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  1. Case report

    Surgical anesthesia with a combination of T12 paravertebral block and lumbar plexus, sacral plexus block for hip replacement in ankylosing spondylitis: CARE-compliant 4 case reports

    Anesthesia management for patients with severe ankylosing spondylitis scheduled for total hip arthroplasty is challenging due to a potential difficult airway and difficult neuraxial block. We report 4 cases wi...

    Xijian Ke, Ji Li, Yong Liu, Xi Wu and Wei Mei

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:86

    Published on: 26 June 2017

  2. Research article

    Gabapentin in procedure-specific postoperative pain management – preplanned subgroup analyses from a systematic review with meta-analyses and trial sequential analyses

    It has been argued that postoperative pain treatment should be “procedure-specific”, since different analgesics may have specific effects dependent on the surgical procedure. The aim of the present subgroup an...

    Maria Louise Fabritius, Anja Geisler, Pernille Lykke Petersen, Jørn Wetterslev, Ole Mathiesen and Jørgen Berg Dahl

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:85

    Published on: 21 June 2017

  3. Research article

    Risk factors for pulmonary complications after hepatic resection: role of intraoperative hemodynamic instability and hepatic ischemia

    Postoperative operative pulmonary complications (PPCs) after hepatic surgery are associated with increased length of hospital stays. Intraoperative blood transfusion, extensive resection and different comorbid...

    Victoria Lepere, Antoine Vanier, Yann Loncar, Louis Lemoine, Jean Christophe Vaillant, Antoine Monsel, Eric Savier, Pierre Coriat and Daniel Eyraud

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:84

    Published on: 20 June 2017

  4. Research article

    Lipid emulsion mitigates impaired pulmonary function induced by limb ischemia/reperfusion in rats through attenuation of local cellular injury and the subsequent systemic inflammatory

    Limb ischemia/reperfusion causes inflammation and elicits oxidative stress that may lead to local tissue damage and remote organ such as lung injury. This study investigates pulmonary function after limb ische...

    Fangfang Xia, Yun Xia, Sisi Chen, Lulu Chen, Weijuan Zhu, Yuanqing Chen, Thomas J. Papadimos, Xuzhong Xu and Le Liu

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:83

    Published on: 19 June 2017

  5. Research article

    Systolic blood pressure variability in patients with early severe sepsis or septic shock: a prospective cohort study

    Severe sepsis and septic shock are often lethal syndromes, in which the autonomic nervous system may fail to maintain adequate blood pressure. Heart rate variability has been associated with outcomes in sepsis...

    Yi Tang, Jeff Sorenson, Michael Lanspa, Colin K. Grissom, V.J. Mathews and Samuel M. Brown

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:82

    Published on: 17 June 2017

  6. Research article

    Two-minute disconnection technique with a double-lumen tube to speed the collapse of the non-ventilated lung for one-lung ventilation in thoracoscopic surgery

    Thoracic surgery requires the effective collapse of the non-ventilated lung. In the majority of cases, we accomplished, accelerated lung collapse using a double-lumen tube (DLT). We hypothesized that using the...

    Qiongzhen Li, Xiaofeng Zhang, Jingxiang Wu and Meiying Xu

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:80

    Published on: 15 June 2017

  7. Research article

    Clinical application of a novel endoscopic mask: a randomized controlled, multi-center trial in patients undergoing awake fiberoptic bronchoscopic intubation

    Awake fiberoptic bronchoscopic tracheal intubation is usually regarded as an effective method in the management of predicted difficult airway. Hypoxia during awake nasal fiberoptic bronchoscopic intubation lea...

    Tianxiao Zou, Zhenling Huang, Xiaoxue Hu, Guangyu Cai, Miao He, Shanjuan Wang, Ping Huang and Bin Yu

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:79

    Published on: 15 June 2017

  8. Research article

    Effects of immunonutrition on biomarkers in traumatic brain injury patients in Malaysia: a prospective randomized controlled trial

    Head injury is one of the top three diagnosis leading to intensive care unit (ICU) admission in Malaysia. There has been growing interest in using immunonutrition as a mode of modulating the inflammatory respo...

