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  1. Content type: Research article

    The oculocardiac reflex (OCR), bradycardia that occurs during strabismus surgery is a type of trigemino-cardiac reflex (TCR) is blocked by anticholinergics and enhanced by opioids and dexmedetomidine. Two rece...

    Authors: Robert W. Arnold, Aleah N. Bond, Melissa McCall and Leif Lunoe

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:36

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Our objective was to evaluate if changes in on-pump cerebral blood flow, relative to the pre-bypass baseline, are associated with the risk for postoperative delirium (POD) following cardiac surgery.

    Authors: Marcus Thudium, Richard K. Ellerkmann, Ingo Heinze and Tobias Hilbert

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:35

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Goal-directed fluid therapy (GDFT) based on dynamic indicators of fluid responsiveness has been shown to decrease postoperative complications and hospital length of stay (LOS) in patients undergoing major abdo...

    Authors: Sean Coeckelenbergh, Amélie Delaporte, Djamal Ghoundiwal, Javad Bidgoli, Jean-François Fils, Denis Schmartz and Philippe Van der Linden

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:34

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  4. Content type: Research article

    During an emergency endotracheal intubation, rapid sequence induction intubation (RSII) with cricoid pressure (CP) is frequently implemented to prevent aspiration pneumonia. We evaluated the CVS in endotrachea...

    Authors: Yen-Chu Lin, An-Hsun Cho, Jr-Rung Lin and Yung-Tai Chung

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:33

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Breast cancer surgery is one of the most common surgeries among the female population. Nearly half of the patients suffer chronic pain following breast cancer surgery, and 24% of them categorizing their pain a...

    Authors: Başak Altıparmak, Melike Korkmaz Toker, Ali İhsan Uysal and Semra Gümüş Demirbilek

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:31

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  6. Content type: Review

    Postoperative remote lung injury is a complication following various surgeries and is associated with short and long-term mortality and morbidity. The release of proinflammatory cytokines, damage-associated mo...

    Authors: Lin Chen, Hailin Zhao, Azeem Alam, Emma Mi, Shiori Eguchi, Shanglong Yao and Daqing Ma

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:30

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  7. Content type: Research article

    This preclinical study in humans was designed to selectively induce delayed nociceptive pain responses to individually titrated laser stimulation, enabling separate bedside intensity scoring of both immediate ...

    Authors: Anna Sellgren Engskov, Agneta Troilius Rubin and Jonas Åkeson

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:29

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  8. Content type: Case report

    There are several recent reports that left upper lobe lung resection is a risk factor for the development of postoperative thromboembolism. Although administering epidural analgesia is common in thoracic surge...

    Authors: Asuka Kitajima, Yuji Otsuka, Alan Kawarai Lefor and Masamitsu Sanui

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:27

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Standardizing concentrations of intravenous infusions enables pre-preparation and is effective in improving patient safety by avoiding large deviations from the prescribed concentration that can occur when inf...

    Authors: Asia N Rashed, Cate Whittlesea, Caroline Davies, Ben Forbes and Stephen Tomlin

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:26

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Post-operative delirium (POD) is a common post-operative complication in elderly individuals and imposes a significant health and financial burden. Identifying predictive biomarkers may help understand the pat...

    Authors: Farrah Ayob, Enoch Lam, George Ho, Frances Chung, Hossam El-Beheiry and Jean Wong

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:25

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Adult cardiac surgery is often complicated by elevated blood losses that account for elevated transfusion requirements. Perioperative bleeding and transfusion of blood products are major risk factors for morbi...

    Authors: F. Lehmann, J. Rau, B. Malcolm, M. Sander, C. von Heymann, T. Moormann, T. Geyer, F. Balzer, K. D. Wernecke and L. Kaufner

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:24

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Quadratus lumborum (QL) block is increasingly being used as a new abdominal nerve block technique. In some studies of mid and lower abdominal and hip analgesia, continuous QL block achieved favorable outcomes ...

    Authors: Qiang Zhu, Li Li, Zhaoyun Yang, Jinmei Shen, Rong Zhu, Yu Wen, Wenwu Cai and Lei Liu

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:23

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Barbiturates are commonly used in ambulatory sedation of pediatric patients. However, use of barbiturates involve risks of respiratory complications. Dexmedetomidine, a highly selective α2-adrenoceptor agonist, i...

