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Table 3 Adjusted Primary and Secondary Outcomes

From: Association of intraoperative hyperglycemia and postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery: a multicenter retrospective study

 Primary Outcome: 30-Day Combined Morbidity and MortalitySecondary Outcome: 30-Day Infectious Complications
Adjusted Odds Ratio95% Confidence IntervalP-ValueAdjusted Odds Ratio95% Confidence IntervalP-Value
Age1.011.01, 1.02< 0.0011.011.00, 1.010.193
Female Sex0.990.85, 1.160.9031.010.85, 1.200.908
Race
 White (ref)
 American Indian or Alaska Native0.480.10, 2.250.3520.770.17, 3.570.736
 Asian2.381.09, 5.220.0301.590.65, 3.870.308
 Black or African American0.760.61, 0.940.0130.870.68, 1.110.253
 Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander3.040.07, 130.470.5634.700.14, 154.140.385
 Unknown0.840.56, 1.270.4020.930.59, 1.470.761
WHO BMI Classification
 Normal (ref)
 Underweight1.160.68, 1.270.5891.791.04, 3.100.036
 Overweight0.960.77, 1.670.6751.080.85, 1.390.525
 Obese0.980.80, 1.190.8681.040.82, 1.310.764
ASA Class
 2 (ref)
 1< 0.001< 0.001, > 9990.972< 0.001< 0.001, > 9990.977
 31.441.08, 1.910.0121.290.95, 1.770.108
 42.411.75, 3.33< 0.0011.631.13, 2.330.008
Procedure Category
 General (ref)
 Endocrine1.380.98, 1.930.0661.380.95, 2.010.091
 GI (Upper or Colorectal)1.941.53, 2.46< 0.0011.851.41, 2.41< 0.001
 Hepatobiliary0.670.48, 0.930.0170.850.59, 1.230.394
 Vascular0.620.48, 0.81< 0.0010.520.39, 0.70< 0.001
Urgent/Emergent Case1.901.61, 2.25< 0.0011.501.24, 1.81< 0.001
Year 20131.190.98, 1.450.0801.321.06, 1.660.015
Year 20141.020.84, 1.230.8691.150.92, 1.430.230
Intraop Insulin Administered1.200.96, 1.480.1041.311.03, 1.670.027
Surgical Time (per minute)1.0041.003, 1.004< 0.0011.0031.002, 1.003< 0.001
Number of Comorbiditiesa1.161.11, 1.22< 0.0011.211.15, 1.28< 0.001
Blood Glucose > 180 mg/dl1.050.86, 1.280.6230.930.74, 1.160.502
  1. aComorbidities include diabetes, ventilator dependence, COPD, pneumonia, ascites, congestive heart failure, hypertension, history of peripheral vascular disease, currently requiring or on dialysis, disseminated cancer, open wound, use of steroids/immunosuppressive medications for chronic condition, > 10% loss of body weight in the 6 months prior to surgery, alcohol use > 2 drinks/day in the 2 weeks prior to surgery, presence of sleep apnea, cigarette use within 1 year, presence of sepsis or severe sepsis within 48 h prior to surgery, history of coronary artery disease, and history of deep vein thrombosis