Tracy Tan and Hwan Ing Hee

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:161

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility, accuracy and efficiency of the facet joint injections in the lumbar spine by ultrasound guided versus lose dose computed tomography (CT) guidance.

    Authors: Ling Ye, Chuanbing Wen and Hui Liu

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:160

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Surgical manipulation of pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas (PPGLs) may induce large hemodynamic oscillations due to catecholamine release. Little is known regarding hemodynamic instability during percutaneo...

    Authors: Atousa Deljou, Jacob D. Kohlenberg, Toby N. Weingarten, Irina Bancos, William F. Young Jr, Darrell R. Schroeder, David P. Martin and Juraj Sprung

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:158

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The perioperative period can be a critical period with long-term implications on cancer-related outcomes. In this study, we evaluate the influence of regional anesthesia on cancer-specific outcomes in a radica...

    Authors: Juan Chipollini, Brandon Alford, David C. Boulware, Patrice Forget, Scott M. Gilbert, Jorge L. Lockhart, Julio M. Pow-Sang, Wade J. Sexton, Philippe E. Spiess, Michael A. Poch and Sephalie Y. Patel

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:157

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  23. Content type: Research article

    We aimed to construct a prediction tool for postoperative oxygen therapy and determine predictors of duration of use among children undergoing non-cardiac surgery.

    Authors: Maliwan Oofuvong, Siriwimol Ratprasert and Thavat Chanchayanon

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:137

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  24. Content type: Research article

    During thoracic surgery in lateral decubitus, one lung ventilation (OLV) may impair respiratory mechanics and gas exchange. We tested a strategy based on an open lung approach (OLA) consisting in lung recruitm...

    Authors: Michela Rauseo, Lucia Mirabella, Salvatore Grasso, Antonella Cotoia, Savino Spadaro, Davide D’Antini, Franca Valentino, Livio Tullo, Domenico Loizzi, Francesco Sollitto and Gilda Cinnella

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:156

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Anxiety during the preoperative period is the most common problem with a number of postoperative complications such as an increase in postoperative pain, delay of healing and prolong the hospital stay. Further...

    Authors: Henok Mulugeta, Mulatu Ayana, Mezinew Sintayehu, Getenet Dessie and Tesfu Zewdu

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:155

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Continuous epidural infusion (CEI) is the standard application setting for epidural infusion. A new mode, the programmed intermittent epidural bolus (PIEB) technique, showed reduced local anesthetic (LA) consu...

    Authors: Thomas Wiesmann, Lilli Hoff, Lara Prien, Alexander Torossian, Leopold Eberhart, Hinnerk Wulf and Carsten Feldmann

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:154

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Laryngeal mask UNIQUE® (LMAU) is supraglottic airway device with good clinical performance and low failure rate. Little is known about the ideal position of the LMAU on the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and...

    Authors: Jozef Klučka, Jan Šenkyřík, Jarmila Skotáková, Roman Štoudek, Michaela Ťoukalková, Ivo Křikava, Lukáš Mareček, Tomáš Pavlík, Alena Štouračová and Petr Štourač

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:153

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  28. Content type: Research article

    ECMO support is a final treatment modality for patients in the refractory cardiogenic arrest and postcardiotomy cardiogenic shock with an utmost importance. Eventhough it is linked to high mortality, its usage...

    Authors: İbrahim Mungan, Dilek Kazancı, Şerife Bektaş, Derya Ademoglu and Sema Turan

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:152

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) has been demonstrated to decrease ventilator-induced lung injury in patients under mechanical ventilation (MV) for acute respiratory failure. Recently, some studies have...

    Authors: Pablo Cruces, Sebastián González-Dambrauskas, Federico Cristiani, Javier Martínez, Ronnie Henderson, Benjamin Erranz and Franco Díaz

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:151

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  30. Content type: Research article

    We performed a randomized, blinded pilot study in 12 volunteers to assess the feasibility to reposition an intentionally displaced suture-method catheter for two different insertion techniques for adductor can...

    Authors: Zarah Maria Jordahn, Tobias Stenbjerg Lyngeraa, Ulrik Grevstad, Christian Rothe, Lars Hyldborg Lundstrøm and Kai Henrik Wiborg Lange

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:150

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  31. Content type: Research article

    The effects of the intravenous anesthetics propofol and etomidate on circulation are significantly different; however, their differing effects on miRNA expression in the cardiovascular system are not clearly u...

    Authors: Youxiu Yao, Ning Yang, Dengyang Han, Cheng Ni, Changyi Wu and Xiangyang Guo

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:149

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  32. Content type: Case report

    Many cases of coronary artery spasm (CAS) during general plus epidural anesthesia have been reported. But transversus abdominis plane(TAP) block in combination with general anesthesia has not been reported to ...

    Authors: Wenping Peng, Shun Huang, Shuzhen Zhou, Ning Yang and Mingzhang Zuo

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:148

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Postoperative hypoxemia is quite common in patients with acute aortic dissection (AAD) and is associated with poor clinical outcomes. However, there is no method to predict this potentially life-threatening co...

