Skip to main content

Table 2 Univariate analysis of personal and professional burnout risk factors

From: Burnout in intensive care units - a consideration of the possible prevalence and frequency of new risk factors: a descriptive correlational multicentre study

  ICU Professionals Total High Burnout OR CI 95% p
   No Yes    
  (n = 267) (%) (n = 184-69%) (n = 83-31%)    
Gender       
Female 173 (65) 116 (63) 57 (69) 1,000 - 0,373*
Male 94 (35) 68 (37) 26 (31) 0,778 0,448-1,351  
Age, med (P25-P75) 32 (27–38) 33 (28–40) 30 (27–36) 0,960 0,926-0,995 0,011§
Marital Status       
Single 122 (46) 74 (40) 48 (58) 1,000 - -
Married 119 (45) 90 (49) 29 (35) 0,497 0,285-0,865  
Divorced 15 (6) 13 (7) 2 (2) 0,237 0,051-1,098  
Widower 1 (0) 0 (0) 1 (1) - -  
Other 10 (4) 7 (4) 3 (4) 0,661 0,163-2,680  
With children       
No 173 (65) 112 (61) 61 (74) 1,000 - 0,033*
Yes 93 (35) 72 (39) 21 (26) 0,536 0,301-0,954  
Religion       
No 68 (26) 46 (25) 22 (27) 1,000 - 0,747*
Yes 195 (74) 136 (75) 59 (73) 0,907 0,501-1,641  
Profession       
Physician 73 (27) 55 (30) 18 (22) 1,000 - 0,164*
Nurse 194 (73) 129 (70) 65 (78) 1,540 0,837-2,834  
Academic qualifications       
Bachelor / Graduation 250 (94) 175 (96) 75 (90) 1,000 - -
Master 10 (4) 5 (3) 5 (6) 2,333 0,656-8,298  
PhD 5 (2) 2 (1) 3 (4) 3,500 0,573-21,376  
Post-graduate course/training in Intensive Care       
No 193 (75) 135 (76) 58 (73) 1,000 - 0,624*
Yes 63 (25) 42 (24) 21 (27) 1,164 0,634-2,137  
Shift work       
No 37 (14) 28 (15) 9 (11) 1,000 - 0,330**
Yes 229 (86) 155 (85) 74 (89) 1,485 0,667-3,307  
Number of working hours (week)       
35 hours 99 (37) 73 (40) 26 (31) 1,000 - 0,193*
40 hours 103 (39) 63 (34) 40 (48) 1,783 0,980-3,241  
42 hours 41 (15) 30 (16) 11 (13) 1,029 0,452-2,345  
Other 24 (9) 18 (10) 6 (7) 0,936 0,335-2,613  
Distance between home and work (Km), med (P25-P75) 7 (4–18) 7 (4–15) 10 (5–20) 1,008 0,995-1,022 0,119§
Time taken to reach work (minutes), med (P25-P75) 15 (10–30) 15 (10–30) 20 (10–30) 1,013 0,995-1,031 0,274§
Years of professional experience, med (P25-P75) 8 (4–14) 10 (4–15) 6 (4–13) 0,959 0,924-0,996 0,048§
Years of professional practice in ICU, med (P25-P75) 4 (2–9) 4 (2–10) 4 (1–7) 0,978 0,936-1,023 0,244§
Contractual situation, n (%)       
Effective staff member 114 (43) 89 (48) 25 (30) 1,000 - 0,002*
Individual contract of indeterminate period 109 (41) 62 (34) 47 (57) 2,699 1,506-4,837  
Fixed-term contract 17 (6) 15 (8) 2 (2) 0,475 0,102-2,216  
Without institutional link 4 (1) 4 (2) 0 (0) - -  
Other 23 (9) 14 (8) 9 (11) 2,289 0,887-5,904  
Overschedule       
In another setting from the same institution, n (%)       
No 212 (89) 139 (86) 73 (95) 1,000 - 0,040*
Yes 27 (11) 23 (14) 4 (5) 0,331 0,110-0,994  
In another health care institution, n (%)       
No 144 (58) 97 (58) 47 (57) 1,000 - 0,867*
Yes 104 (42) 69 (42) 35 (43) 1,047 0,613-1,788  
  1. OR - Univariate Odds Ratio; CI - Confidence Interval. High Burnout - High level of Burnout.
  2. med-median; P- Percentil; * Independence chi-square test ** Fisher exact test; § Mann–Whitney test.