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Table 2 Postoperative costs among different complication subgroups (in Euro)

From: Cost analysis of the stroke volume variation guided perioperative hemodynamic optimization – an economic evaluation of the SVVOPT trial results

Group Total postoperative costs Hospitalization costs Patient care costs Clinical examinations/ Procedures, etc. Biochemistry Antimicrobials ± microb. diagnostics Radiology diagnostics Other
No complication N = 67 1182 ± 790 863 ± 656 320 ± 185 29 ± 14 152 ± 79 45 ± 54 15 ± 25 78 ± 98
Any complication N = 53 3477 ± 3611 2278 ± 2387 1199 ± 1482 280 ± 640 337 ± 282 322 ± 561 64 ± 90 196 ± 277
Additional costs in specific groups
Infectious N = 31 1789 ± 3262 1102 ± 2113 687 ± 1238 121 ± 304 123 ± 206 285 ± 660 36 ± 72 121 ± 239
Non-infectious N = 7 548 ± 657 −48 ± 456 597 ± 661 439 ± 641 47 ± 154 61 ± 112 35 ± 63 14 ± 88
Multiple/mixed complications N = 15 4155 ± 4434 2743 ± 2887 1411 ± 2065 433 ± 1028 375 ± 370 360 ± 446 81 ± 126 162 ± 391
Additional costs in specific complications
Pneumonia N = 6 1437 ± 4161 1118 ± 373 320 ± 695 26 ± 76 111 ± 244 125 ± 202 11 ± 20 46 ± 188
Surgical site infection N = 7 2119 ± 1040 1486 ± 932 633 ± 274 84 ± 130 158 ± 98 192 ± 163 51 ± 80 148 ± 183
CRBSI N = 9 643 ± 1314 399 ± 1138 244 ± 276 21 ± 40 42 ± 105 132 ± 125 22 ± 41 27 ± 155
UTI N = 9 175 ± 606 66 ± 400 108 ± 292 6 ± 11 75 ± 234 20 ± 111 2 ± 24 5 ± 84
Acute heart failure N = 4 1152 ± 1182 843 ± 1017 309 ± 205 85 ± 113 139 ± 157 111 ± 88 1 ± 10 −28 ± 48
  1. Comparison between the No and Any complications group have been made using the Mann–Whitney test, all other comparisons between subgroups were assessed by the Kruskal-Wallis test using the Conover post-hoc analysis.
  2. Bold type shows statistical significance against the patients without complications.
  3. Negative number in additional costs: decrease in costs as compared to patients without complication.
  4. Abbreviations: CRBSI – Catheter related blood stream infection, UTI – Urinary tract infection (including asymptomatic bacteriuria).