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Table 3 Mean values, change and responsiveness of the Dutch Quality of Recovery-15 scale (QoR-15NL)

From: Validation of the Dutch translation of the quality of recovery-15 scale

QoR-15NL item Preoperative Postoperative Absolute change from baseline Baseline change Cohen's effect size (n = 158) Standardised
   QoR-15NL (n = 158) QoR-15NL (n = 165) (95% confidence interval (n = 158) (%; n = 158)   response mean (n = 158)
1 Able to breathe easy 9.5 (1.2) 8.5 (1.9) -1.0 (-1.3; -0.7) 11 0.59 0.49
2 Been able to enjoy food 8.9 (1.9) 6.8 (3.1) -2.1 (-2.5; -1.6) 24 0.77 0.68
3 Feeling rested 7.7 (1.9) 5.6 (2.7) -2.1 (2.5; -1.7) 27 0.89 0.76
4 Have had a good sleep 7.5 (2.1) 5.3 (2.8) -2.2 (2.8; -1.8) 29 0.93 0.74
5 Able to look after personal toilet and hygiene unaided 9.5 (1.4) 5.8 (3.3) -3.7 (-4.2; -3.1) 39 1.4 1.05
6 Able to communicate with family or friends 9.7 (0.9) 8.4 (2.3) -1.3 (-1.7; -0.9) 20 0.75 0.55
7 Getting support from hospital doctors and nurses 9.0 (1.7) 9.2 (1.4) 0.2 (-0.2; 0.5) 2 -0.07 0.06
8 Able to return to work or usual home activities 7.8 (2.9) 2.2 (2.9) -5.6 (-6.3; -5.0) 72 1.98 1.38
9 Feeling comfortable and in control 8.1 (2.1) 6.3 (2.8) -1.8 (-2.3; -1.3) 22 0.73 0.57
10 Having a feeling of general well-being 8.3 (1.6) 6.7 (2.5) -1.6 (2.1; -1.3) 19 0.79 0.65
11 Moderate pain 6.6 (3.6) 5.0 (3.0) -1.6 (-2.2; -1.0 24 0.49 0.40
12 Severe pain 8.0 (3.1) 6.9 (2.9) -1.1 (-1.6; 0.5) 14 0.36 0.29
13 Nausea or vomiting 9.0 (2.7) 7.7 (3.2) -1.3 (-1.9; -0.7) 14 0.42 0.33
14 Feeling worried or anxious 7.0 (2.7) 7.6 (2.8) 0.6 (0.1; 1.0) 9 -0.22 0.17
15 Feeling sad or depressed 7.8 (2.8) 8.1 (2.7) 0.3 (-0.2; 0.7) 4 -0.11 0.08
Total   124.0 (18.4) 99.8 (24.8) -24.2 (-28.2; -20.1) 20 1.11 0.93
  1. Mean (standard deviation) or (95% confidence interval)