    Vineya Rai Hakumat Rai, Lee Fern Phang, Sheau Fung Sia, Amirah Amir, Jeyaganesh S. Veerakumaran, Mustafa Kassim Abdulazez Kassim, Rafidah Othman, Pei Chien Tah, Pui San Loh, Mohamad Irfan Othman Jailani and Gracie Ong

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:81

    Published on: 15 June 2017

  9. Research article

    Sensitivity to Sevoflurane anesthesia is decreased in mice with a congenital deletion of Guanylyl Cyclase-1 alpha

    Volatile anesthetics increase levels of the neurotransmitter nitric oxide (NO) and the secondary messenger molecule cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) in the brain. NO activates the enzyme guanylyl cyclase ...

    Yasuko Nagasaka, Martin Wepler, Robrecht Thoonen, Patrick Y. Sips, Kaitlin Allen, Jan A. Graw, Vincent Yao, Sara M. Burns, Stefan Muenster, Peter Brouckaert, Keith Miller, Ken Solt, Emmanuel S. Buys, Fumito Ichinose and Warren M. Zapol

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:76

    Published on: 14 June 2017

  10. Research article

    Moxifloxacin monotherapy versus combination therapy in patients with severe community-acquired pneumonia evoked ARDS

    We tested the hypothesis that moxifloxacin monotherapy is equally effective and safe as a betalactam antibiotic based combination therapy in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) evoked by s...

    Tim Rahmel, Sven Asmussen, Jan Karlik, Jörg Steinmann, Michael Adamzik and Jürgen Peters

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:78

    Published on: 14 June 2017

  11. Research article

    Effect of a simulation-based workshop on breaking bad news for anesthesiology residents: an intervention study

    Breaking bad news (BBN) to patients and their relatives is a complex and stressful task. The ideal structure, training methods and assessment instruments best used to teach and assess BBN for anesthesiology re...

    Vanda Yazbeck Karam, Hanane Barakat, Marie Aouad, Ilene Harris, Yoon Soo Park, Nazih Youssef, John Jack Boulet and Ara Tekian

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:77

    Published on: 14 June 2017

  12. Research article

    Dose-dependent effects of intravenous methoxamine infusion during hip-joint replacement surgery on postoperative cognitive dysfunction and blood TNF-α level in elderly patients: a randomized controlled trial

    Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD), common in elderly patients, is thought to be closely associated with intraoperative instability of hemodynamics and excessive excretion of tumor necrosis factor-α (T...

    Shenghui Sun, Defeng Sun, Lin Yang, Jun Han, Ruochuan Liu and Lijie Wang

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:75

    Published on: 9 June 2017

  13. Research article

    Determining the amount of training needed for competency of anesthesia trainees in ultrasonographic identification of the cricothyroid membrane

    Airway guidelines recommend the use of ultrasound to localize the cricothyroid membrane prior to airway manipulation in difficult airways. In this study, we aimed to determine the amount of training anesthesia...

    Katia F. Oliveira, Cristian Arzola, Xiang Y. Ye, Jefferson Clivatti, Naveed Siddiqui and Kong E. You-Ten

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:74

    Published on: 2 June 2017

  14. Research article

    A pragmatic multi-center trial of goal-directed fluid management based on pulse pressure variation monitoring during high-risk surgery

    Intraoperative fluid therapy guided by mechanical ventilation-induced pulse-pressure variation (PPV) may improve outcomes after major surgery. We tested this hypothesis in a multi-center study.

    Luiz Marcelo Sá Malbouisson, João Manoel Silva Jr., Maria José Carvalho Carmona, Marcel Rezende Lopes, Murilo Santucci Assunção, Jorge Luís dos Santos Valiatti, Claudia Marques Simões and José Otavio Costa Auler Jr.

