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Table 4 Date of SSIs onset, culture results and list of prophylactic antimicrobial agents by procedure

From: Risk factors for pediatric surgical site infection following neurosurgical procedures for hydrocephalus: a retrospective single-center cohort study

Procedure Median interval (days) SSI interval (POD) Culture date (POD) Culture resources Culture result Prophylactic antibiotics SSI type
VP shunt 18.5 4 4 CSF Staphylococcus aureus cefepime/vancomycin Organ/Space
31 38 CSF peritoneal fluid shunt catheter tip   clindamycin Organ/Space
63 63 CSF Staphylococcus capitis cefazolin Organ/Space
11 11 CSF Staphylococcus capitis cefazolin Organ/Space
53 53 CSF Cutibacterium acnes clindamycin Organ/Space
29 30 Catheter Tip Enterococcus avium clindamycin Organ/Space
2 2 CSF Rothia aeriaStreptococcus viridans cefazolin Organ/Space
5 6 VP Shunt Corynebacterium coyleaeCutibacterium acnes cefazolin Organ/Space
15 15 CSF Serratia marcescens cefazolin Organ/Space
36 36 CSF Trichosporon asahii cefazolin Organ/Space
15 15 CSF   cefazolin Organ/Space
89 89 CSF, shunt tubing, shunt swab   cefazolin Organ/Space
10 10 CSF   cefazolin Organ/Space
22 22 CSF Cutibacterium acnes cefazolin Organ/Space
EVD   20 21 CSF Stenotrophomonas maltophilia cefazolin Organ/Space
2 2 CSF Staphylococcus epidermidis   Organ/Space
9 9 CSF Staphylococcus epidermidis cefazolin Organ/Space
6 66 CSF Acinetobacter sp. Microbacterium Caulobacter segnis cefazolin Organ/Space
12 11 CSF Staphylococcus epidermidis cefazolin Organ/Space
  1. SSIs surgical site infection, POD Postoperative day, V-P ventriculo-peritoneal, EVD external ventricular drain, CSF cerebrospinal fluid