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Table 2 Surgery performed. Placebo (PLA) group and lidocaine (LIDO) group, data as mean ± SD or n (%)

From: Intravenous lidocaine to prevent endothelial dysfunction after major abdominal surgery: a randomized controlled pilot trial

 PLA (n = 20)LIDO (n = 20)
Laparotomy11 (55)12 (60)
Laparoscopy4 (20)5 (25)
Both5 (25)3 (15)
Interventions
 Total Mesorectal Excision3 (15)2 (10)
 Gastrectomy (total or partial)2 (10)3 (15)
 Duodeno-Cephalo-Pancreatectomy8 (40)4 (20)
 Abdominoperineal resection1 (5)1 (5)
 Surrenalectomy1 (5)1 (5)
 Ovarian cancer cytoreductive surgery2 (10)1 (5)
 Extensive retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy01 (5)
 Nephrectomy (total or partial)2 (10)6 (30)
 Cystectomy1 (5)1 (5)
 Duration, skin-to-skin (min)232 ± 89228 ± 80