    Authors: Huiqing Ge, Ye Jiang, Qijun Jin, Linjun Wan, Ximing Qian and Zhongheng Zhang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:146

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Postoperative pain is one of the most common symptoms after surgery, which brings physical discomfort to patients. In addition, it may cause a series of complications, and even affect the long-term quality of ...

    Authors: Fuxi Song, Chunmiao Ye, Feng Qi, Ping Zhang, Xuexiang Wang, Yanfeng Lü, Alejandro Fernandez-Escobar, Chao Zheng and Liang Li

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:145

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    The Retraction Note to this article has been published in BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:20

  35. Content type: Research article

    Minimal invasive heart surgery (MIHS) presents several benefits, but provides intense and prolonged post-operative pain. Our objective was to compare efficacy of serratus anterior plane block (SAPB) with conti...

    Authors: Vivien Berthoud, Omar Ellouze, Maxime Nguyen, Maria Konstantinou, Serge Aho, Ghislain Malapert, Claude Girard, Pierre-Gregoire Guinot, Olivier Bouchot and Belaid Bouhemad

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:144

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Proximal brachial plexus blocks can lead to an extended period of motor paralysis and delay the return of motor function. This could influence patient satisfaction, and extend hospitalizations. The aim of the ...

    Authors: Weijuan Zhu, Riyong Zhou, Lulu Chen, Yuanqing Chen, Lvdan Huang, Yun Xia, Thomas J. Papadimos and Xuzhong Xu

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:143

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a common complication after cardiac surgery that influences the clinical outcomes and quality of life of patients. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of Shen...

    Authors: Lei Chen, Liangrong Wang, Qian Zhuo, Qiong Zhang, Feifei Chen, Liling Li and Lina Lin

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:142

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) seriously reduces quality of life and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The causes and neuropathogenesis of POCD remain largely unknown. Resveratr...

    Authors: Bei Wang, Shengjin Ge, Wanxia Xiong and Zhanggang Xue

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:141

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  39. Content type: Research article

    With the increasing occurrence of drug shortages, understanding the pharmacokinetics of alternative intrathecal opioid administration has gained importance. In particular, additional data are needed to compreh...

    Authors: Vikas O’Reilly-Shah and Grant C Lynde

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:140

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  40. Content type: Research article

    The obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is characterized by temporary cerebral hypoxia which can cause cognitive dysfunction. On the other hand, hypoxia induced neurocognitive deficits are detectable after...

    Authors: Soeren Wagner, Joerg Quente, Sven Staedtler, Katharina Koch, Tanja Richter-Schmidinger, Johannes Kornhuber, Harald Ihmsen and Juergen Schuettler

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:139

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  41. Content type: Research article

    The goal of this study was to evaluate the accuracy and interchangeability between continuous cardiac output (CO) measured by electrical velocimetry (COEv) and continuous cardiac output obtained using the pulmona...

    Authors: De-Jie Wang, I-Shan Lee, An-Hsun Chou, Chun-Yu Chen, Pei-Chi Ting, Yun-Hui Teng, Jr-Rung Lin and Hsin-I Tsai

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:138

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  42. Content type: Research article

    To examine the response to an α2receptor agonist used as a sedative for patients using long-term selective α1 blockers.

    Authors: Do-Won Lee, Jiseok Baik, Giyoung Yun, Soeun Jeon, Hyae-Jin Kim, Eun-Soo Kim, Hyeon Jeong Lee and Jae-Young Kwon

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:136

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  43. Content type: Research article

    The analgesic effects of dexamethasone have been reported previously, and the present study determined the effects of preoperative dexamethasone on postoperative pain in patients who received thoracotomy.

    Authors: Kyoung-Woon Joung, Hyeong Ryul Kim, Wook-Jong Kim, Ye Ji Lim, Jae Won Kim, Eun-Ho Lee and In-Cheol Choi

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:135

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  44. Content type: Research article

    The airway reflex such as cough is common accompanied with severe fluctuations of hemodynamics during emergence. This prospective double-blind randomized controlled trial tested the hypothesis that topical rop...

    Authors: Panpan Fang, Zhijun Zong, Yao Lu, Xiaoyu Han and Xuesheng Liu

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:134

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Clostridium difficile (CD) is the most common pathogen causing nosocomial diarrhea. The clinical presentation ranges from mild diarrhea to severe complications, including pseudomembranous colitis, toxic megaco...

    Authors: Maximilian Vondran, Senta Schack, Jens Garbade, Christian Binner, Meinhard Mende, Ardawan Julian Rastan, Michael Andrew Borger and Thomas Schroeter

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:133

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Morphine and oxycodone are considered as wide-spreadly used opioids for moderate/severe cancer pain. However, debate exists about the evidence regarding their relative tolerability and underlying results.

    Authors: Kai-Kai Guo, Cheng-Qi Deng, Gui-Jun Lu and Guo-Li Zhao

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:132

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:173

  47. Content type: Research article

    Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) have been involved in tumor growth and metastasis. Sevoflurane may promote angiogenesis, whereas propofol can present an anti-...

    Authors: Tao Yan, Guo-Hua Zhang, Bao-Na Wang, Li Sun and Hui Zheng

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:131

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