Perioperative medicine and outcome

Section edited by Laura Pasin

This section considers manuscripts concerning anesthesia in the pre-, intra- and post-operative settings. Studies concerning the outcome of patients when this is related to operative anesthesia will also be considered.

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  1. Research article

    Effects of colloid pre-loading on thromboelastography during elective intracranial tumor surgery in pediatric patients: hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 versus 5% human albumin

    Volume replacement therapy with colloid is still worth studying in major pediatric surgery with potential risk of bleeding. This study assessed the effects of 6% hydroxyethyl starch (HES) 130/0.4 and 5% Human ...

    Yuanzhi Peng, Jianer Du, Xuan Zhao, Xueyin Shi and Yingwei Wang

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:62

    Published on: 27 April 2017

  2. Research article

    Leg elevation decreases the incidence of post-spinal hypotension in cesarean section: a randomized controlled trial

    Maternal hypotension is a common complication after spinal anesthesia for cesarean section (CS). In this study we investigated the role of leg elevation (LE) as a method for prevention of post-spinal hypotensi...

    Ahmed Hasanin, Ahmed Aiyad, Ahmed Elsakka, Atef Kamel, Reham Fouad, Mohamed Osman, Ali Mokhtar, Sherin Refaat and Yasmin Hassabelnaby

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:60

    Published on: 24 April 2017

  3. Research article

    Half dose sugammadex combined with neostigmine is non-inferior to full dose sugammadex for reversal of rocuronium-induced deep neuromuscular blockade: a cost-saving strategy

    Sugammadex reverses the effect of rocuronium more rapidly and effectively than neostigmine, at all levels of neuromuscular blockade (NMB). However, its cost is prohibitive. The combination of half dose sugamma...

    Marie T. Aouad, Waseem S. Alfahel, Roland N. Kaddoum and Sahar M. Siddik-Sayyid

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:57

    Published on: 11 April 2017

  4. Research article

    Prediction of the optimal depth for superior vena cava cannulae with cardiac computed tomography during minimally invasive cardiac surgery: a prospective observational cohort study

    The determination of the adequate depth of superior vena cava cannulae during minimally invasive cardiac surgery is important for warranting venous drainage and preventing complications during cardiopulmonary ...

    Ji-Hyun Chin, Eun-Ho Lee, Jong-Il Kim and In-Cheol Choi

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:56

    Published on: 7 April 2017

  5. Research article

    Propofol and sufentanil may affect the patients’ sleep quality independently of the surgical stress response: a prospective nonrandomized controlled trial in 1033 patients’ undergone diagnostic upper gastrointestinal endoscopy

    It is unknown whether sedative per se contributes to the postoperative sleep disturbance. Diagnostic upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGE) is a minimally invasive procedure which is not likely to cause tissue...

    Ming Lei, Peng Zhang, Yunfei Liu, Fangfang Fu, Ling Ye and Tao Zhu

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:53

    Published on: 31 March 2017

  6. Research article

    A randomized trial of remote ischemic preconditioning and control treatment for cardioprotection in sevoflurane-anesthetized CABG patients

    Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) efficacy is debated. Possibly, because propofol, which has a RIPC-inhibiting action, is used in most RIPC trials. It has been suggested that clinical efficacy is, however...

    Rianne Nederlof, Nina C. Weber, Nicole P. Juffermans, Bas A. M. J. de Mol, Markus W. Hollmann, Benedikt Preckel and Coert J. Zuurbier

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:51

    Published on: 29 March 2017

  7. Research article

    The effect of an electronic cognitive aid on the management of ST-elevation myocardial infarction during caesarean section: a prospective randomised simulation study

    Cognitive aids have come to be viewed as promising tools in the management of perioperative critical events. The majority of published simulation studies have focussed on perioperative crises that are characte...

    Michael St.Pierre, Bjoern Luetcke, Dieter Strembski, Christopher Schmitt and Georg Breuer

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:46

    Published on: 20 March 2017

  8. Research article

    The value of arterial pressure waveform cardiac output measurements in the radial and femoral artery in major cardiac surgery patients

    A relatively new uncalibrated arterial pressure waveform cardiac output (CO) measurement technique is the Pulsioflex-ProAQT® system. Aim of this study was to validate this system in cardiac surgery patients wi...

