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Table 3 Postoperative outcome data within 30 days

From: Outcome impact of individualized fluid management during spine surgery: a before-after prospective comparison study

  Control
(n = 150)
IFM
(n = 150)
P value
PRIMARY OUTCOME
 Patients with one or more complications, n (%) 72 (48) 48 (32) 0.005
COMPONENT OF COMPLICATIONS
GASTRO-INTESTINAL COMPLICATIONS
 PONV, n (%) 55 (38) 29 (19) 0.001
 Ileus, n (%) 1 (1) 0 (0) 1
INFECTIOUS COMPLICATIONS
 Urinary tract infection, n (%) 14 (9) 1 (1) 0.001
 Surgical site infection, n (%) 8 (5) 1 (1) 0.017
 Pneumonia, n (%) 3 (3) 3 (2) 1
 Blood stream infection, n (%) 1 (1) 0 (0) 1
CARDIAC COMPLICATIONS
 Cardiac arrest, n (%) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1
 Myocardial infarction, n (%) 0 (0) 1 (1) 1
 Heart failure, n (%) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1
 Arrhythmia, n (%) 0 (0) 1 (1) 1
 Hypotension, n (%) 2 (1) 0 (0) 0.498
 Pulmonary embolism, n (%) 0 (0) 1 (0.7) 1
 Deep venous thrombosis, n (%) 2 (1.3) 0 (0) 0.498
 Stroke, n (%) 1 (0.7) 0 (0) 1
OTHER COMPLICATIONS
 Prolonged mechanical ventilation, n (%) 1 (1) 0 (0) 1
 Acute kidney injury, n (%) 11 (7) 20 (13) 0.1
 ARDS, n (%) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1
SECONDARY OUTCOME
 ICU admission, n (%) 12 (8) 13 (9) 0.834
 Postoperative hospital length of stay (days) 14 (12–18) 14 (10–18) 0.576
 Mortality, n (%) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1
  1. Data are presented as mean ± SD, median (interquartile range), or absolute numbers (percentage). IFM: Individualized fluid management, ICU: Intensive care unit, ARDS: Acute respiratory distress syndrome, PONV: postoperative nausea and vomiting