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Table 5 Postoperative and outcome details of patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenal resection with and without complications

From: The impact of fluid intervention on complications and length of hospital stay after pancreaticoduodenectomy (Whipple’s procedure)

  Overall Complications No complications p value
(n = 150) (n = 86) (n = 64)
Day 1 total fluids (litres) 3.0 (0.9–14.1) 3.3 (0.9–14.1) 2.9 (1.4-11.0) 0.020*
   - Crystalloid 2.7 (0.9–13.1) 2.8 (0.9–13.1) 2.6 (1.3–10.0) 0.101
   – Colloid 0.0 (0.0–2.8) 0.0 (0.0–2.8) 0.0 (0.0–2.0) 0.952
   – Blood 0.0 (0.0–1.1) 0.0 (0.0–1.1) 0.0 (0.0–0.3) 0.239
   – Fluid balance 1.5 (-1.7–12.1) 1.8 (-1.7 – 12.1 0.9 (-0.8–8.4) 0.002*
Day 2 total fluids (litres) 2.1 (0.3–6.1) 2.3 (0.3–6.1) 1.9 (0.7–4.9) 0.026*
   – Crystalloid 2.0 (0.3–5.5) 2.2 (0.4–5.5) 1.90.7–4.4) 0.009*
   – Colloid 0.0 (0.0–1.9) 0.0 (0.0–1.9) 0.0 (0.0–0.7) 0.146
   – Blood 0.0 (0.0–0.6) 0.0 (0.0–0.6) 0.0 (0.0–0.5) 0.866
   – Fluid balance 0.4 (-2.9–4.5) 0.6 (-2.9–4.5) 0.2 (-2.4–5.3) 0.037*
Day 3 total fluids (litres) 1.7 (0.0–6.0) 1.9 (0.1–6.0) 1.4 (0.0–4.0) 0.018*
   – Crystalloid 1.6 (0.0–6.0) 1.9 (0.1–6.0) 1.4 (0–4.0) 0.028*
   – Colloid 0.0 (0.0–1.3) 0.0 (0.0–1.1) 0.0 (0.0–1.3) 0.220
   – Blood 0.0 (0.0–0.8) 0.0 (0.0–0.8) 0.0 (0.0.4) 0.727
   – Fluid balance 0.4 (-2.9–11.9) 0.5 (-2.6–11.9) 0.2 (-2.9–11.7) 0.103
Postoperative length of stay (days) 17 (6–140) 25 (7–140) 10 (6–90) <0.001
  1. *p ≤ 0.05 Mann Whitney U test.