Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline comparison between the three groups

From: Analgesic effects of sufentanil in combination with flurbiprofen axetil and dexmedetomidine after open gastrointestinal tumor surgery: a retrospective study

  ALL n = 640 MPCIA n = 552 OPCIA n = 48 PCEA n = 40 Difference [95% CI] Statistical value p value
MPCIA vs OPCIA MPCIA vs PCEA OPCIA vs PCEA
Gender, n(%) Male 387 (60.5%) 335 (60.7%) 28 (58.3%) 24 (60.0%)     0.149 0.953
Female 253 (39.5%) 217 (39.3%) 20 (41.7%) 16 (40.0%)
Age, year-old, M ± Std (Min-Max) 58.2 ± 12.1 (19.0–84.0) 58.3 ± 12.3 (19.0–84.0) 58.7 ± 10.4 (28.0–79.0) 57.0 ± 11.2 (34.0–78.0) − 0.44 [−4.82,3.94] 1.26 [−3.51,6.03) 1.70 [−4.53,7.94) 0.244 0.784
Age cohorts, n(%) 60 years 318 (49.7%) 276 (50.0%) 23 (47.9%) 19 (47.5%)     0.177 0.926
65 years 231 (36.1%) 198 (35.9%) 18 (37.5%) 15 (37.5%)     0.141 0.951
70 years 122 (19.1%) 113 (20.5%) 6 (12.5%) 3 (7.5%)     5.461 0.062
75 years 42 (6.6%) 39 (7.1%) 2 (4.2%) 1 (2.5%)     1.086 0.638
Height, cm, M ± Std (Min-Max) 162.2 ± 7.9 (122.0–185.0) 162.5 ± 8.0 (122.0–185.0) 162.2 ± 7.7 (145.0–176.0) 163.3 ± 7.2 (145.0–176.0) 0.33 [−2.81,3.46] -0.79 [-4.00,2.42] -1.11 [-5.44,3.21] 0.217 0.805
Weight, kg, M ± Std (Min-Max) 60.8 ± 9.9 (39.0–94.0) 60.9 ± 10.0 (39.0–94.0) 58.6 ± 9.6 (41.0–86.0) 62.0 ± 8.6 (45.0–80.0) 2.26 [-1.31,5.84] -1.14 [-5.03,2.75] -3.40 [-8.49,1.69] 1.485 0.227
BMI, kg/m2, M ± Std (Min-Max) 22.9 ± 3.1 (15.6–39.0) 23.0 ± 3.2 (15.6–39.0) 21.9 ± 2.7 (17.1–27.8) 23.2 ± 2.8 (17.2–27.9) 1.13 [-0.10,2.36] -0.20 [-1.47,1.06] -1.33 [-3.03,0.37] 2.571 0.077
BMI cohorts (a), n(%) Normal 330 (57.5%) 284 (57.3%) 25 (62.5%) 21 (55.3%)     11.234 0.061
Underweight 43 (7.5%) 34 (6.9%) 7 (17.5%) 2 (5.3%)    
Overweight 172 (30.0%) 149 (30.0%) 8 (20.0%) 15 (39.5%)    
Obese 29 (5.1%) 29 (5.8%) 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%)    
Tumor location (b), n(%) Top 267 (41.7%) 226 (40.9%) 24 (50.0%) 17 (42.5%)     3.153 0.533
Middle 109 (17.0%) 99 (17.9%) 6 (12.5%) 4 (10.0%)    
Bottom 264 (41.3%) 227 (41.1%) 18 (37.5%) 19 (47.5%)    
Time of operation, h, M ± Std 2.9 ± 1.2 2.9 ± 1.2 3.1 ± 1.3 2.7 ± 1.1 -0.23 [-0.66,0.20] 0.13 [-0.34,0.61] 0.36 [-0.25,0.98] 1.155 0.316
  1. Abbreviation: n = number, M = Mean, Std = Standard deviation, Min = Minimum value, Max = Maximum value, BMI = Body mass index
  2. BMI cohorts (a): Normal: 18.5–23.9 kg/m2, Underweight: less than 18.5 kg/m2, Overweight: 24.0–27.9 kg/m2,Obese: more than 27.9 kg/m2
  3. Tumor location (b): Top: located in and above the duodenum, as in gastric cancer; Middle: located between the duodenum and sigmoid colon, such as transverse colon cancer; Bottom: located at and below the sigmoid colon, such as rectal cancer