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:70

    Published on: 30 May 2017

  15. Research article

    Does an electronic cognitive aid have an effect on the management of severe gynaecological TURP syndrome? A prospective, randomised simulation study

    Lack of familiarity with the content of current guidelines is a major factor associated with non-compliance by clinicians. It is conceivable that cognitive aids with regularly updated medical content can guide...

    Michael St.Pierre, Georg Breuer, Dieter Strembski, Christopher Schmitt and Bjoern Luetcke

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:72

    Published on: 30 May 2017

  16. Research article

    Development and validation of a Score for Preoperative Prediction of Obstructive Sleep Apnea (SPOSA) and its perioperative outcomes

    Postoperative respiratory complications (PRCs) are associated with significant morbidity, mortality, and hospital costs. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), often undiagnosed in the surgical population, may be a co...

    Christina H. Shin, Stephanie D. Grabitz, Fanny P. Timm, Noomi Mueller, Khushi Chhangani, Karim Ladha, Scott Devine, Tobias Kurth and Matthias Eikermann

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:71

    Published on: 30 May 2017

  17. Research article

    Background anaesthetic agents do not influence the impact of arginine vasopressin on haemodynamic states and cerebral oxygenation during shoulder surgery in the beach chair position: a prospective, single-blind study

    Administration of arginine vasopressin (AVP) is associated with reducing jugular venous (SjvO2) and regional cerebral (rScO2) oxygen saturation under propofol-remifentanil (P/R) anaesthesia. We determined whether...

    Eun-A Jang, Ji-A Song, Ji Youn Shin, Jae Joon Yoon, Kyung Yeon Yoo and Seongtae Jeong

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:73

    Published on: 30 May 2017

  18. Research article

    Comparison of VividTrac®, Airtraq®, King Vision®, Macintosh Laryngoscope and a Custom-Made Videolaryngoscope for difficult and normal airways in mannequins by novices

    Direct laryngoscopy remains the gold standard for endotracheal intubation and is preferred by experienced operators. However, an increasing number of reports currently support videolaryngoscopy, particularly f...

    Szilárd Rendeki, Dóra Keresztes, Gábor Woth, Ákos Mérei, Martin Rozanovic, Mátyás Rendeki, József Farkas, Diána Mühl and Bálint Nagy

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:68

    Published on: 26 May 2017

  19. Research article

    Combination of gabapentin and ramosetron for the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting after gynecologic laparoscopic surgery: a prospective randomized comparative study

    As a drug originally introduced for its anticonvulsant effects, gabapentin has been recently shown to be effective in the treatment of nausea and vomiting in various clinical settings. This study compared the ...

    Kyung Mi Kim, Jin Huh, Soo Kyung Lee, Eun Young Park, Jung Min Lee and Hyo Ju Kim

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:65

    Published on: 19 May 2017

  20. Research article

    Continuous femoral nerve blockade and single-shot sciatic nerve block promotes better analgesia and lower bleeding for total knee arthroplasty compared to intrathecal morphine: a randomized trial

    Knee arthroplasty leads to postoperative pain. This study compares analgesia and postoperative bleeding achieved by intrathecal morphine with a continuous femoral plus single-shot sciatic nerve block.

    Nora Elizabeth Rojas Álvarez, Rosemberg Jairo Gomez Ledesma, Adilson Hamaji, Marcelo Waldir Mian Hamaji and Joaquim Edson Vieira

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:64

    Published on: 12 May 2017

  21. Research article

    Effects of colloid pre-loading on thromboelastography during elective intracranial tumor surgery in pediatric patients: hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 versus 5% human albumin

    Volume replacement therapy with colloid is still worth studying in major pediatric surgery with potential risk of bleeding. This study assessed the effects of 6% hydroxyethyl starch (HES) 130/0.4 and 5% Human ...

    Yuanzhi Peng, Jianer Du, Xuan Zhao, Xueyin Shi and Yingwei Wang

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:62

    Published on: 27 April 2017

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