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  1. Research article

    Leg elevation decreases the incidence of post-spinal hypotension in cesarean section: a randomized controlled trial

    Maternal hypotension is a common complication after spinal anesthesia for cesarean section (CS). In this study we investigated the role of leg elevation (LE) as a method for prevention of post-spinal hypotensi...

    Ahmed Hasanin, Ahmed Aiyad, Ahmed Elsakka, Atef Kamel, Reham Fouad, Mohamed Osman, Ali Mokhtar, Sherin Refaat and Yasmin Hassabelnaby

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:60

    Published on: 24 April 2017

  2. Research article

    Association between cardiopulmonary resuscitation duration and one-month neurological outcomes for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a prospective cohort study

    The duration of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an important factor associated with the outcomes for an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. However, the appropriate CPR duration remains unclear considering ...

    Masahiro Kashiura, Yuichi Hamabe, Akiko Akashi, Atsushi Sakurai, Yoshio Tahara, Naohiro Yonemoto, Ken Nagao, Arino Yaguchi and Naoto Morimura

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:59

    Published on: 21 April 2017

  3. Research article

    The efficacy and safety of mivacurium in pediatric patients

    Mivacurium is the shortest acting nondepolarizing muscle relaxant currently available; however, the effect of different dosages and injection times of intravenous mivacurium administration in children of diffe...

    Ruifeng Zeng, Xiulan Liu, Jing Zhang, Ning Yin, Jian Fei, Shan Zhong, Zhiyong Hu, Miaofeng Hu, Mazhong Zhang, Bo Li, Jun Li, Qingquan Lian and Wangning ShangGuan

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:58

    Published on: 17 April 2017

  4. Research article

    Half dose sugammadex combined with neostigmine is non-inferior to full dose sugammadex for reversal of rocuronium-induced deep neuromuscular blockade: a cost-saving strategy

    Sugammadex reverses the effect of rocuronium more rapidly and effectively than neostigmine, at all levels of neuromuscular blockade (NMB). However, its cost is prohibitive. The combination of half dose sugamma...

    Marie T. Aouad, Waseem S. Alfahel, Roland N. Kaddoum and Sahar M. Siddik-Sayyid

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:57

    Published on: 11 April 2017

  5. Research article

    Prediction of the optimal depth for superior vena cava cannulae with cardiac computed tomography during minimally invasive cardiac surgery: a prospective observational cohort study

    The determination of the adequate depth of superior vena cava cannulae during minimally invasive cardiac surgery is important for warranting venous drainage and preventing complications during cardiopulmonary ...

    Ji-Hyun Chin, Eun-Ho Lee, Jong-Il Kim and In-Cheol Choi

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:56

    Published on: 7 April 2017

  6. Research article

    Neck circumference to inter-incisor gap ratio: a new predictor of difficult laryngoscopy in cervical spondylosis patients

    Preoperative airway assessment help anticipate a difficult airway. We hypothesized that a close association existed between difficult laryngoscopy and the neck circumference/inter-incisor gap ratio (RNIIG). Ou...

    Yong-zheng Han, Yang Tian, Mao Xu, Cheng Ni, Min Li, Jun Wang and Xiang-yang Guo

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:55

    Published on: 4 April 2017

  7. Research article

    Propofol and sufentanil may affect the patients’ sleep quality independently of the surgical stress response: a prospective nonrandomized controlled trial in 1033 patients’ undergone diagnostic upper gastrointestinal endoscopy

    It is unknown whether sedative per se contributes to the postoperative sleep disturbance. Diagnostic upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGE) is a minimally invasive procedure which is not likely to cause tissue...

    Ming Lei, Peng Zhang, Yunfei Liu, Fangfang Fu, Ling Ye and Tao Zhu

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:53

    Published on: 31 March 2017

  8. Research article

    A randomized trial of remote ischemic preconditioning and control treatment for cardioprotection in sevoflurane-anesthetized CABG patients

    Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) efficacy is debated. Possibly, because propofol, which has a RIPC-inhibiting action, is used in most RIPC trials. It has been suggested that clinical efficacy is, however...

    Rianne Nederlof, Nina C. Weber, Nicole P. Juffermans, Bas A. M. J. de Mol, Markus W. Hollmann, Benedikt Preckel and Coert J. Zuurbier

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:51

    Published on: 29 March 2017

  9. Research article

    Dexmedetomidine’s inhibitory effects on acetylcholine release from cholinergic nerves in guinea pig trachea: a mechanism that accounts for its clinical benefit during airway irritation

    Airway instrumentation can evoke upper airway reflexes including bronchoconstriction and cough which can cause serious complications including airway trauma, laryngospasm or bronchospasm which may in turn lead...

    Maya Mikami, Yi Zhang, Benjamin Kim, Tilla S. Worgall, Harald Groeben and Charles W. Emala

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:52

    Published on: 29 March 2017

  10. Research article

    Effects of short-term hyperoxia on erythropoietin levels and microcirculation in critically Ill patients: a prospective observational pilot study

    The normobaric oxygen paradox states that a short exposure to normobaric hyperoxia followed by rapid return to normoxia creates a condition of ‘relative hypoxia’ which stimulates erythropoietin (EPO) productio...

