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Perioperative medicine and outcome

This section considers manuscripts concerning anesthesia in the pre-, intra- and post-operative settings. Studies concerning the outcome of patients when this is related to operative anesthesia will also be considered.

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  1. The peri-operative effectiveness of ultrasound-guided great auricular nerve block (GANB) in patients, especially in adult patients undergoing middle ear microsurgery remains unclear. We hypothesized that ultra...

    Authors: Jinsheng Liu, Kezhi Yuan, Hongling Zhou, Li Li, Guyan Wang and Tianzuo Li

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:234

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Whether anesthesia type is associated with the surgical outcome of Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT) remains to be determined. This study aims to investigate the im...

    Authors: Xiao-Yan Meng, Xiu-Ping Zhang, Zhe Sun, Hong-Qian Wang and Wei-Feng Yu

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:233

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Ultrasound guidance can increase the success rate and reduce the incidence of complications of arterial cannulation. There are few studies on the utility of the dynamic needle tip positioning (DNTP) technique ...

    Authors: Bing Bai, Yuan Tian, Yuelun Zhang, Chunhua Yu and Yuguang Huang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:231

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Hypotension following spinal anesthesia (SA) during cesarean delivery (CD) occurs commonly and is related with maternal and fetal complications. Norepinephrine infusion is increasingly used for prevention of p...

    Authors: Kunpeng Feng, Xiaohua Wang, Xuexin Feng, Jinfeng Zhang, Wei Xiao, Fengying Wang, Qi Zhou and Tianlong Wang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:229

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Bupivacaine, an amid-type local anesthetic, is widely used for clinical patients especially in pregnant women. In addition to neurotoxicity effect of bupivacaine, it can cross the placenta, accumulates in this...

    Authors: Alireza Mirkheshti, Alireza Shakeri, Elham Memary, Mansoureh Baniasadi, Jalal Zaringhalam, Ardeshir Tajbakhsh, Marzieh Mirzaei and Elena Lak

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:228

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The cross-sectional area of the subclavian vein (csSCV) is a crucial factor in the successful catheterization of the subclavian vein. This randomized controlled study investigated the effects of the csSCV on l...

    Authors: Hyun-Kyu Yoon, Hyung-Chul Lee, Pyoyoon Kang, Jung-Man Lee, Hee-Pyoung Park and Youn Joung Cho

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:226

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Dexmedetomidine has advantages during colonoscopy as it allows the patient to cooperate during the procedure. Few studies examined the dexmedetomidine-remifentanil combination. This study was to evaluate the e...

    Authors: Li Jia, Meng Xie, Jing Zhang, Jingyu Guo, Tong Tong and Yuying Xing

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:225

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Hydranencephaly is a rare and debilitating congenital condition in which most anesthesiologists are unfamiliar. Primary surgical treatment involves CSF diversion, though other palliative procedures requiring a...

    Authors: Alexis R. Tovar and Allison L. Thoeny

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:224

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) and hypoxaemia are associated with morbidity and mortality. We aimed to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of lung ultrasound (LUS) to diagnose PPCs in patients ...

    Authors: Chen Xie, Kai Sun, Yueyang You, Yue Ming, Xiaoling Yu, Lina Yu, Jiapeng Huang and Min Yan

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:220

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Accurate blood pressure (BP) measurement depends on appropriate cuff size and shape in relation to the arm. Arm dimensions outside the recommended range of cuff sizes or trunco-conical arms may result in inacc...

    Authors: Ming Jian Lim, Chin Wen Tan, Hon Sen Tan, Rehena Sultana, Victoria Eley and Ban Leong Sng

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:218

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Shivering is a common side effect in women having cesarean delivery (CD) under spinal anesthesia, which can be bothersome to the patient, and it can also interfere with perioperative monitoring. In several stu...

    Authors: Yamini Subramani, Mahesh Nagappa, Kamal Kumar, Lee-Anne Fochesato, Moaz Bin Yunus Chohan, Yun Fei Zhu, Kevin Armstrong and Sudha (Indu) Singh

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:214

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Excessive perioperative fluid administration may result in iatrogenic endothelial dysfunction and tissue edema, transducing inflammatory markers into the bloodstream. Colloids remain longer in the circulation,...

