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Table 1 socio demographic characteristics of patients who undergo elective laparotomy surgery at Hawassa compressive specialized hospital

From: Comparison of preemptive paracetamol, paracetamol-diclofenac & paracetamol-tramadol combination on postoperative pain after elective abdominal surgery under general anesthesia, Ethiopia: a randomized control trial study, 2018

  Group P Group PD Group PT P-value
Age (year)a 41.67 ± 7.52 45.33 ± 7.72 42.10 ± 9.07 0.286
Gender (M /F)b 10/11 12/9 8/13 0.466
Weight (kg)a 58.28 ± 3.47 57.52 ± 3.54 59.26 ± 3.67 0.300
ASA I / IIb 16/5 18/3 17/4 0.734
Operation duration (min)a 118.10 ± 23.05 112.38 ± 19.34 114.05 ± 17.51 0.640
Anesthesia duration (min)a 134.76 ± 22.28 129.76 ± 19.97 132.14 ± 17.72 0.723
Type of surgeryb
 Gastrointestinal(n) 13(61.9%) 12 (57.2%) 11 (52.3%) 0.436
 Gynecological(n) 8 (38.1%) 9 (42.8%) 10 (47.7%)
Surgical incision length 15 (14–16) 15 (15–17) 14 (15–17) 0.765
  1. Data are given as mean ± SD or Median (Q1-Q3) or Case number/ proportion (n/%), (ANOVA, Kruskal-Wallis test and Tukey test, Chi-Square Test)
  2. aMean ± SD
  3. bCase number (proportion)