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Table 2 Characteristics of children and surgery

From: Intraoperative transfusion practice in burned children in a university hospital over four years: a retrospective analysis

Patient characteristics All children
n = 138
Children with transfusion of RBC
n = 31
Children without transfusion of RBC
n = 107
p-value*
Gender (years)
N = 138
m: 83 (60%)
f: 55 (40%)
m: 23 (74%)
f: 8 (26%)
m: 60 (56%)
f: 47 (44%)
0.0952
Age (months)
N = 138
21 (9–101) 19 (12–93) 21 (9–101) 0.5568
Weight (kg) n = 136 (31/105)** 12 (7–30) 12 (9.5–30) 12 (7–30) 0.7463
ASA Classification
N = 130 (29/101)
1: 34 (26%) 1: 4 (14%) 1: 30 (30%) 0.0155
2: 72 (55%) 2: 14 (48%) 2: 58 (57%)
3: 16 (12. %) 3: 7 (24%) 3: 9 (9%)
4: 8 (6%) 4: 4 (14%) 4: 4 (4%)
Prothrombin time n = 44 (17/27) 97% (40–125%) 91% (40–124%) 100% (64–125%) 0.1656
Lactate level n = 47 (28/19) 1.0 (0.3–4.8) g/dL 1.0 (0.3–4.8) g/dL 1.0 (0.3–2.8) g/dL 0.8708
Proportion of TBSA 15% (1–40) 30% (4–40) 10% (1–40) <  0.0001
Length of surgery (min)
N = 138
72 (5–475) 210 (28–475) 47 (5–400) <  0.0001
Minimal hemoglobin (g/dL)
N = 91 (31/60)
9.6 (6.3–13.8) 8 (6.3–11.3) 10.7 (7.0–13.8) <  0.0001
Postoperative length of hospital stay (days) n = 138 11 (1–94) 41 (9–94) 8 (1–91) <  0.001
catecholamines N = 138 Yes: 14 (10%)
No: 124 (90%)
Yes: 8 (26%)a
No: 23 (74%)
Yes: 6 (6%)b
No: 101 (94%)
0.0032
  1. TBSA total burned body surface area, ASA American Society of Anesthesiologists, m male, f female. Values are absolute numbers (proportion) or median (minimum-maximum)
  2. aapplied directly before or while transfusion bapplied during the hospital stay
  3. *p values for comparison between children with and without transfusion
  4. **Numbers in brackets give numbers of children with and without transfusion for whom measurement is available