    Authors: Mina Obradovic, Andrea Kurz, Barbara Kabon, Georg Roth, Oliver Kimberger, Oliver Zotti, Ahamed Bayoumi, Christian Reiterer, Anton Stift and Edith Fleischmann

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:210

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Perioperative fluid management – including the type, dose, and timing of administration –directly affects patient outcome after major surgery. The objective of fluid administration is to optimize intravascular...

    Authors: Alexandre Joosten, Sean Coeckelenbergh, Brenton Alexander, Amélie Delaporte, Maxime Cannesson, Jacques Duranteau, Bernd Saugel, Jean-Louis Vincent and Philippe Van der Linden

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:209

    Content type: Review

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  14. Cardiac surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is often associated with massive bleeding and blood transfusion. For patients requiring specific blood products, meticulous blood management is critical to re...

    Authors: Yasuhiro Watanabe, Tomofumi Suzuki and Toru Kaneda

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:208

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Our study aimed to test the hypothesis that the addition of intrathecal morphine (ITM) results in reduced postoperative opioid use and enhanced postoperative analgesia in patients undergoing open liver resecti...

    Authors: Jefferson Tang, Leonid Churilov, Chong Oon Tan, Raymond Hu, Brett Pearce, Luka Cosic, Christopher Christophi and Laurence Weinberg

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:207

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Previous studies have shown that intraoperative hypothermia was associated with higher risks of clinical adverse events, but we found otherwise from recent evidences. This study aims to synthesize the existing...

    Authors: He Xu, Zijing Wang, Xin Guan, Yijuan Lu, Daniel Charles Malone, Jack Warren Salmon, Aixia Ma and Wenxi Tang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:202

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The relationship between intraoperative low bispectral index (BIS) values and poor clinical outcomes has been controversial. Intraoperative hypotension is associated with postoperative complication. The purpos...

    Authors: Soohyuk Yoon, Seokha Yoo, Min Hur, Sun-Kyung Park, Hyung-Chul Lee, Chul-Woo Jung, Jae-Hyon Bahk and Jin-Tae Kim

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:200

    Content type: Research article

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  18. More than one published paper are often derived from analyzing the same cohort of individuals to make full use of the collected information. Preplanned study outcomes are generally mentioned in open databases ...

    Authors: Marc Licker, John Diaper and Christoph Ellenberger

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:199

    Content type: Correspondence

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  19. α-receptor agonists have been reported to be safe and effective for treating or preventing spinal-induced hypotension during cesarean delivery. As a pure α1 adrenergic agonist, methoxamine has potential advantage...

    Authors: Feng Fu, Yu-wen Tang, Hong Chen, Cui-cui Jiao, Na Ma and Xin-zhong Chen

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:198

    Content type: Research article

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  20. In morbidly obese patients undergoing laparoscopic bariatric surgery, the combination of obesity-related comorbidities, pneumoperitoneum and extreme posture changes constitutes a high risk of perioperative hem...

    Authors: Ulf Lorenzen, Markus Pohlmann, Jonathan Hansen, Phil Klose, Matthias Gruenewald, Jochen Renner and Gunnar Elke

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:196

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Propofol sedation is effective for gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures, but its narrow therapeutic window highlights the importance of identifying an optimal administration technique regarding effectiveness...

    Authors: María E. García Guzzo, María S. Fernandez, Delfina Sanchez Novas, Sandra S. Salgado, Sergio A. Terrasa, Gonzalo Domenech and Carlos A. Teijido

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:195

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Hyperthermia is relatively rare during general anesthesia; however, a few studies have been conducted on hyperthermia and the neuromuscular blockade (NMB) induced by rocuronium, and the reversal of NMB by suga...

    Authors: Jin Sun Kim, Young Mu Kim, Ha Jung Kim, Jae Moon Choi, Yong Beom Kim, Jae Seok Song and Hong Seuk Yang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:194

    Content type: Research article

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  23. There is no consensus on whether intraoperative hypotension is associated with postoperative cognitive impairment. Hence, we performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the correlation of intraoperative hypotension ...

    Authors: Xiaojin Feng, Jialing Hu, Fuzhou Hua, Jing Zhang, Lieliang Zhang and Guohai Xu

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:193

    Content type: Research article

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  24. N-terminal pro brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and troponin T are released during myocardial wall stress and/or ischemia and are strong predictors for postoperative cardiovascular complications. However,...

