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Table 3 Pain evaluation with the DAN scale (0–10) according to the facial expressions, limb movements and vocal expression

From: Breastfeeding and pain relief in full-term neonates during immunization injections: a clinical randomized trial

  Control group (n = 65) Experimental group (n = 65)  
  Mean (SD) Mean (SD) P*
Facial expressions    
  2.58 (0.72) 1.39 (0.65) <0.001
Limb movements    
  1.92 (0.69) 0.83 (0.51) <0.001
Vocal expression    
  2.28 (0.57) 1.31 (0.68) <0.001
Total DAN Score    
  6.78 (1.69) 3.52 (1.37) <0.001
  1. * Derived from t-test.