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Table 1 Details of the surgery and postoperative complications

From: The effects of preoperative alcohol, tobacco, and psychological stress on postoperative complications: a prospective observational study

Type of surgery n (%)
Breast surgery 209 (29.0)
Gastrointestinal surgery 129 (17.9)
Orthopedic surgery 96 (13.3)
Otolaryngology surgery 66 (9.2)
Abdominal surgery for gynecology 51 (7.1)
Cholecystectomy, staging laparoscopy, stoma construction/closure 33 (4.5)
Thoracic surgery 29 (4.0)
Thyroid/parathyroid surgery 27 (3.7)
Hepatic surgery 23 (3.2)
Abdominal surgery for urology 19 (2.6)
Pancreatic surgery 17 (2.4)
Transvaginal/urethral surgery 8 (1.1)
Craniotomy 3 (0.4)
Hernia repair 2 (0.3)
Others (minor surgery) 9 (1.3)
Postoperative complications n (%)
Anastomotic leak/Peritonitis 11 (1.5)
Pancreatic fistula/Gallbladder fistula 9 (1.2)
Wound infection/dehiscence 8 (1.1)
Intra-abdominal abscess 8 (1.1)
Ileus/Gastroesophageal reflux disease 6 (0.8)
Postoperative hemorrhage 5 (0.7)
Atrial Fibrillation 4 (0.6)
Pneumonia/Atelectasis 3 (0.4)
Anastomotic stenosis 3 (0.4)
Pulmonary fistula/Pleural effusion 2 (0.3)
Enterovesical fistula/Rectalvaginal fistula 2 (0.3)
Ischemic heart disease 1 (0.1)
Implant infection 1 (0.1)
Urinary retention 1 (0.1)
Other  
Hyperactive delirium 8 (1.1)
Bronchial asthma 2 (0.3)
Infection of Infusion line 2 (0.3)
Herpes zoster, influenza, pustulosis, diverticulitis 4 (0.6)
In-hospital death (137 days after surgery) 1
In-hospital death after readmission 1
Reoperation within 30 days of surgery 12
Readmission 4
Length of stay after surgery (days) 9 (6–13)
  1. Details of postoperative complications in 721 patients within 30 days of surgery. A total of 80 complications were found in 79 out of 721 patients (11%). One patient experienced both atrial fibrillation and pleural effusion