    A. van Drumpt, J. van Bommel, S. Hoeks, F. Grüne, T. Wolvetang, J. Bekkers and M. ter Horst

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:42

    Published on: 14 March 2017

  9. Research article

    Tramadol vs dexmedetomidine for emergence agitation control in pediatric patients undergoing adenotonsillectomy with sevoflurane anesthesia: prospective randomized controlled clinical study

    This study was designed to compare the efficacy of an intraoperative single dose administration of tramadol and dexmedetomidine on hemodynamics and postoperative recovery profile including pain, sedation, emer...

    Nurdan Bedirli, Mehmet Akçabay and Ulku Emik

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:41

    Published on: 11 March 2017

  10. Research article

    Changes in intraocular pressure and optic nerve sheath diameter in patients undergoing robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy in steep 45° Trendelenburg position

    To evaluate changes in intraocular pressure (IOP) and intracerebral pressure (ICP) reflected by the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) in patients undergoing robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) ...

    Sebastian Blecha, Marion Harth, Felix Schlachetzki, Florian Zeman, Christiane Blecha, Pierre Flora, Maximilian Burger, Stefan Denzinger, Bernhard M. Graf, Horst Helbig and Michael T. Pawlik

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:40

    Published on: 11 March 2017

  11. Research article

    The effects of Y-27632 on pial microvessels during global brain ischemia and reperfusion in rabbits

    Global brain ischemia-reperfusion during propofol anesthesia provokes persistent cerebral pial constriction. Constriction is likely mediated by Rho-kinase. Cerebral vasoconstriction possibly exacerbates ischem...

    Noriyuki Shintani, Tadahiko Ishiyama, Masakazu Kotoda, Nobumasa Asano, Daniel I. Sessler and Takashi Matsukawa

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:38

    Published on: 7 March 2017

  12. Research article

    Comparison of the myocardial protective effect of sevoflurane versus propofol in patients undergoing heart valve replacement surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass

    This study aimed to compare myocardial protective effects of anaesthesia with intravenous infusion of propofol versus inhalation of sevoflurane in patients undergoing heart valve replacement surgery with cardi...

    Xiao-Lin Yang, Dan Wang, Guo-Yuan Zhang and Xiao-Lan Guo

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:37

    Published on: 4 March 2017

  13. Research article

    Effect of Dexmedetomidine combined with sufentanil for post- thoracotomy intravenous analgesia:a randomized, controlled clinical study

    Few studies have investigated the use of dexmedetomidine in patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) after thoracic surgery. This study to evaluate the effect of dexmedetomidine combined with sufentanil...

    Chun-Shan Dong, Jun Zhang, Qiang Lu, Peng Sun, Jun-Ma Yu, Chao Wu and Hao Sun

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:33

    Published on: 1 March 2017

  14. Research article

    Administration of HES in elderly patients undergoing hip arthroplasty under spinal anesthesia is not associated with an increase in renal injury

    Hydroxyethyl starch (HES) is applied to achieve volume expansion during surgery; however, nephrotoxicity may be induced in patients with sepsis. Simultaneously, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL...

    Yuanyuan Zhang, Yonghao Yu, Junya Jia, Wenli Yu, Rubin Xu, Licheng Geng and Ying Wei

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:29

    Published on: 21 February 2017

  15. Research article

    Tracheal extubation in deeply anesthetized pediatric patients after tonsillectomy: a comparison of high-concentration sevoflurane alone and low-concentration sevoflurane in combination with dexmedetomidine pre-medication

    Dexmedetomidine can facilitate a smooth extubation process and reduce the requirement of sevoflurane and emergence agitation when administrated perioperatively. We aimed to observe the extubation process and t...

    Meiqin Di, Yuan Han, Zhuqing Yang, Huacheng Liu, Xuefei Ye, Hongyan Lai, Jun Li, Wangning ShangGuan and Qingquan Lian

    BMC Anesthesiology 2017 17:28

    Published on: 21 February 2017

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