    Authors: Christian Reiterer, Barbara Kabon, Alexander Taschner, Oliver Zotti, Andrea Kurz and Edith Fleischmann

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:192

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The efficacy and safety of spinal anesthesia by intrathecal dexmedetomidine (DEX) for parturients undergoing cesarean section are still lack of evidence. This aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy and ...

    Authors: Xiao-xiao Li, Yu-mei Li, Xue-li Lv, Xing-he Wang and Su Liu

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:190

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Preexisting cognitive impairment is emerging as a predictor of poor postoperative outcomes in seniors. Nevertheless, cognitive impairment in a large proportion of geriatric patients has not been well identifie...

    Authors: Shuyuan Gan, Yang Yu, Jiateng Wu, Xiaodong Tang, Yueying Zheng, Mingcang Wang and Shengmei Zhu

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:189

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Long-term mechanical ventilation with hyperoxia can induce lung injury. General anesthesia is associated with a very high incidence of hyperoxaemia, despite it usually lasts for a relatively short period of ti...

    Authors: Xiao-Xia Wang, Xiao-Lan Sha, Yu-Lan Li, Chun-Lan Li, Su-Heng Chen, Jing-Jing Wang and Zhengyuan Xia

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:188

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The pathogenesis of Parkinson’s disease (PD) involves degeneration of dopaminergic neurons, which is influenced by innate and adaptive immunity. IL-17 is a characteristic cytokine secreted by Th17 cells, which...

    Authors: Won Jung Hwang, Min A. Joo and Jin Joo

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:187

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Individualized fluid management (IFM) has been shown to be useful to improve the postoperative outcome of patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. A limited number of clinical studies have been done in ort...

    Authors: Lu Che, Xiu H. Zhang, Xu Li, Yue L. Zhang, Li Xu and Yu G. Huang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:181

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The ideal fraction of nitrous oxide (N2O) in oxygen (O2) for rapid lung collapse remains unclear. Accordingly, this prospective trial aimed to determine the 50% effective concentration (EC50) and 95% effective co...

    Authors: Chao Liang, Yuechang Lv, Yu Shi, Jing Cang and Changhong Miao

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:180

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Since blood pressure tends to be unstable during induction of anesthesia in patients undergoing cardiovascular surgery, an artery catheter is often inserted before induction to continuously monitor arterial pr...

    Authors: Tadashi Tanioku, Akari Yoshida, Yuichi Aratani, Keisuke Fujii and Tomoyuki Kawamata

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:176

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Oral hydration has typically not been administered for between 4 and 6 h postoperative for children’s safety in China. But children are more likely to suffer from apnea, crying and agitation, wound bleeding, a...

    Authors: Xiaorong Yin, Xiaoqi Zeng, Ting Wang, Binbin Dong, Menghang Wu, Anna Jia and Ling Ye

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:174

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The laryngeal mask airway (LMA) is occasionally used in internal fixation of rib fractures. We evaluated the feasibility of general anesthesia with an LMA associated to a thoracic paravertebral block (TPB) and...

    Authors: Jun Cao, Xiaoyun Gao, Xiaoli Zhang, Jing Li and Junfeng Zhang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:170

    Content type: Technical advance

    Published on:

  34. In the previous randomized controlled trial by our research group, we evaluated the effect of remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) in 130 patients (65 per arm) on acute kidney injury (AKI) within 7 days of o...

    Authors: Yimeng Chen, Guyan Wang, Hui Zhou, Lijing Yang, Congya Zhang, Xiying Yang and Guiyu Lei

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:169

    Content type: Research article

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  35. To investigate the effect of intravenous injection of dexmedetomidine combined with parecoxib sodium on sedation and anxiety and stress response of tracheal intubation in patients undergoing functional endosco...

    Authors: Xiaoxia Gu, Xiujuan Tan, Jinxian Chen, Jingjing Wang, Yue Lu and Liangqing Zhang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:166

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Embolic stroke is a common complication of atrial myxoma, whereas multiple cerebral aneurysms associated with atrial myxoma is rare. The pathogenesis of the cerebral vascular disease related to an atrial myxom...