    Abele Donati, Elisa Damiani, Samuele Zuccari, Roberta Domizi, Claudia Scorcella, Massimo Girardis, Alessia Giulietti, Arianna Vignini, Erica Adrario, Rocco Romano, Laura Mazzanti, Paolo Pelaia and Mervyn Singer

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:49

    Published on: 23 March 2017

  11. Research article

    Continuous Non-invasive finger cuff CareTaker® comparable to invasive intra-arterial pressure in patients undergoing major intra-abdominal surgery

    Despite increased interest in non-invasive arterial pressure monitoring, the majority of commercially available technologies have failed to satisfy the limits established for the validation of automatic arteri...

    Irwin Gratz, Edward Deal, Francis Spitz, Martin Baruch, I. Elaine Allen, Julia E. Seaman, Erin Pukenas and Smith Jean

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:48

    Published on: 21 March 2017

  12. Study protocol

    Midodrine as adjunctive support for treatment of refractory hypotension in the intensive care unit: a multicenter, randomized, placebo controlled trial (the MIDAS trial)

    Patients admitted to intensive care units (ICU) are often treated with intravenous (IV) vasopressors. Persistent hypotension and dependence on IV vasopressors in otherwise resuscitated patients lead to delay i...

    Matthew H. Anstey, Bradley Wibrow, Tharusan Thevathasan, Brigit Roberts, Khushi Chhangani, Pauline Yeung Ng, Alexander Levine, Alan DiBiasio, Todd Sarge and Matthias Eikermann

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:47

    Published on: 21 March 2017

  13. Research article

    Changes in duration of action of rocuronium following decrease in hepatic blood flow during pneumoperitoneum for laparoscopic gynaecological surgery

    A moderate insufflation pressure and deep neuromuscular blockade (NMB) have been recommended in laparoscopic surgery in consideration of the possible reduction in splanchnic perfusion due to the CO2-pneumoperiton...

    Yang Liu, Wen Cao, Yu Liu, Yun Wang, Ren Lang, Yun Yue and An-Shi Wu

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:45

    Published on: 20 March 2017

  14. Research article

    The effect of an electronic cognitive aid on the management of ST-elevation myocardial infarction during caesarean section: a prospective randomised simulation study

    Cognitive aids have come to be viewed as promising tools in the management of perioperative critical events. The majority of published simulation studies have focussed on perioperative crises that are characte...

    Michael St.Pierre, Bjoern Luetcke, Dieter Strembski, Christopher Schmitt and Georg Breuer

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:46

    Published on: 20 March 2017

  15. Case report

    Case report of Pierre Robin sequence with severe upper airway obstruction who was rescued by fiberoptic nasotracheal intubation

    Pierre Robin sequence (PRS) refers to the association of micrognathia, glossoptosis, and airway obstruction. Cases with severe dyspnea due to upper airway obstruction immediately after birth are very rare. We ...

    Satoru Takeshita, Hiroko Ueda, Tatenobu Goto, Daisuke Muto, Hiroki Kakita, Kazuo Oshima, Takahisa Tainaka, Takayuki Ono, Yoshiaki Kazaoka and Yasumasa Yamada

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:43

    Published on: 14 March 2017

  16. Research article

    The value of arterial pressure waveform cardiac output measurements in the radial and femoral artery in major cardiac surgery patients

    A relatively new uncalibrated arterial pressure waveform cardiac output (CO) measurement technique is the Pulsioflex-ProAQT® system. Aim of this study was to validate this system in cardiac surgery patients wi...

    A. van Drumpt, J. van Bommel, S. Hoeks, F. Grüne, T. Wolvetang, J. Bekkers and M. ter Horst

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:42

    Published on: 14 March 2017

  17. Research article

    Tramadol vs dexmedetomidine for emergence agitation control in pediatric patients undergoing adenotonsillectomy with sevoflurane anesthesia: prospective randomized controlled clinical study

    This study was designed to compare the efficacy of an intraoperative single dose administration of tramadol and dexmedetomidine on hemodynamics and postoperative recovery profile including pain, sedation, emer...

    Nurdan Bedirli, Mehmet Akçabay and Ulku Emik

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:41

    Published on: 11 March 2017

  18. Research article

    Changes in intraocular pressure and optic nerve sheath diameter in patients undergoing robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy in steep 45° Trendelenburg position

    To evaluate changes in intraocular pressure (IOP) and intracerebral pressure (ICP) reflected by the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) in patients undergoing robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) ...

    Sebastian Blecha, Marion Harth, Felix Schlachetzki, Florian Zeman, Christiane Blecha, Pierre Flora, Maximilian Burger, Stefan Denzinger, Bernhard M. Graf, Horst Helbig and Michael T. Pawlik

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:40

    Published on: 11 March 2017

  19. Research article

    The effects of Y-27632 on pial microvessels during global brain ischemia and reperfusion in rabbits

    Global brain ischemia-reperfusion during propofol anesthesia provokes persistent cerebral pial constriction. Constriction is likely mediated by Rho-kinase. Cerebral vasoconstriction possibly exacerbates ischem...

    Noriyuki Shintani, Tadahiko Ishiyama, Masakazu Kotoda, Nobumasa Asano, Daniel I. Sessler and Takashi Matsukawa

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:38

    Published on: 7 March 2017

  20. Research article

    Comparison of the myocardial protective effect of sevoflurane versus propofol in patients undergoing heart valve replacement surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass

    This study aimed to compare myocardial protective effects of anaesthesia with intravenous infusion of propofol versus inhalation of sevoflurane in patients undergoing heart valve replacement surgery with cardi...

    Xiao-Lin Yang, Dan Wang, Guo-Yuan Zhang and Xiao-Lan Guo

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:37

    Published on: 4 March 2017

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