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Table 3 Data from the intra- and postoperative period in thirty patients undergoing extrapleural pneumonectomy (EPP)

From: Using clinical parameters to guide fluid therapy in high-risk thoracic surgery. A retrospective, observational study

  Before group (n = 18) After group (n = 12) P value
Duration of surgery (minutes)a 220 (185; 315) 239 (162; 305) 0.17
Bleeding (millilitres)a 1000 (600; 2400) 1065 (250; 1600) 0.49
Cumulated urine output on the day of surgerya 1810 (1240; 2995) 1528 (945; 2320) 0.01
Values of ScvO2, obtained in the ICU on the day of surgerya, b    
 Lowest values in the period 61.8 % (42.7; 71.2) 60.2 % (56.6; 74.1) 0.45
 Highest values in the period 65.0 % (60.1; 77.0) 70.6 % (62.5; 78.6) 0.05
Needed inopressor therapy in the ICUc 8 (44) d 3 (25)e 0.44
Pulmonary stasis on X-ray POD 1c 1 (6) 3 (25) 0.27
Postoperative complicationsc    
 Arial Fibrillation 10 (56) 5 (42) 0.71
 Plasma Lactate > 2.5 mmol/lf 5 (28) 3 (25) 1.0
 Pneumonia 2 (11) 0 0.50
 Respiratory insufficiency 1 (6) 0 1.0
 Gastrointestinal complicationsg 2 (11) 3 (25) 0.36
 Serum Creatinine POD 1 POD 3 POD 1 POD 3  
 Increased 1.5–2 x preoperative level 0 3 (17) 1 (8) 1 (8) 0.40/0.63
 Increased 2–3 x preoperative level 1 (6) 1 (6) 1 (8) 1 (8) 1.00/1.00
 Increased more than 3 x preoperative level 0 1 (6) 0 0 --/1.0
 Needed haemodialysis or haemofiltration 1 (6) 0 1.0
Readmissions to the ICUf 1 (6) 0 1.0
Thirty days mortalityf 1 (6) 0 1.0
Length of stay in the ICU (days)a 1 (1; 25) 1 (1; 1) 0.04
Length of stay in hospital (days)a 16.5 (8; 42) 13 (10; 24) 0.09
  1. ICU Intensive Care Unit; POD Postoperative Day; ScvO2 Central venous saturation
  2. aMedian (range), bn = 16 in the before group and n = 11 in the after group, c Number of patients (group percentage), dAll 8 patients received continuous infusion of dopamine between six and 72 h, and one patient needed supplementary infusion of norepinephrine for six hours, eAll three patients received continuous infusion of dopamine between 10 and 11 h, f Values obtained on the day of operation, gPseudo obstruction or severe constipation