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Table 4 Postoperative complications

From: Impact of a goal directed fluid therapy algorithm on postoperative morbidity in patients undergoing open right hepatectomy: a single centre retrospective observational study

  GDT group (n = 26) Usual care group (n = 32) p-value
Patients with complications 9 (35%) 18 (56%) 0.10
Number of Complications 26 37 Not estimable
Clavien-Dindo Classification (worst complication
 Grade I & II 5 (19.2%) 14 (43.8%) 0.06
 Grade III 0 1 (3.1%) > 0.99
 Grade IV 3 (11.5%) 1 (3.1%) 0.31
 Grade V 0 2 (6.2%) 0.49
Wound infection    0.44
 Superficial surgical site infection 0 0  
 Deep surgical site infection 2 (7.7%) 5 (15.6%)  
Sepsis 2 (7.7%) 4 (12.5%) 0.68
Electrolyte abnormality requiring treatment 4 (15.4%) 2 (6.2%) 0.39
Delayed gastric emptying 2 (7.7%) 4 (12.5%) 0.68
Bile leak 1 (3.8%) 2 (6.2%) > 0.99
Acute kidney injury 4 (15.4%) 1 (3.1%) 0.16
Pulmonary embolus 3 (11.5%) 0 0.08
Pulmonary atelectasis/effusion 2 (7.7%) 3 (9.4%) > 0.99
Myocardial infarction 0 (0%) 1 (3.1%) > 0.99
Arrhythmia 0 2 (6.2%) 0.49
Postoperative delirium 3 (11.5%) 1 (3.1%) 0.31
Acute liver failure 0 2 (6.2%) 0.49
Othera 2 (7.7%) 5 (15.6%) 0.44
Return to theatre 1 (3.8%) 2 (6.2%) > 0.99
Death within 30 days 0 (0%) 2 (6.2%) 0.49
  1. a Other: blood transfusion, medical emergency team activation for hypotension, pneumothorax
  2. Data presented as number (proportion)