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Table 1 Characteristics of participants

From: Development, validation, and results of a survey to measure understanding of cardiopulmonary resuscitation choices among ICU patients and their surrogate decision makers

Characteristic Patients (n = 32) Surrogates (n = 37) Physicians (n = 20)
Age, years, median (IQR) 62(50–71) 49(41–63) 29(27–32)
Female gender, n (%) 8(25) 23(62) 7(35)
Non-Caucasian race, n (%) 0(0) 4(11) 9(45)
Marital status, n (%)    
  Single 2(6) 7(20) 11(55)
  Married 23(72) 25(71) 9(45)
  Widowed 4(13) 0(0) 0(0)
  Divorced 3(9) 3(9) 0(0)
Education, n (%)    
  Eighth grade or less 0(0) 1(3) 0(0)
  High school 7(22) 9(24) 0(0)
  Some college 10(31) 12(32) 0(0)
  College graduate 5(16) 12(32) 0(0)
  Postgraduate 6(19) 3(8) 20(100)
  Unknown 4(12) 0(0) 0(0)
Religious preference, n (%)    
  Christian, non-Catholic 22(69) 16(44) 10(50)
  Catholic 10(31) 11(31) 4(20)
  Jewish 0(0) 1(3) 0(0)
  Muslim 0(0) 0(0) 1(5)
  Other 0(0) 3(8) 2(10)
  None 0(0) 5(14) 3(15)
Self-reported health status, n (%)    
  Excellent 2(6) 7(19) 10(50)
  Very good 3(9) 17(46) 9(45)
  Good 4(13) 11(30) 1(5)
  Fair 11(34) 2(5) 0(0)
  Poor 12(38) 0(0) 0(0)
Health literacy, n (%)    
  Extreme 13(41) 17(46) 14(70)
  Quite a bit 5(16) 11(30) 5(25)
  Somewhat 6(19) 4(11) 1(5)
  A little bit 3(9) 1(3) 0(0)
  Not at all 5(16) 4(11) 0(0)
Prior health care experience, n (%) 6(19) 14(38) 20(100)
Has previously performed CPR on somebody else, n (%) 2(6) 4(11) 19(95)
Has had CPR previously performed on themselves, n (%) 2(6) 2(5) 0(0)
Medical patient, n (%) 18(56) 14(44) NA
Surgical patient, n (%) 27(73) 10(27) NA
ICU admission APACHE III score, median (IQR) 53(44–71) 53(49–72) NA
Code status on ICU admission, n (%)    NA
  Full code 29(91) 37(100) NA
  DNR 3(9) 0(0) NA
ICU length of stay, median (IQR) 2(1–3) 3(2–9) NA
Hospital length of stay, median (IQR) 6(3–14) 14(6–21) NA
Surrogate relationship to patient, n (%) NA   NA
  Spouse or partner NA 15(41) NA
  Parent NA 3(8) NA
  Child NA 14(38) NA
  Sibling NA 2(5) NA
  Other NA 3(8) NA
  1. IQR, interquartile range; CPR, cardiopulmonary resuscitation; ICU, intensive care unit; DNR, do not resuscitate.
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