    Authors: Ran Zhang, Zhiyu Tang, Qing Qiao, Feroze Mahmood and Yi Feng

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:164

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  37. A mouth gag is usually used during tonsillectomy and adenotonsillectomy surgeries, cleft palate repair, obstructive sleep apnea surgery, and intraoral tumor excision. The placement of the gag causes hemodynami...

    Authors: Başak Altiparmak, Melike Korkmaz Toker, Ali İhsan Uysal, Sabri Köseoğlu and Semra Gümüş Demirbilek

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:163

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. The choice of anesthesia technique remains debatable in patients undergoing surgical repair of hip fracture. This meta-analysis was performed to compare the effect of neuraxial (epidural/spinal) versus general...

    Authors: Xinxun Zheng, Yuming Tan, Yuan Gao and Zhiheng Liu

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:162

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Intraoperative hypotension is associated with increased morbidity and mortality after surgery. We hypothesized that intraoperative hypotension might also be associated with worse long-term survival after cance...

    Authors: Wen-Wen Huang, Wen-Zhi Zhu, Dong-Liang Mu, Xin-Qiang Ji, Xue-Ying Li, Daqing Ma and Dong-Xin Wang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:160

    Content type: Research article

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  40. For infants undergoing complex cardiac surgery, hemodynamic management after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is challenging because of severe myocardial edema, vasomotor dysfunction and weak tolerance to a change...

    Authors: Xuechao Hao and Wei Wei

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:159

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  41. In women presenting for caesarean section under spinal anesthesia, continuous measurement of circulatory aspects, such as blood pressure and cardiac output, is often needed. At present, invasive techniques are...

    Authors: Ivar N. Omenås, Christian Tronstad and Leiv Arne Rosseland

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:157

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Major abdominal surgery is associated with endothelial glycocalyx disruption. The anti-inflammatory effects of lidocaine were recently associated with endothelial barrier protection.

    Authors: Marco Pustetto, Nicolas Goldsztejn, Karim Touihri, Edgard Engelman, Brigitte Ickx and Luc Van Obbergh

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:155

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Acute renal injury (AKI) caused by hypotension often occurs in elderly patients after gastrointestinal tumor surgery. Although vasoactive drugs can increase effective filtration pressure, they may increase ren...

    Authors: Xiaowei Guo, Jie Hu, Hanbing Xiao, Tianyu Liu, Zheng Niu, Min Wang and Dunyi Qi

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:148

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Dramatic hemodynamic fluctuation occurs frequently during surgery for pheochromocytoma or paraganglioma. However, the criteria of intraoperative hemodynamic instability vary widely, and most of them were defin...

    Authors: Nan Li, Hao Kong, Shuang-Ling Li, Sai-Nan Zhu, Zheng Zhang and Dong-Xin Wang

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:147

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Loss of resistance (LOR) technique is a widely used method to identify the epidural space. However, cases of inadequate epidural anesthesia in cesarean section were frequently reported. Also, the success rate ...

    Authors: Young Sung Kim, Hyo Sung Kim, Hyerim Jeong, Chung Hun Lee, Mi Kyoung Lee and Sang Sik Choi

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:146

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. Previous studies showed that remifentanil-induced anesthesia can inhibit surgical stress response in non-diabetic adult patients and that low-dose glucose loading during anesthesia may attenuate fat catabolism...

    Authors: Kohei Fukuta, Asuka Kasai, Noriko Niki, Yuki Ishikawa, Ryosuke Kawanishi, Nami Kakuta, Yoko Sakai, Yasuo M. Tsutsumi and Katsuya Tanaka

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:143

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  47. The volume effect of iso-oncotic colloid is supposedly larger than crystalloid, but such differences are dependent on clinical context. The purpose of this single center observational study was to compare the ...

    Authors: Daisuke Toyoda, Yuichi Maki, Yasumasa Sakamoto, Junki Kinoshita, Risa Abe and Yoshifumi Kotake

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:141

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  48. Spinal anesthesia is optimal choice for transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), but the sensory block should not cross the T10 level. With advancing age, the sensory blockade level increases after spin...

    Authors: Wei Bing Wang, Ai Jiao Sun, Hong Ping Yu, Jing Chun Dong and Huang Xu

    Citation: BMC Anesthesiology 2020 20:139

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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