    Authors: Panu Uusalo, Mirjam Lehtinen, Eliisa Löyttyniemi, Tuula Manner, Mika Scheinin and Teijo I. Saari

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:22

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Crystalloids are first line in fluid resuscitation therapy, however there is a lack of evidence-based recommendations on the volume to be administered. Therefore, we aimed at comparing the systemic hemodynamic...

    Authors: Gergely H. Fodor, Walid Habre, Adam L. Balogh, Roberta Südy, Barna Babik and Ferenc Peták

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:21

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  15. Content type: Retraction Note

    The authors have retracted this article

    Authors: Fuxi Song, Chunmiao Ye, Feng Qi, Ping Zhang, Xuexiang Wang, Yanfeng Lü, Alejandro Fernandez-Escobar, Chao Zheng and Liang Li

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:20

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    The original article was published in BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:145

  16. Content type: Research article

    Extra Corporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO) has become an accepted treatment option for severely ill patients. Due to a limited availability of ECMO support therapy, patients must often be transported to a spe...

    Authors: Stefan Felix Ehrentraut, Barbara Schroll, Stefan Lenkeit, Heidi Ehrentraut, Christian Bode, Stefan Kreyer, Florian Kögl, Felix Lehmann, Thomas Muders, Martin Scholz, Claudia Strater, Folkert Steinhagen, Nils Ulrich Theuerkauf, Carsten Weißbrich, Christian Putensen and Jens-Christian Schewe

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:19

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Although pain treatment is an important objective in prehospital emergency medicine the incidence of oligoanalgesia is still high in prehospital patients. Given that prehospital emergency medicine in Germany i...

    Authors: Stefan J. Schaller, Felix P. Kappler, Claudia Hofberger, Jens Sattler, Richard Wagner, Gerhard Schneider, Manfred Blobner and Karl-Georg Kanz

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:18

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Bupivacaine and levobupivacaine have similar pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic characteristics, and are used regularly in spinal anesthesia. Whether potential differences in their hemodynamic and anesthetic ...

    Authors: Roser Vives, Diana Fernandez-Galinski, Francisca Gordo, Alberto Izquierdo, Joan C. Oliva, Carmen Colilles and Caridad Pontes

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:17

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Aspiration is a main contributor to morbidity and mortality in anaesthesia. The ideal patient positioning for rapid sequence induction remains controversial. A head-down tilt and full cervical spine extension ...

    Authors: Michael St. Pierre, Frederick Krischke, Bjoern Luetcke and Joachim Schmidt

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:16

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  20. Content type: Research article

    In adolescents limited data are available on the pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD) of propofol. In this study we derived a PK-PD model for propofol in adolescents undergoing idiopathic scoliosis ...

    Authors: Heleen J. Blussé van Oud-Alblas, Margreke J. E. Brill, Mariska Y. M. Peeters, Dick Tibboel, Meindert Danhof and Catherijne A. J. Knibbe

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:15

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  21. Content type: Case report

    The asleep-awake-asleep (AAA) technique and laryngeal mask airway (LMA) is a common general anesthesia technique for deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery. However, the LMA is not always the ideal artificial ai...

    Authors: Wenxi Tang, Penghui Wei, Jiapeng Huang, Na Zhang, Haipeng Zhou, Jinfeng Zhou, Qiang Zheng, Jianjun Li and Zhigang Wang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:14

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) is a critical pathophysiological basis of cognitive dysfunction caused by ischemia stroke. Heme-oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is the rate-limiting enzyme for the elimination of excessive free h...

    Authors: Beibei Dong, Yongyan Yang, Zhishen Zhang, Keliang Xie, Lin Su and Yonghao Yu

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:13

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Airway Scope (AWS) with its plastic blade does not require a head-tilt or separate laryngoscopy to guide intubations. Therefore, we hypothesized that its use would reduce the intubation time (IT) and the frequ...

    Authors: Yoko Okumura, Masahiro Okuda, Aiji Sato Boku, Naoko Tachi, Mayumi Hashimoto, Tomio Yamada and Masahiro Yamada

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:12

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Anticoagulant therapy during pregnancy is widely used due to the increasing awareness of maternal hypercoagulability. Few studies have reported the use of minimally invasive spinal anesthesia in these parturie...

