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Table 6 Results of non-anesthesiologist administered sedation of previous studies and results of anesthesiologist-administered sedation of present study

From: Sedation-related complications during anesthesiologist-administered sedation for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography: a prospective study

StudiesNumber of patientsAge, yearsGender, [m/f]ASAProcedureMean propofol [mg]
Vargo et al. [11]3852.9 ± 2.421 / 17ASA I: 14 (36.8%)
ASA II: 16 (42.1%)ASA III: 8 (21.1%)
ASA IV: -
EUS
ERCP
356.8
Riphaus et al. [9]7783.7 ± 7.835 / 42ASA I: -
ASA II: -
ASA III: 32 (41.6%)
ASA IV: 39 (50.6%)
ERCP322
Kongkam et al. [8]6752.3 ± 11.940 / 27ASA I: 26 (38.8%)
ASA II: 22 (32.8%)
ASA III: 19 (28.4%)
ASA IV: -
ERCP299.9
Schilling et al. [10]7682.425 / 51ASA I: -
ASA II: -
ASA III: 34 (44.7%)
ASA IV: 12 (15.8%)
ERCP
EUS
DBE
376
Present study20056.3 ± 15.2128/72ASA I: 7 (3.5)
ASA II: 73 (36.5)
ASA III: 119 (59.5)
ASA IV: 1 (0.5)
ERCP287
StudiesNumber of patients with hypoxemiaNumber of patients with hypotensionNumber of patients with bradycardiaFailure to complete examination
Vargo et al. [11]14 (37%)6 (15.8%)NANA
Riphaus et al. [9]8 (11%)6 (8%)3 (4%)NA
Kongkam et al. [8]15 (22.4%)6 (9%)2 (3%)3
Schilling et al. [10]9 (11.8%)4 (5.2%)5 (6.5%)NA
Present study18 (9%)18 (9%)0 (0%)2 (1%)
StudiesProcedure time,[min]Endoscopist-reported satisfactionPatient-reported satisfactionTime to recovery, [min]
Vargo et al. [11]53.6 ± 38.17 ± 0.289.01 ± 0.318.6 ± 6.5
Riphaus et al. [9]29 ± 198.7 ± 1.78.4 ± 1.922 ± 7
Kongkam et al. [8]39.8 ± 32.57.4No significant difference17.24 ± 5.99
Schilling et al. [10]42 ± 187 ± 2NANA
Present study25 ± 169.3 ± 1.39.6 ± 0.814 ± 10
  1. Bradycardia: heart rate < 40 bpm; DBE Double-balloon enteroscopy, EUS Endoscopic ultrasound; Hypotension: SBP < 90 mmHg; Hypoxemia: O2 saturation < 90%; NA: data not recorded