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Table 1 Patients characteristics among groups

From: Effect of low-concentration carbohydrate on patient-centered quality of recovery in patients undergoing thyroidectomy: a prospective randomized trial

  F Group PW Group CH Group P value
Age (years) 46 (20) 45.5 (16.75) 49 (16.50) 0.480
BMI (kg/m2) 23.24 (2.92) 23.72 (2.4) 23.73 (3.47) 0.172
Gender (male/female, n) 8 / 29 8 / 28 9 / 28 0.959
ASA Physical status (I/II, n) 25 / 13 28 / 8 27 / 10 0.463
Anesthesia time (min) 130.16 ± 41.87 124.22 ± 41.53 121.03 ± 32.58 0.593
Surgery time (min) 107.5 ± 41.28 102 ± 39.64 100.68 ± 33.49 0.753
Basic MAP (mmHg) 91.67 (12.83) 89.83 (12.67) 93.67 (15.67) 0.165
Basic HR (bpm) 78.95 ± 11.82 79 ± 9.95 80.16 ± 10.03 0.761
Gastric volume (ml) 40.00 ± 17.31 37.21 ± 14.94 37.73 ± 16.08 0.734
  1. Data are expressed as mean ± SDs, M (IQR) or number of patients (%) as appropriated
  2. CH group Oral intake of 300 ml carbohydrate solution 2 h before surgery, PW group Oral intake of 300 ml pure water 2 h before surgery, F group Fasting for 8 h before surgery. ASA American Society of Anesthesiologists, BMI Body mass index. Basic MAP and HR: results of first measurement after admission