    Authors: Dan Huang, Linjie Zhu, Jie Chen and Jie Zhou

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:11

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Hemorrhage and blood loss are still among the main causes of preventable death. Global hemostatic assays are useful point-of-care test (POCT) devices to rapidly detect cumulative effects of plasma factors and ...

    Authors: H.-G. Topf, E. R. Strasser, G. Breuer, W. Rascher, M. Rauh and F. B. Fahlbusch

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:10

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Several methods have been used to predict difficult tracheal intubation. Among recently suggested methods, the upper lip bite test (ULBT) could serve as a good predictor. Soft tissue and skeletal hard tissue p...

    Authors: Jong Chan Kim, Yumin Ki, Jihee Kim and So Woon Ahn

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:9

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  27. Content type: Research article

    The Cormack-Lehane (C-L) grade III airway is considered to be a challenging airway to intubate and is associated with a poor intubation success rate. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the ho...

    Authors: Tzu-Yao Hung, Li-Wei Lin, Yu-Hang Yeh, Yung-Cheng Su, Chieh-Hung Lin and Ten-Fang Yang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:8

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  28. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed at developing and validating a scoring model to stratify critically ill patients after cardiac surgery based on risk for dysphagia, a common but often neglected complication.

    Authors: Xiao-Dong Zhou, Wei-Hua Dong, Chu-Huan Zhao, Xia-Fei Feng, Wei-Wei Wen, Wen-Yi Tu, Meng-Xing Cai, Tian-Cheng Xu and Qiang-Li Xie

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:7

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  29. Content type: Research article

    It has been reported that postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is correlated with the degeneration of the central nervous system, oxidative stress, inflammation, and endocrine and immune dysfunction. Inc...

    Authors: Yuan Zhang, Hong-Guang Bao, Yun-Luo Lv, Yan-Na Si, Liu Han, Hong-Yu Wang, Yu-Jie Gao, Wei-Qing Jiang and Chen Zhang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:6

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Reperfusion ventricular arrhythmia (RA) associated with hypothermic ischaemic storage is increasingly recognized as a substantial contributor to adverse consequences after heart transplantation. Ischemia- or h...

    Authors: Wei Chao Li, Hong Gao, Ju Gao and Zi Jun Wang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:5

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Insertion under laryngoscopic guidance has been used to achieve ideal positioning of the laryngeal mask airway (LMA). However, to date, the efficacy of this technique has been evaluated only using fiberoptic e...

    Authors: Go Wun Kim, Jong Yeop Kim, Soo Jin Kim, Yeo Rae Moon, Eun Jeong Park and Sung Yong Park

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:4

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  32. Content type: Research article

    In intubation using fiberoptic bronchoscope (FOB), partial or complete obstruction of upper airway makes the FOB insertion difficult. Thus, maneuvers to relieve such obstructions are recommended. There have be...

    Authors: Sanghee Park, Hyung Gon Lee, Jeong Il Choi, Seongheon Lee, Eun-A Jang, Hong-Beom Bae, Jeeyun Rhee, Hyung Chae Yang and Seongtae Jeong

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:3

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  33. Content type: Case report

    Video-assisted transthoracic surgery (VATS) is a minimally invasive procedure that has been reported as a valid method for tracheal resection and reconstruction. However, for patients with tracheal tumors, one...

    Authors: Jin Qiu, Miaomiao Feng, Chuanhan Zhang and Wenlong Yao

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:2

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  34. Content type: Research article

    In vascular surgery with aortic cross-clamping, ischemia/reperfusion injury induces systemic haemodynamic and microcirculatory disturbances. Different anaesthetic regimens may have a varying impact on tissue p...

    Authors: Silvia Loggi, Nicoletta Mininno, Elisa Damiani, Benedetto Marini, Erica Adrario, Claudia Scorcella, Roberta Domizi, Andrea Carsetti, Simona Pantanetti, Gabriele Pagliariccio, Luciano Carbonari and Abele Donati

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2019 19:1

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Endoscopic lung volume reduction using one or more endobronchial valves is a treatment option for a select group of patients with severe emphysema. Patients presenting for this procedure pose various challenge...

