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Table 4 Postoperative data comparisons among groups

From: Effect of low-concentration carbohydrate on patient-centered quality of recovery in patients undergoing thyroidectomy: a prospective randomized trial

  F Group PW Group CH Group P value
Anal first exhaust time (hour) 19.78 ± 5.35 16.14 ± 4.68a 15.59 ± 5.10a 0.001
Anal first defecates time (hour) 39.24 ± 13.58 35.81 ± 9.52 31.84 ± 10.86a 0.024
Drainage tube extraction time (day) 3 (1) 3 (1) 3 (1) 0.781
Postoperative hospital stay (day) 4 (1) 4 (1.75) 3 (1.5) 0.977
Nausea (n) 13 (35.1%) 4 (11.1%)a 4 (10.8%)a 0.010
Vomiting (n) 10 (27.0%) 2 (5.6%)a 3 (8.1%) 0.014
  1. Data are presented as mean ± SDs, M (IQR) or number of patients (%). Details of the groups are shown in Table 1
  2. The time begins when the patient leaves the operating room. It is recorded as the first day after the operation from 0 a.m. on the night of the operation
  3. acompared with F group the difference was significant at 0.05 level