    Authors: Venkatesan Thiruvenkatarajan, Thomas Maycock, Dion Grosser and John Currie

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:206

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Muscle wasting in critically ill patients is associated with negative clinical outcomes. Ultrasound quadriceps femoris muscle assessment may constitute a convenient tool to evaluate muscle wasting. Nevertheless, ...

    Authors: Emmanuel Pardo, Hanen El Behi, Priscilla Boizeau, Franck Verdonk, Corinne Alberti and Thomas Lescot

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:205

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Catheter-related bladder discomfort (CRBD), secondary to catheterization of urinary bladder is distressing. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of preoperative education on CRBD with image illustr...

    Authors: Li Zhou, Le Zhou, Leilei Tian, Daojun Zhu, Ziwen Chen, Chang Zheng, Ting Zhou, Xianzheng Zeng, Xiaojuan Jiang, Chunling Jiang and Lulong Bo

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:204

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  38. Content type: Case report

    The type of scalding injury known as ‘teapot syndrome’, where hot liquid is grabbed by the child with the aim of ingestion and falls over a child causing burns on the face, upper thorax and arms, is known to c...

    Authors: V. Verhees, N. Ketharanathan, I. M. M. H. Oen, M. G. A. Baartmans and J. S. H. A. Koopman

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:203

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  39. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study is to assess whether the application of preoperative forced air warming set to high temperature (> 43 °C) for brief period can increase temperature on admission to the postanesthesia ...

    Authors: Joo-Hyun Jun, Mi Hwa Chung, Eun Mi Kim, In-Jung Jun, Jung Hwa Kim, Joon-Sang Hyeon, Mi Hyeon Lee, Hye Sun Lee and Eun Mi Choi

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:201

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  40. Content type: Review

    Fluids are by far the most commonly administered intravenous treatment in patient care. During critical illness, fluids are widely administered to maintain or increase cardiac output, thereby relieving overt t...

    Authors: Claude Martin, Andrea Cortegiani, Cesare Gregoretti, Ignacio Martin-Loeches, Carole Ichai, Marc Leone, Gernot Marx and Sharon Einav

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:200

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Although patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) ligations in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) have been an accepted practice, many are still performed in the Operating Room (OR). Whether avoiding transport lead...

    Authors: Lisa K. Lee, Michelle Y. Woodfin, Marissa G. Vadi, Tristan R. Grogan, Phillip J. Ross, Richard L. Applegate II and Marc Iravani

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:199

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  42. Content type: Technical advance

    Perioperative bleeding and transfusion are important causes of morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing liver transplantation. The aim of this study is to assess whether viscoelastic tests-guided therapy...

    Authors: Raffael P. C. Zamper, Thiago C. Amorim, Veronica N. F. Queiroz, Jordana D. O. Lira, Luiz Guilherme V. Costa, Flavio Takaoka, Nicole P. Juffermans and Ary S. Neto

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:198

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Although the neuroprotective role of propofol has been identified recently, the regulatory mechanism associated with microRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) in neuronal cells remains to be poorly understood. We aimed to explo...

    Authors: Mingwei He, Haiyan Sun, Jinlei Pang, Xiangfei Guo, Yansong Huo, Xianhong Wu, Yaguang Liu and Jun Ma

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:197

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  44. Content type: Case report

    This report describes one case of paravertebral haemorrhage after ultrasound-guided thoracic paravertebral block (TPVB) that may have been attributed to the inadvertent puncture of the posterior intercostal ar...

    Authors: Linlin Song, Yin Zhou and Da Huang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:196

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Laparoscopic surgery typically requires deep neuromuscular blockade (NMB), but whether deep or moderate NMB is superior for thoracoscopic surgery remains controversial.

    Authors: Xiao-feng Zhang, De-yuan Li, Jing-xiang Wu, Qi-liang Jiang, Hong-wei Zhu and Mei-ying Xu

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:195

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  46. Content type: Research article

    An anesthesiologists’ work presents with numerous occupational risks owing to the large amount of time spent inside the operating room where constant noise, anesthetic vapors, ionizing radiation, infectious ag...

    Authors: Daniel Dongiu Kim, Aldemar Kimura Jr, Dayanne Karla Lopes Pontes, Maycon Luiz Silva Oliveira and Debora Oliveira Cumino

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2018 18:193

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